Śrīmad Bhāgavatam |Canto 4 Chapter 30

The Activities of the Pracetās

VERSE 4.30.1

vidura uvāca

ye tvayābhihitā brahman
sutāḥ prācīnabarhiṣaḥ
te rudra-gītena hariṁ
siddhim āpuḥ pratoṣya kām

SYNONYMS

viduraḥ uvāca — Vidura said; ye — those who; tvayā — by you; abhihitāḥ — were spoken about; brahman — O brāhmaṇa; sutāḥ — sons; prācīnabarhiṣaḥ — of King Prācīnabarhi; te — all of them; rudra-gītena — by the song composed by Lord Śiva; harim — the Lord; siddhim — success; āpuḥ — achieved; pratoṣya — having satisfied; kām — what.

TRANSLATION

Vidura inquired from Maitreya: O brāhmaṇa, you formerly spoke about the sons of Prācīnabarhi and informed me that they satisfied the Supreme Personality of Godhead by chanting a song composed by Lord Śiva. What did they achieve in this way?

VERSE 4.30.2

kiṁ bārhaspatyeha paratra vātha
kaivalya-nātha-priya-pārśva-vartinaḥ
āsādya devaṁ giriśaṁ yadṛcchayā
prāpuḥ paraṁ nūnam atha pracetasaḥ

SYNONYMS

kim — what; bārhaspatya — O disciple of Bṛhaspati; iha — here; paratra — in different planets; — or; atha — as such; kaivalya-nātha — to the bestower of liberation; priya — dear; pārśva-vartinaḥ — being associated with; āsādya — after meeting; devam — the great demigod; giri-śam — the lord of the Kailāsa Hill; yadṛcchayā — by providence; prāpuḥ — achieved; param — the Supreme; nūnam — certainly; atha — therefore; pracetasaḥ — the sons of Barhiṣat.

TRANSLATION

My dear Bārhaspatya, what did the sons of King Barhiṣat, known as the Pracetās, obtain after meeting Lord Śiva, who is very dear to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the bestower of liberation? Certainly they were transferred to the spiritual world, but apart from that, what did they obtain within this material world, either in this life or in other lives?

VERSE 4.30.3

maitreya uvāca

pracetaso ’ntar udadhau
pitur ādeśa-kāriṇaḥ
japa-yajñena tapasā
purañjanam atoṣayan

SYNONYMS

maitreyaḥ uvāca — Maitreya said; pracetasaḥ — the Pracetās; antaḥ — within; udadhau — the sea; pituḥ — of their father; ādeśa-kāriṇaḥ — the order carriers; japa-yajñena — by chanting mantras; tapasā — under severe austerities; puram-janam — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; atoṣayan — satisfied.

TRANSLATION

The great sage Maitreya said: The sons of King Prācīnabarhi, known as the Pracetās, underwent severe austerities within the seawater to carry out the order of their father. By chanting and repeating the mantras given by Lord Śiva, they were able to satisfy Lord Viṣṇu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

VERSE 4.30.4

daśa-varṣa-sahasrānte
puruṣas tu sanātanaḥ
teṣām āvirabhūt kṛcchraṁ
śāntena śamayan rucā

SYNONYMS

daśa-varṣa — ten years; sahasra-ante — at the end of a thousand; puruṣaḥ — the Supreme Person; tu — then; sanātanaḥ — eternal; teṣām — of the Pracetās; āvirabhūt — appeared; kṛcchram — the severe austerity; śāntena — satisfying; śamayan — mitigating; rucā — by His beauty.

TRANSLATION

At the end of ten thousand years of severe austerities performed by the Pracetās, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, to reward their austerities, appeared before them in His very pleasing form. This appealed to the Pracetās and satisfied the labor of their austerities.

VERSE 4.30.5

suparṇa-skandham ārūḍho
meru-śṛṅgam ivāmbudaḥ
pīta-vāsā maṇi-grīvaḥ
kurvan vitimirā diśaḥ

SYNONYMS

suparṇa — of Garuḍa, the carrier of Lord Viṣṇu; skandham — the shoulder; ārūḍhaḥ — sitting on; meru — of the mountain named Meru; śṛṅgam — on the summit; iva — like; ambudaḥ — a cloud; pīta-vāsāḥ — wearing yellow garments; maṇi-grīvaḥ — His neck decorated with the Kaustubha jewel; kurvan — making; vitimirāḥ — free from darkness; diśaḥ — all directions.

TRANSLATION

The Personality of Godhead, appearing on the shoulder of Garuḍa, seemed like a cloud resting on the summit of the mountain known as Meru. The transcendental body of the Personality of Godhead was covered by attractive yellow garments, and His neck was decorated with the jewel known as Kaustubha-maṇi. The bodily effulgence of the Lord dissipated all the darkness of the universe.

