Śrī Bhakti-Rasamrita-Sindhu

*/ Fifth Wave: Permanent Ecstatic Mood Sthāyī-bhāva aviruddhān viruddhāṃś ca bhāvān yo vaśatāṃ nayan | su-rājeva virājeta sa sthāyī bhāva ucyate ||2.5.1|| “That bhāva which, controlling other favorable bhāvas such as hāsya , and contradictory bhāvas such as krodha , presides in the manner of an efficient ruler, is called the sthāyī-bhāva .” sthāyī bhāvo’tra sa proktaḥ śrī-kṛṣṇa-viṣayā ratiḥ |

Western Ocean: Primary Loving Relationships 1. First Wave: Neutral Love of God 2. Second Wave: Affection and Service 3. Third Wave: Fraternal Devotion 4. Fourth Wave: Parenthood 5. Fifth Wave: Conjugal Love

*/ First Wave: Neutral Love of God Śānta-rasa dhṛta-mugdha-rūpa-bhāro bhāgavatārpita-pṛthu-premā | sa mayi sanātana-mūrtis tanotu puruṣottamas tuṣṭim ||3.1.1|| “May the Supreme Lord with eternal form, endowed with attractive beauty and abundant prema which He gives to the devotees, be pleased with me.” Alternate translation: “May Sanatana Gosvāmī, who bears the burden of the fool Rūpa, and who has great attachment

*/ Second Wave: Affection and Service Dāsya-rasa śrīdhara-svāmibhiḥ spaṣṭam ayam eva rasottamaḥ | raṅga-prasaṅge sa-premakākhyaḥ prakīrtitaḥ ||3.2.1|| “Śrīdhara Svāmī, talking about rasa , has clearly glorified prīti-rasa as the highest rasa , calling it saprema-bhakti ( prema -filled bhakti ).” ||3.2.2|| “Lakṣmīdhara the author of Nāma-kaumudī has called this rasa a sthāyī-rati , and Sudeva and other authorities on literary

*/ Third Wave: Fraternal Devotion Sakhya-rasa sthāyi-bhāvo vibhāvādyaiḥ sakhyam ātmocitair iha | nītaś citte satāṃ puṣṭiṃ rasaḥ preyān udīryate ||3.3.1|| “When the sthāyī-bhāva of sakhya-rati is nourished by suitable vibhāvas and the other elements of the devotee, it is known as preyo-bhakti-rasa ( sakhya- rasa ).” ||3.3.2|| “The Lord and His friends of the same age are the ālambanas .”

*/ Fourth Wave: Parenthood Vātsalya-rasa vibhāvādyais tu vātsalyaṃ sthāyī puṣṭim upāgataḥ | eṣa vatsala-nāmātra prokto bhakti-raso budhaiḥ ||3.4.1|| “When vatsala-sthāyī-bhāva is nourished by vibhāva and other elements [of bhakti ], it is called vatlasa-bhakti-rasa by the wise.” tatra ālambanāḥ — kṛṣṇaṃ tasya gurūṃś cātra prāhur ālambanān budhāḥ ||3.4.2|| “The learned say that Kṛṣṇa and the devotees acting as elders are

*/ Fifth Wave: Conjugal Love Mādhurya-rasa ātmocitair vibhāvādyaiḥ puṣṭiṃ nītā satāṃ hṛdi | madhurākhyo bhaved bhakti-raso’sau madhurā ratiḥ ||3.5.1|| “When madhura-rati is nourished by suitable vibhāva and other elements [of rasa ] in the devotees’ hearts, it is called madhura-bhakti-rasa .” nivṛttānupayogitvād durūhatvād ayaṃ rasaḥ | rahasyatvāc ca saṃkṣipya vitatāṇgo vilikhyate ||3.5.2|| “Though this rasa has many components, it will

Northern Ocean: Indirect Loving Relationships 1. First Wave: Laughing Ecstasy 2. Second Wave: Astonishment 3. Third Wave: Chivalry 4. Fourth Wave: Compassion 5. Fifth Wave: Anger 6. Sixth Wave: Dread 7. Seventh Wave: Ghastliness 8. Eighth Wave: Compatible & Incompatible Mellows 9. Ninth Wave: Incomplete Expression of Mellows

*/ First Wave: Laughing Ecstasy Hāsya-rasa hāsya-bhakti-rasākhyā prathama-laharī bhakti-bhareṇa prītiṃ kalayann urarīkṛta-vrajāsaṅgaḥ | tanutāṃ sanātanātmā bhagavān mayi sarvadā tuṣṭim ||4.1.1|| “May the Lord with eternal form who accepts Vraja as His eternal home, being merciful out of great affection for the devotee, be satisfied with me.” Alternate translation: “May the person called Sanātana Gosvāmī who, having great joy because of

*/ Second Wave: Astonishment Adbhuta-rasa ātmocitair vibhāvādyaiḥ svādyatvaṃ bhakta-cetasi | sā vismaya-ratir nītād-bhuto-bhakti-raso bhavet ||4.2.1|| “When vismaya-rati becomes pleasurable in the devotee’s heart by suitable vibhāvas because of His superhuman actions, it is called adbhuta-bhakti-rasa .” ||4.2.2|| “All types of devotees are the ālambana for the vismaya-rati of adbhuta-rasa , and Kṛṣṇa is the viṣaya because of His superhuman actions.”

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