Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya Carita | Book 4 Chapter 8

Eighth Sarga

Darśana of Govardhana Hill
and Other Holy Places


Kṛṣṇa Dāsa continued, "Again due to fear of Kasa, Mahārāja Nanda consulted with his people and thus the community of cowherds made their new abode on Nandīśvara hill.


"Every day Kṛṣṇa and Rāma enjoyed with their friends on the banks of Mānasi Gaṅgā near charming Govardhana Hill.


"In order to drive out the pride from the heart of Indradeva, Śrī Hari, at the age of seven, cheerfully held up Govardhana Hill, thinking of the protection of His people.


"Always eager to taste new varieties of rasa, Kṛṣṇa sported boating pastimes on Mānasa Gaṅgā, ferrying the cowherd folk as they travelled from the pasturelands to Mathurā for marketing their milk products.


"Desiring to show mercy to His bhaktas, Śrī Hari entered this narrow passageway in the rock for the purpose of demanding payment of a toll. He enjoyed and gave pleasure to the milkmaids."


Observed the stone altar of dāna-keli, Śrī Gaura Candra became eager to taste the rasa of the toll pastime, abandoning the consciousness of external phenomena. Then the effulgent dark beauty manifested. marked with Śrīvatsa, holding a bamboo flute and a staff for herding cows, and adorned with flowers and fresh leaves. He exclaimed, "O Rādhe! O reservoir of rasa! Give Me charity. I am a most suitable candidate for Your charity." All glories to Śrī Gaura Hari, for whom Rādhikā is dearer than His life-breath, as He prays in this way.


 Suddenly overwhelmed by bhakti-rasa, the master of all wept. That stone was also weeping and Gaura anointed his head with those tears.


Kṛṣṇa Dāsa continued, "Behold! To the east of the hill are a pair of Kuṇḍas which bestow Kṛṣṇa-rasa. And on the southern side is the circle of the transcendental rāsa- dance.


"See here the actual place of the rāsa-dancing pastimes of Śrī Śrī Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa. These pastimes are revealed only to devotees whose hearts are wholly absorbed in prema-rasa."


Because Śrī Gaurāṅga is the combined form of Rādhā-Mādhava, Gaura Hari displayed whatever moods the Divine Couple experiences in Their relationship, as He followed Their līlā step by step.


The exalted brāhmaṇa then spoke to Kṛṣṇa Caitanya, who was experiencing the bhāvamaya pastimes in His heart, "Behold a temple on this hill for the worship of Śrī Rādhikā.


"Here is the place where the residents of Vraja offered heaps of foodstuff to the brāhmaṇas and to Govardhana hill. After seeing the calamities wrought by Indra, Kṛṣṇa destroyed the pride of that chief of the demigods by lifting Govardhana hill.


"On top of the hill please see the great Deity known as Hari Rāya. On top of the southern part of the hill is the Deity known as Gopāla Rāya.


"When Kṛṣṇa cast out the false pride from Indra's heart, by Brahmā's order, the chaste Surabhī cow joyously bathed Govinda with celestial Gaṅgā water. Then in a great festival Śrī Govinda was served by all the Vedas, and śāstras, and mighty Indra, after offering the prayers to Govinda, became free from fear of reactions to his offence.


"Behold to the south of Govardhana hill this sin-destroying kuṇḍa, and beyond it five other splendid Kuṇḍas, which also remove all sin. They are named Brahma, Rudra, Indra, Sūrya and Mokṣa." Gazing on them, Śrī Kṛṣṇa in His form of Mahāprabhu Gaura Hari spoke lovingly to the brāhmaṇa:


"O throughout this universe, Girirāja Govardhana is the most glorious of bhaktas. Here Kṛṣṇa and Rāma always play in great bliss with the gopāla-bālas!" Exclaiming this with heart-felt eagerness, Śrī Gaura Candra, the bestower of the complete spectrum of love for Kṛṣṇa, danced while worshipping Govardhana hill.

Thus ends the Eighth Sarga entitled "Darśana of Govardhana Hill and Other Holy Places," in the Fourth Prakrama of the great poem Śrī Caitanya Carita.