VERSE 4.30.6

kāśiṣṇunā kanaka-varṇa-vibhūṣaṇena
bhrājat-kapola-vadano vilasat-kirīṭaḥ
aṣṭāyudhair anucarair munibhiḥ surendrair
āsevito garuḍa-kinnara-gīta-kīrtiḥ

SYNONYMS

kāśiṣṇunā — shining; kanaka — gold; varṇa — colored; vibhūṣaṇena — with ornaments; bhrājat — shining; kapola — forehead; vadanaḥ — His face; vilasat — dazzling; kirīṭaḥ — His helmet; aṣṭa — eight; āyudhaiḥ — with weapons; anucaraiḥ — by followers; munibhiḥ — by great sages; sura-indraiḥ — by demigods; āsevitaḥ — served; garuḍa — by Garuḍa; kinnara — inhabitant of the Kinnara planet; gīta — sung; kīrtiḥ — His glories.

TRANSLATION

The Lord’s face was very beautiful, and His head was decorated with a shining helmet and golden ornaments. The helmet was dazzling and was very beautifully situated on His head. The Lord had eight arms, which each held a particular weapon. The Lord was surrounded by demigods, great sages and other associates. These were all engaged in His service. Garuḍa, the carrier of the Lord, glorified the Lord with Vedic hymns by flapping his wings. Garuḍa appeared to be an inhabitant of the planet known as Kinnaraloka.

VERSE 4.30.7

pīnāyatāṣṭa-bhuja-maṇḍala-madhya-lakṣmyā
spardhac-chriyā parivṛto vana-mālayādyaḥ
barhiṣmataḥ puruṣa āha sutān prapannān
parjanya-nāda-rutayā saghṛṇāvalokaḥ

SYNONYMS

pīna — stout; āyata — long; aṣṭa — eight; bhuja — arms; maṇḍala — encirclement; madhya — in the midst of; lakṣmyā — with the goddess of fortune; spardhat — contending; śriyā — whose beauty; parivṛtaḥ — encircled; vana-mālayā — by a flower garland; ādyaḥ — the original Personality of Godhead; barhiṣmataḥ — of King Prācīnabarhi; puruṣaḥ — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; āha — addressed; sutān — the sons; prapannān — surrendered; parjanya — like a cloud; nāda — whose sound; rutayā — by a voice; sa-ghṛṇa — with mercy; avalokaḥ — His glancing.

TRANSLATION

Around the neck of the Personality of Godhead hung a flower garland that reached to His knees. His eight stout and elongated arms were decorated with that garland, which challenged the beauty of the goddess of fortune. With a merciful glance and a voice like thunder, the Lord addressed the sons of King Prācīnabarhiṣat, who were very much surrendered unto Him.

VERSE 4.30.8

śrī-bhagavān uvāca

varaṁ vṛṇīdhvaṁ bhadraṁ vo
yūyaṁ me nṛpa-nandanāḥ
sauhārdenāpṛthag-dharmās
tuṣṭo ’haṁ sauhṛdena vaḥ

SYNONYMS

śrī-bhagavān uvāca — the Supreme Personality of Godhead said; varam — benediction; vṛṇīdhvam — ask; bhadram — good fortune; vaḥ — of you; yūyam — you; me — from Me; nṛpa-nandanāḥ — O sons of the King; sauhārdena — by friendship; apṛthak — nondifferent; dharmāḥ — occupation; tuṣṭaḥ — pleased; aham — I; sauhṛdena — by friendship; vaḥ — of you.

TRANSLATION

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: My dear sons of the King, I am very much pleased by the friendly relationships among you. All of you are engaged in one occupation — devotional service. I am so pleased with your mutual friendship that I wish you all good fortune. Now you may ask a benediction of Me.

VERSE 4.30.9

yo ’nusmarati sandhyāyāṁ
yuṣmān anudinaṁ naraḥ
tasya bhrātṛṣv ātma-sāmyaṁ
tathā bhūteṣu sauhṛdam

SYNONYMS

yaḥ — one who; anusmarati — always remembers; sandhyāyām — in the evening; yuṣmān — you; anudinam — every day; naraḥ — human being; tasya bhrātṛṣu — with his brothers; ātma-sāmyam — personal equality; tathā — as also; bhūteṣu — with all living beings; sauhṛdam — friendship.

TRANSLATION

The Lord continued: Those who remember you every evening of every day will become friendly with their brothers and with all other living entities.

