Sixth Wave: Dread


Sixth Wave: Dread


vakṣyamāṇair vibhāvādyaiḥ puṣṭiṃ bhaya-ratir gatā |
bhayānakābhidho bhakti-raso dhīrair udīryate ||4.6.1||

“The wise say that when bhaya-rati is nourished by the vibhāvas and other elements [of rasa] it becomes bhanāyaka-bhakti-rasa.

kṛṣṇaś ca dāruṇāś ceti tasminn ālambanā dvidhā |
anukampyeṣu sāgassu kṛṣṇas tasya ca bandhuṣu ||4.6.2||
dāruṇāḥ snehataḥ śaśvat-tad-aniṣṭhāpti-darśiṣu |
darśanāc chravaṇāc ceti smaraṇāc ca prakīrtitāḥ ||4.6.3||

“The viṣayas in bhayānaka-rasa are Kṛṣṇa and the demons. When āśrayas such as dāsas or sons commit offense to Kṛṣṇa, He becomes the viṣaya of this rasa. Since Kṛṣṇa’s friends always worry out of affection that He will be harassed by the demons, through seeing, hearing and remembering, the demons become the viṣaya of this rasa.”


An example of fear in those who have committed offense, concerning their own fear:
“O king of the ṛkṣas! Why has your face become dried up? Stop the wild palpitations of your heart. Have faith in Me, and recover your composure. You have not committed any offense at all. On the contrary, by boldly displaying your valor mixed with anger, you have actually served Me greatly with this sporting fight.”


Another example:
“O Murāri! Before You, what am I but a vile snake? Do not become angry with this most fallen and miserable person. Not understanding who You were, I have committed a great offense. Being the greatest fool, I have no protector. You should therefore protect me. Be pleased with me.”


An example of demons as the cause of fear for Kṛṣṇa’s devotees, Kṛṣṇa as viṣaya, through seeing:

“O Nanda, what shall I do? Protect this restless child by keeping Him within the house. The Keśī demon is agitating my mind as well as the whole earth. See! He is jumping over the trees.”


Demon as the cause of fear, Kṛṣṇa as viṣaya, through hearing:
“Hearing the intolerable Keṣī demon had entered Gokula with anger, Yaśodā
suddenly became alarmed to protect her son, and he lotus-like face dried up.”


Demon as the cause, Kṛṣṇa as the viṣaya, by remembering:
“O mother, let us stop this topic of Pūtanā. Even now, remembering about her, my body begins to shake. When Pūtanā put Kṛṣṇa on her lap to devour Him, she manifested a fearful, rough body while making terrible sounds.”

||4.6.9|| ||4.6.10||

“The uddīpanas for bhayānaka-rasa are frowns and other threats in the objects of fear. The anubhāvas are drying of the face, heavy breathing, looking backwards, hiding oneself, becoming unsteady, looking for shelter
and shouting. All the sāttvika-bhāvas except tears appear in bhayānaka-rasa.”


“Among the vyabhicārī-bhāvas of bhayānaka-rasa are trāsa, mṛti, cāpalā, āvega, dainya, viṣāda, moha, apasmāra and śaṅka.”


“The sthāyī-bhāva of bhayānaka-rasa is bhaya-rati, which arises from offenses and fearful persons. There are many types of offenses.”

||4.6.13|| ||4.6.14||

“This bhaya-rati or fear does not appear in any persons except the devotees. Fear arising from the fearful forms, qualities and powers generally arises in women and small children out of pure prema for Kṛṣṇa.”


“Persons like Pūtanā are fearful in form. The wicked kings are fearful by their natures, and the devatās like Indra and Śiva are fearful because of their powers.”


“Though the demons like Kaṃsa are extremely fearful of the Lord at all times, because this fear is devoid of rati, they are not āśrayas for bhayānaka-rasa.”

iti śrī-śrī-bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhāv uttara-vibhāge
gauṇa-bhakti-rasa-nirūpaṇe bhayānaka-bhakti-rasa-laharī ṣaṣṭhī ||

“Thus ends the Sixth Wave of the Northern Ocean of Śrī Bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhu, concerning bhayānaka-bhakti-rasa.