Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya Carita | Book 2 Chapter 2

Second Sarga

The Lord Accepts the Ecstatic Mood of Varāha Avatāra


Once while Śrī Gaura Hari was walking on a path in the company of Śrīvāsa Paṇḍita and his brothers, who appeared like ornaments of the Lord, He heard the sound of a flute, and thinking of Govinda, He became entranced.


Enraptured the Lord swooned, falling like a stick to the ground. After a short time He awoke and cried out for Kṛṣṇa, addressing Him by many names.


After offering blessings to the chiefs among the brāhmaṇas, Lord Gaura with His lustrous face laughed, enjoying the company of the gentlemen. As the Lord of the universe and husband of Lakṣmī occasionally acted on the plea of the fulfilment of His bodily affairs, He displayed His pastimes in Navadvīpa.


In the house of Śrīvāsa Paṇḍita night after night and also at times throughout the day, hairs the Master thrilling with rapture would continuously dance and lovingly sing songs of Kṛṣṇa together with Śrīvāsa, the great soul Śrī Rāma, and another physician named Mukuṇḍa, all of whom were exclusively devoted to Śrī Hari.


Once while He was sojourning at home, Śacī-suta became overwhelmed by love for Kṛṣṇa and exclaimed, "Oh! Where shall I dwell and where shall I stay, that I may fix my mind upon Hari?"


While He was thus perplexed, a celestial being respectfully addressed Him by name, saying, "He Bhagavān! You should know that You are Yourself the personal expansion of Śrī Hari on earth.


"You have descended to bring people the highest perfection of life which is Kṛṣṇa- prema. Do not be despondent. This sacrifice of the chanting of Kṛṣṇa's names on the earth in this age of Kali will be supremely successful by Your mercy. Of this there is no doubt." Upon hearing these words of the goddess, the Lord became filled with joy.


Once by His divine arrangement, Śrī Hari, whose eyes are tender with love, due to compassion for lowly-minded persons, came to the house of the physician Murāri.


The sense-controlled Lord entered the Deity's temple-room and sat down, becoming flooded by currents of love that appeared like waterfalls gushing down a mountainside.


Then Gaura spoke, "Oh! This very powerful boar, appearing like a great mountain, is attacking me with His two tusks!" So saying, He slowly backed away.


"Oh! This best among boars is striking me with His tusks!" So saying, Mahāprabhu backed away more swiftly.


Then after a moment He displayed an ecstatic mood of the Supreme Lord, appearing in the form of a boar. Thus He clambered about the ground on His hands and knees.


His lotus eyes became big and round, and His roaring reverberated loudly as He held aloft a brass waterpot with the tips of His teeth.


For a moment He thus raised His face upwards and then took the brass pot in His hand as He commanded this lowly Murāri, "Describe this original form of mine."


Bowing down on the earth, Murāri spoke in wonder, "O illustrious Lord whose eyes resemble the blue lotus of the forest! You are the Supreme Controller of all things, and are indeed the worthy object of my vision, yet I am unable to comprehend this original form of Yours."


Then again and again Murāri uttered the words spoken by Arjuna to Lord Kṛṣṇa in the Bhagavad Gītā, "Indeed, You alone know Yourself by Your own potencies, O Supreme Person!"


Then the Lord, the reservoir of all opulence, again addressed Murāri Gupta in a very gentle tone, "What can the Veda know of Me?" The physician replied to Him as follows:


"The Veda has no ability to speak of You. Your nature is always confidential." Hearing this, the Lord said, "The Veda mocks Me, for it calls Me handless and legless." Then the Personality of Godhead, the reservoir of all opulences, who is conversant with the very essence of the Vedas and is indeed the author of all Vedic literature, summoned the Vedas to His mind and recited the following verse:


"He is without hands and feet, yet He travels as swift as the mind and accepts all that is offered to Him. He sees without eyes and hears without ears. He knows the entirety of this universe, but no one knows Him. Sages call Him the primeval Person."


The Divine Lord was smiling as He recited these words of the Vedas, and then He declared, "The Vedas cannot comprehend Me. This is undeniably true."


The physician said, "O Bhagavān, show Your mercy to me!" The merciful all- opulent Personality of Godhead replied, "May you have love for Me."


So saying with a smiling face, resplendent Viśvambhara Deva then departed for His own home, wholly absorbed in Hari-kīrtana.


On the following day, while Gaura was staying in the home of Śrīvāsa Paṇḍita, He recited a verse and then elucidated upon it. Please hear that.


"In the age of quarrel, the only means for realization of our relationship with God is chanting the names of Hari, chanting the names of Hari, chanting the names of Hari. There is certainly no other way. There is no other way. There is no other way."


"The word `nā' means a person and indicates Śrī Hari, the original person, who Himself appears in the age of Kali. You must understand the form of His holy names is that original form. They are indeed non-different from Him. This is the intended meaning of the word `kevalam.'


"The reason for repeating thrice the words `harer nāma' is to establish conclusively that only the names of Hari award actual benefit to all embodied beings in the age of Kali. The word `eva' is also repeated three times to emphasize that the Lord's name destroys the sins of all living beings.


"The word `kevalam' also implies definitely that the names of Śrī Hari reveal all truths. In other words, since His names are (kevalam) none other than Kṛṣṇa Himself, they can therefore reveal all truths. Whereas the proponents of exclusive monism state that the intended meaning of `kevalam' is nirvāṇa, extinguishing the seeds of fruitive work.


"They have (erroneously) taken the meaning of `kevalam' to be `kaivalyam,' or becoming one with brahman, the impersonal aspect of the Absolute Truth. Whereas (vaiṣṇavas state that) the names of Hari are actually His mercy-avatāra, and they cause one to relish the mellows of Kṛṣṇa-prema.


"Therefore the name of Hari is His original form. If a man should assert otherwise, then for him, Veda Vyāsa has personally emphasized this point three times, `There is no other way, there is no other way, there is no other way.'"


So spoke Mahāprabhu, the personification of all the devas, in His form of the boar. After speaking thus, He began to dance and sing the names of Hari with superlative feeling.


If someone hears or recites these narrations with fixed attention, love for Lord Śrī Hari awakens within his heart. He becomes fixed in Kṛṣṇa consciousness and is freed from the life of sin.


One's intelligence becomes firmly established in the understanding of their constitutional position of service to Śrī Caitanya's lotus feet, and at the end of life, one will attain perpetual remembrance of Śrī Caitanya-deva.

Thus ends the Second Sarga entitled "The Lord Accepts the Ecstatic Mood of Varāha Avatāra," in the Second Prakrama of the great poem Śrī Caitanya Carita.