VERSE 4.30.10

ye tu māṁ rudra-gītena
sāyaṁ prātaḥ samāhitāḥ
stuvanty ahaṁ kāma-varān
dāsye prajñāṁ ca śobhanām

SYNONYMS

ye — those persons who; tu — but; mām — unto Me; rudra-gītena — by the song sung by Lord Śiva; sāyam — in the evening; prātaḥ — in the morning; samāhitāḥ — being attentive; stuvanti — offer prayers; aham — I; kāma-varān — all benedictions to fulfill desires; dāsye — shall award; prajñām — intelligence; ca — also; śobhanām — transcendental.

TRANSLATION

Those who will offer Me the prayers composed by Lord Śiva, both in the morning and in the evening, will be given benedictions by Me. In this way they can both fulfill their desires and attain good intelligence.

VERSE 4.30.11

yad yūyaṁ pitur ādeśam
agrahīṣṭa mudānvitāḥ
atho va uśatī kīrtir
lokān anu bhaviṣyati

SYNONYMS

yat — because; yūyam — you; pituḥ — of your father; ādeśam — the order; agrahīṣṭa — accepted; mudā-anvitāḥ — in great happiness; atho — therefore; vaḥ — your; uśatī — attractive; kīrtiḥ — glories; lokān anu — throughout the universe; bhaviṣyati — will become possible.

TRANSLATION

Because you have with pleasure accepted within your hearts the orders of your father and have executed those orders very faithfully, your attractive qualities will be celebrated all over the world.

VERSE 4.30.12

bhavitā viśrutaḥ putro
’navamo brahmaṇo guṇaiḥ
ya etām ātma-vīryeṇa
tri-lokīṁ pūrayiṣyati

SYNONYMS

bhavitā — there will be; viśrutaḥ — very famous; putraḥ — son; anavamaḥ — not inferior; brahmaṇaḥ — to Lord Brahmā; guṇaiḥ — by qualifications; yaḥ — who; etām — all this; ātma-vīryeṇa — by his progeny; tri-lokīm — the three worlds; pūrayiṣyati — will fill.

TRANSLATION

You will have a nice son, who will be in no way inferior to Lord Brahmā. Consequently, he will be very famous all over the universe, and the sons and grandsons generated by him will fill the three worlds.

VERSE 4.30.13

kaṇḍoḥ pramlocayā labdhā
kanyā kamala-locanā
tāṁ cāpaviddhāṁ jagṛhur
bhūruhā nṛpa-nandanāḥ

SYNONYMS

kaṇḍoḥ — of the sage Kaṇḍu; pramlocayā — by a heavenly society girl named Pramlocā; labdhā — obtained; kanyā — daughter; kamala-locanā — lotus-eyed; tām — her; ca — also; apaviddhām — given up; jagṛhuḥ — accepted; bhūruhāḥ — the trees; nṛpa-nandanāḥ — O sons of King Prācīnabarhiṣat.

TRANSLATION

O sons of King Prācīnabarhiṣat, the heavenly society girl named Pramlocā kept the lotus-eyed daughter of Kaṇḍu in the care of the forest trees. Then she went back to the heavenly planet. This daughter was born by the coupling of the Apsarā named Pramlocā with the sage Kaṇḍu.

VERSE 4.30.14

kṣut-kṣāmāyā mukhe rājā
somaḥ pīyūṣa-varṣiṇīm
deśinīṁ rodamānāyā
nidadhe sa dayānvitaḥ

SYNONYMS

kṣut — by hunger; kṣāmāyāḥ — when she was distressed; mukhe — within the mouth; rājā — the king; somaḥ — the moon; pīyūṣa — nectar; varṣiṇīm — pouring; deśinīm — forefinger; rodamānāyāḥ — while she was crying; nidadhe — placed; saḥ — he; dayā-anvitaḥ — being compassionate.

TRANSLATION

Thereafter the child, who was left to the care of the trees, began to cry in hunger. At that time the king of the forest, namely the king of the moon planet, out of compassion placed his finger, which poured forth nectar, within the child’s mouth. Thus the child was raised by the mercy of the king of the moon.

VERSE 4.30.15

prajā-visarga ādiṣṭāḥ
pitrā mām anuvartatā
tatra kanyāṁ varārohāṁ
tām udvahata mā ciram

SYNONYMS

prajā-visarge — to create progeny; ādiṣṭāḥ — being ordered; pitrā — by your father; mām — My direction; anuvartatā — following; tatra — there; kanyām — the daughter; vara-ārohām — highly qualified and exquisitely beautiful; tām — her; udvahata — marry; — without; ciram — wasting time.

TRANSLATION

Since all of you are very much obedient to My orders, I ask you to immediately marry that girl, who is so well qualified with beauty and good qualities. According to the order of your father, create progeny through her.

VERSE 4.30.16

apṛthag-dharma-śīlānāṁ
sarveṣāṁ vaḥ sumadhyamā
apṛthag-dharma-śīleyaṁ
bhūyāt patny arpitāśayā

SYNONYMS

apṛthak — without differences; dharma — occupation; śīlānām — whose character; sarveṣām — all; vaḥ — of you; su-madhyamā — a girl whose waist is slender; apṛthak — without differences; dharma — occupation; śīlā — well-behaved; iyam — this; bhūyāt — may she become; patnī — wife; arpita-āśayā — fully surrendered.

TRANSLATION

You brothers are all of the same nature, being My devotees and obedient sons of your father. Similarly, that girl is also of the same type and is dedicated to all of you. Thus both the girl and you, the sons of Prācīnabarhiṣat, are on the same platform, being united on a common principle.

VERSE 4.30.17

divya-varṣa-sahasrāṇāṁ
sahasram ahataujasaḥ
bhaumān bhokṣyatha bhogān vai
divyāṁś cānugrahān mama

SYNONYMS

divya — of the heavenly planets; varṣa — years; sahasrāṇām — of thousands; sahasram — a thousand; ahata — without being defeated; ojasaḥ — your power; bhaumān — of this world; bhokṣyatha — you will enjoy; bhogān — enjoyments; vai — certainly; divyān — of the heavenly world; ca — also; anugrahāt — by mercy; mama — My.

TRANSLATION

The Lord then blessed all the Pracetās, saying: My dear princes, by My mercy you can enjoy all the facilities of this world as well as the heavenly world. Indeed, you can enjoy all of them without hindrance and with full strength for one million celestial years.

VERSE 4.30.18

atha mayy anapāyinyā
bhaktyā pakva-guṇāśayāḥ
upayāsyatha mad-dhāma
nirvidya nirayād ataḥ

SYNONYMS

atha — therefore; mayi — unto Me; anapāyinyā — without any deviation; bhaktyā — by devotional service; pakva-guṇa — free from material contamination; āśayāḥ — your mind; upayāsyatha — you will attain; mat-dhāma — My abode; nirvidya — being completely detached; nirayāt — from material existence; ataḥ — thus.

TRANSLATION

Thereafter you will develop unadulterated devotional service unto Me and be freed from all material contamination. At that time, being completely unattached to material enjoyment in the so-called heavenly planets as well as in hellish planets, you will return home, back to Godhead.

VERSE 4.30.19

gṛheṣv āviśatāṁ cāpi
puṁsāṁ kuśala-karmaṇām
mad-vārtā-yāta-yāmānāṁ
na bandhāya gṛhā matāḥ

SYNONYMS

gṛheṣu — in family life; āviśatām — who have entered; ca — also; api — even; puṁsām — of persons; kuśala-karmaṇām — engaged in auspicious activities; mat-vārtā — in topics about Me; yāta — is expended; yāmānām — whose every moment; na — not; bandhāya — for bondage; gṛhāḥ — household life; matāḥ — considered.

TRANSLATION

Those who are engaged in auspicious activities in devotional service certainly understand that the ultimate enjoyer or beneficiary of all activities is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Thus when one acts, he offers the results to the Supreme Personality of Godhead and passes life always engaged in the topics of the Lord. Even though such a person may be participating in family life, he is not affected by the results of his actions.

VERSE 4.30.20

navyavad dhṛdaye yaj jño
brahmaitad brahma-vādibhiḥ
na muhyanti na śocanti
na hṛṣyanti yato gatāḥ

SYNONYMS

navya-vat — ever-increasingly fresh; hṛdaye — in the heart; yat — as; jñaḥ — the supreme knower, Paramātmā; brahma — Brahman; etat — this; brahma-vādibhiḥ — by the advocates of the Absolute Truth; na — never; muhyanti — are bewildered; na — never; śocanti — lament; na — never; hṛṣyanti — are jubilant; yataḥ — when; gatāḥ — have attained.

TRANSLATION

Always engaging in the activities of devotional service, devotees feel ever-increasingly fresh and new in all their activities. The all-knower, the Supersoul within the heart of the devotee, makes everything increasingly fresh. This is known as the Brahman position by the advocates of the Absolute Truth. In such a liberated stage [brahma-bhūta], one is never bewildered. Nor does one lament or become unnecessarily jubilant. This is due to the brahma-bhūta situation.

VERSE 4.30.21

maitreya uvāca

evaṁ bruvāṇaṁ puruṣārtha-bhājanaṁ
janārdanaṁ prāñjalayaḥ pracetasaḥ
tad-darśana-dhvasta-tamo-rajo-malā
girāgṛṇan gadgadayā suhṛttamam

SYNONYMS

maitreyaḥ uvāca — Maitreya said; evam — thus; bruvāṇam — speaking; puruṣa-artha — of the ultimate goal of life; bhājanam — the bestower; jana-ardanam — who takes away all the disadvantages of the devotee; prāñjalayaḥ — with folded hands; pracetasaḥ — the Pracetā brothers; tat — Him; darśana — by seeing; dhvasta — dissipated; tamaḥ — of darkness; rajaḥ — of passion; malāḥ — whose contamination; girā — with a voice; agṛṇan — offered prayers; gadgadayā — faltering; suhṛt-tamam — unto the greatest of all friends.

TRANSLATION

The great sage Maitreya said: After the Personality of Godhead spoke thus, the Pracetās began to offer Him prayers. The Lord is the bestower of all success in life and is the supreme benefactor. He is also the supreme friend who takes away all miserable conditions experienced by a devotee. In a faltering voice, due to ecstasy, the Pracetās began to offer prayers. They were purified by the presence of the Lord, who was before them face to face.

VERSE 4.30.22

pracetasa ūcuḥ

namo namaḥ kleśa-vināśanāya
nirūpitodāra-guṇāhvayāya
mano-vaco-vega-puro-javāya
sarvākṣa-mārgair agatādhvane namaḥ

SYNONYMS

pracetasaḥ ūcuḥ — the Pracetās said; namaḥ — obeisances; namaḥ — obeisances; kleśa — material distress; vināśanāya — unto one who destroys; nirūpita — settled; udāra — magnanimous; guṇa — qualities; āhvayāya — whose name; manaḥ — of the mind; vacaḥ — of speech; vega — the speed; puraḥ — before; javāya — whose speed; sarva-akṣa — of all material senses; mārgaiḥ — by the paths; agata — not perceivable; adhvane — whose course; namaḥ — we offer our respects.

TRANSLATION

The Pracetās spoke as follows: Dear Lord, You relieve all kinds of material distress. Your magnanimous transcendental qualities and holy name are all-auspicious. This conclusion is already settled. You can go faster than the speed of mind and words. You cannot be perceived by material senses. We therefore offer You respectful obeisances again and again.

VERSE 4.30.23

śuddhāya śāntāya namaḥ sva-niṣṭhayā
manasy apārthaṁ vilasad-dvayāya
namo jagat-sthāna-layodayeṣu
gṛhīta-māyā-guṇa-vigrahāya

SYNONYMS

śuddhāya — unto the unadulterated; śāntāya — unto the most peaceful; namaḥ — we offer our obeisances; sva-niṣṭhayā — by being situated in one’s position; manasi — in the mind; apārtham — without any meaning; vilasat — appearing; dvayāya — in whom the dual world; namaḥ — obeisances; jagat — of the cosmic manifestation; sthāna — maintenance; laya — annihilation; udayeṣu — and for creation; gṛhīta — accepted; māyā — material; guṇa — of the modes of nature; vigrahāya — the forms.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, we beg to offer our obeisances unto You. When the mind is fixed upon You, the world of duality, although a place for material enjoyment, appears meaningless. Your transcendental form is full of transcendental bliss. We therefore offer our respects unto You. Your appearances as Lord Brahmā, Lord Viṣṇu and Lord Śiva are meant for the purpose of creating, maintaining and annihilating this cosmic manifestation.

VERSE 4.30.24

namo viśuddha-sattvāya
haraye hari-medhase
vāsudevāya kṛṣṇāya
prabhave sarva-sātvatām

SYNONYMS

namaḥ — obeisances; viśuddha-sattvāya — unto You, whose existence is free from all material influence; haraye — who takes away all miserable conditions of devotees; hari-medhase — whose brain works only for the deliverance of the conditioned soul; vāsudevāya — the all-pervading Supreme Personality of Godhead; kṛṣṇāya — unto Kṛṣṇa; prabhave — who increases the influence; sarva-sātvatām — of all kinds of devotees.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, we offer our respectful obeisances unto You because Your existence is completely independent of all material influences. Your Lordship always takes away the devotee’s miserable conditions, for Your brain plans how to do so. You live everywhere as Paramātmā; therefore You are known as Vāsudeva. You also accept Vasudeva as Your father, and You are celebrated by the name Kṛṣṇa. You are so kind that You always increase the influence of all kinds of devotees.

VERSE 4.30.25

namaḥ kamala-nābhāya
namaḥ kamala-māline
namaḥ kamala-pādāya
namas te kamalekṣaṇa

SYNONYMS

namaḥ — we offer our respectful obeisances; kamala-nābhāya — unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead, from whose abdomen the original lotus flower originated; namaḥ — obeisances; kamala-māline — who is always decorated with a garland of lotus flowers; namaḥ — obeisances; kamala-pādāya — whose feet are as beautiful and fragrant as the lotus flower; namaḥ te — obeisances unto You; kamala-īkṣaṇa — whose eyes are exactly like the petals of the lotus flower.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, we offer our respectful obeisances unto You because from Your abdomen sprouts the lotus flower, the origin of all living entities. You are always decorated with a lotus garland, and Your feet resemble the lotus flower with all its fragrance. Your eyes are also like the petals of a lotus flower. Therefore we always offer our respectful obeisances unto You.

VERSE 4.30.26

namaḥ kamala-kiñjalka-
piśaṅgāmala-vāsase
sarva-bhūta-nivāsāya
namo ’yuṅkṣmahi sākṣiṇe

SYNONYMS

namaḥ — obeisances; kamala-kiñjalka — like the saffron in a lotus flower; piśaṅga — yellowish; amala — spotless; vāsase — unto Him whose garment; sarva-bhūta — of all living entities; nivāsāya — the shelter; namaḥ — obeisances; ayuṅkṣmahi — let us offer; sākṣiṇe — unto the supreme witness.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, the garment You have put on is yellowish in color, like the saffron of a lotus flower, but it is not made of anything material. Since You live in everyone’s heart, You are the direct witness of all the activities of all living entities. We offer our respectful obeisances unto You again and again.

VERSE 4.30.27

rūpaṁ bhagavatā tv etad
aśeṣa-kleśa-saṅkṣayam
āviṣkṛtaṁ naḥ kliṣṭānāṁ
kim anyad anukampitam

SYNONYMS

rūpam — form; bhagavatā — by Your Lordship; tu — but; etat — this; aśeṣa — unlimited; kleśa — miseries; saṅkṣayam — which dissipates; āviṣkṛtam — revealed; naḥ — of us; kliṣṭānām — who are suffering from material conditions; kim anyat — what to speak of; anukampitam — those to whom You are always favorably disposed.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, we conditioned souls are always covered by ignorance in the bodily conception of life. We therefore always prefer the miserable conditions of material existence. To deliver us from these miserable conditions, You have advented Yourself in this transcendental form. This is evidence of Your unlimited causeless mercy upon those of us who are suffering in this way. Then what to speak of the devotees to whom You are always so favorably disposed?

VERSE 4.30.28

etāvat tvaṁ hi vibhubhir
bhāvyaṁ dīneṣu vatsalaiḥ
yad anusmaryate kāle
sva-buddhyābhadra-randhana

SYNONYMS

etāvat — thus; tvam — Your Lordship; hi — certainly; vibhubhiḥ — by expansions; bhāvyam — to be conceived; dīneṣu — unto the humble devotees; vatsalaiḥ — compassionate; yat — which; anusmaryate — is always remembered; kāle — in due course of time; sva-buddhyā — by one’s devotional service; abhadra-randhana — O killer of all inauspiciousness.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, You are the killer of all inauspicious things. You are compassionate upon Your poor devotees through the expansion of Your arcā-vigraha. You should certainly think of us as Your eternal servants.

VERSE 4.30.29

yenopaśāntir bhūtānāṁ
kṣullakānām apīhatām
antarhito ’ntar-hṛdaye
kasmān no veda nāśiṣaḥ

SYNONYMS

yena — by which process; upaśāntiḥ — satisfaction of all desires; bhūtānām — of the living entities; kṣullakānām — very much fallen; api — although; īhatām — desiring many things; antarhitaḥ — hidden; antaḥ-hṛdaye — in the core of the heart; kasmāt — why; naḥ — our; veda — He knows; na — not; āśiṣaḥ — desires.

TRANSLATION

When the Lord, out of His natural compassion, thinks of His devotee, by that process only are all desires of the neophyte devotee fulfilled. The Lord is situated in every living entity’s heart, although the living entity may be very insignificant. The Lord knows everything about the living entity, including all his desires. Although we are very insignificant, why should the Lord not know our desires?

VERSE 4.30.30

asāv eva varo ’smākam
īpsito jagataḥ pate
prasanno bhagavān yeṣām
apavarga-gurur gatiḥ

SYNONYMS

asau — that; eva — certainly; varaḥ — benediction; asmākam — our; īpsitaḥ — desired; jagataḥ — of the universe; pate — O Lord; prasannaḥ — satisfied; bhagavān — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; yeṣām — with whom; apavarga — of transcendental loving service; guruḥ — the teacher; gatiḥ — the ultimate goal of life.

TRANSLATION

O Lord of the universe, You are the actual teacher of the science of devotional service. We are satisfied that Your Lordship is the ultimate goal of our life, and we pray that You will be satisfied with us. That is our benediction. We do not desire anything other than Your full satisfaction.

VERSE 4.30.31

varaṁ vṛṇīmahe ’thāpi
nātha tvat parataḥ parāt
na hy antas tvad-vibhūtīnāṁ
so ’nanta iti gīyase

SYNONYMS

varam — benediction; vṛṇīmahe — we shall pray for; atha api — therefore; nātha — O Lord; tvat — from You; parataḥ parāt — beyond the transcendence; na — not; hi — certainly; antaḥ — end; tvat — Your; vibhūtīnām — of opulences; saḥ — You; anantaḥ — unlimited; iti — thus; gīyase — are celebrated.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, we shall therefore pray for Your benediction because You are the Supreme, beyond all transcendence, and because there is no end to Your opulences. Consequently, You are celebrated by the name Ananta.

VERSE 4.30.32

pārijāte ’ñjasā labdhe
sāraṅgo ’nyan na sevate
tvad-aṅghri-mūlam āsādya
sākṣāt kiṁ kiṁ vṛṇīmahi

SYNONYMS

pārijāte — the celestial tree known as pārijāta; añjasā — completely; labdhe — having achieved; sāraṅgaḥ — a bee; anyat — other; na sevate — does not resort to; tvat-aṅghri — Your lotus feet; mūlam — the root of everything; āsādya — having approached; sākṣāt — directly; kim — what; kim — what; vṛṇīmahi — may we ask.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, when the bee approaches the celestial tree called the pārijāta, it certainly does not leave the tree, because there is no need for such action. Similarly, when we have approached Your lotus feet and taken shelter of them, what further benediction may we ask of You?

VERSE 4.30.33

yāvat te māyayā spṛṣṭā
bhramāma iha karmabhiḥ
tāvad bhavat-prasaṅgānāṁ
saṅgaḥ syān no bhave bhave

SYNONYMS

yāvat — as long as; te — Your; māyayā — by the illusory energy; spṛṣṭāḥ — contaminated; bhramāmaḥ — we wander; iha — in this material world; karmabhiḥ — by the reaction of fruitive activities; tāvat — so long; bhavat-prasaṅgānām — of Your loving devotees; saṅgaḥ — association; syāt — let there be; naḥ — our; bhave bhave — in every species of life.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, as long as we have to remain within this material world due to our material contamination and wander from one type of body to another and from one planet to another, we pray that we may associate with those who are engaged in discussing Your pastimes. We pray for this benediction life after life, in different bodily forms and on different planets.

VERSE 4.30.34

tulayāma lavenāpi
na svargaṁ nāpunar-bhavam
bhagavat-saṅgi-saṅgasya
martyānāṁ kim utāśiṣaḥ

SYNONYMS

tulayāma — we compare; lavena — with a moment; api — even; na — not; svargam — attainment of the heavenly planets; na — not; apunaḥ-bhavam — merging into the Brahman effulgence; bhagavat — of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; saṅgi — with associates; saṅgasya — of association; martyānām — of persons who are destined to die; kim uta — how much less; āśiṣaḥ — benedictions.

TRANSLATION

Even a moment’s association with a pure devotee cannot be compared to being transferred to heavenly planets or even merging into the Brahman effulgence in complete liberation. For living entities who are destined to give up the body and die, association with pure devotees is the highest benediction.

VERSE 4.30.35

yatreḍyante kathā mṛṣṭās
tṛṣṇāyāḥ praśamo yataḥ
nirvairaṁ yatra bhūteṣu
nodvego yatra kaścana

SYNONYMS

yatra — where; īḍyante — are worshiped or discussed; kathāḥ — words; mṛṣṭāḥ — pure; tṛṣṇāyāḥ — of material hankerings; praśamaḥ — satisfaction; yataḥ — by which; nirvairam — nonenviousness; yatra — where; bhūteṣu — among living entities; na — not; udvegaḥ — fear; yatra — where; kaścana — any.

TRANSLATION

Whenever pure topics of the transcendental world are discussed, the members of the audience forget all kinds of material hankerings, at least for the time being. Not only that, but they are no longer envious of one another, nor do they suffer from anxiety or fear.

VERSE 4.30.36

yatra nārāyaṇaḥ sākṣād
bhagavān nyāsināṁ gatiḥ
saṁstūyate sat-kathāsu
mukta-saṅgaiḥ punaḥ punaḥ

SYNONYMS

yatra — where; nārāyaṇaḥ — Lord Nārāyaṇa; sākṣāt — directly; bhagavān — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; nyāsinām — of persons in the renounced order of life; gatiḥ — the ultimate goal; saṁstūyate — is worshiped; sat-kathāsu — by discussing the transcendental vibration; mukta-saṅgaiḥ — by those who are liberated from material contamination; punaḥ punaḥ — again and again.

TRANSLATION

The Supreme Lord, Nārāyaṇa, is present among devotees who are engaged in hearing and chanting the holy name of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Lord Nārāyaṇa is the ultimate goal of sannyāsīs, those in the renounced order of life, and Nārāyaṇa is worshiped through this saṅkīrtana movement by those who are liberated from material contamination. Indeed, they recite the holy name again and again.

VERSE 4.30.37

teṣāṁ vicaratāṁ padbhyāṁ
tīrthānāṁ pāvanecchayā
bhītasya kiṁ na roceta
tāvakānāṁ samāgamaḥ

SYNONYMS

teṣām — of them; vicaratām — who travel; padbhyām — by their feet; tīrthānām — the holy places; pāvana-icchayā — with a desire to purify; bhītasya — to the materialistic person who is always fearful; kim — why; na — not; roceta — becomes pleasing; tāvakānām — of Your devotees; samāgamaḥ — meeting.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, Your personal associates, devotees, wander all over the world to purify even the holy places of pilgrimage. Is not such activity pleasing to those who are actually afraid of material existence?

VERSE 4.30.38

vayaṁ tu sākṣād bhagavan bhavasya
priyasya sakhyuḥ kṣaṇa-saṅgamena
suduścikitsyasya bhavasya mṛtyor
bhiṣaktamaṁ tvādya gatiṁ gatāḥ sma

SYNONYMS

vayam — we; tu — then; sākṣāt — directly; bhagavan — O Lord; bhavasya — of Lord Śiva; priyasya — very dear; sakhyuḥ — Your friend; kṣaṇa — for a moment; saṅgamena — by association; suduścikitsyasya — very difficult to cure; bhavasya — of material existence; mṛtyoḥ — of death; bhiṣak-tamam — the most expert physician; tvā — You; adya — today; gatim — destination; gatāḥ — have achieved; sma — certainly.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, by virtue of a moment’s association with Lord Śiva, who is very dear to You and who is Your most intimate friend, we were fortunate to attain You. You are the most expert physician, capable of treating the incurable disease of material existence. On account of our great fortune, we have been able to take shelter at Your lotus feet.

VERSE 4.30.39-40

yan naḥ svadhītaṁ guravaḥ prasāditā
viprāś ca vṛddhāś ca sad-ānuvṛttyā
āryā natāḥ suhṛdo bhrātaraś ca
sarvāṇi bhūtāny anasūyayaiva

yan naḥ sutaptaṁ tapa etad īśa
nirandhasāṁ kālam adabhram apsu
sarvaṁ tad etat puruṣasya bhūmno
vṛṇīmahe te paritoṣaṇāya

śrī-bhagavān uvāca

SYNONYMS

yat — what; naḥ — by us; svadhītam — studied; guravaḥ — superior persons, spiritual masters; prasāditāḥ — satisfied; viprāḥ — the brāhmaṇas; ca — and; vṛddhāḥ — those who are elderly; ca — and; sat-ānuvṛttyā — by our gentle behavior; āryāḥ — those who are advanced in spiritual knowledge; natāḥ — were offered obeisances; su-hṛdaḥ — friends; bhrātaraḥ — brothers; ca — and; sarvāṇi — all; bhūtāni — living entities; anasūyayā — without envy; eva — certainly; yat — what; naḥ — of us; su-taptam — severe; tapaḥ — penance; etat — this; īśa — O Lord; nirandhasām — without taking any food; kālam — time; adabhram — for a long duration; apsu — within the water; sarvam — all; tat — that; etat — this; puruṣasya — of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; bhūmnaḥ — the most exalted; vṛṇīmahe — we want this benediction; te — of You; paritoṣaṇāya — for the satisfaction.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, we have studied the Vedas, accepted a spiritual master and offered respect to brāhmaṇas, advanced devotees and aged personalities who are spiritually very advanced. We have offered our respects to them, and we have not been envious of any brother, friends or anyone else. We have also undergone severe austerities within the water and have not taken food for a long time. All these spiritual assets of ours are simply offered for Your satisfaction. We pray for this benediction only, and nothing more.

VERSE 4.30.41

manuḥ svayambhūr bhagavān bhavaś ca
ye ’nye tapo-jñāna-viśuddha-sattvāḥ
adṛṣṭa-pārā api yan-mahimnaḥ
stuvanty atho tvātma-samaṁ gṛṇīmaḥ

SYNONYMS

manuḥ — Svāyambhuva Manu; svayambhūḥ — Lord Brahmā; bhagavān — the most powerful; bhavaḥ — Lord Śiva; ca — also; ye — who; anye — others; tapaḥ — by austerity; jñāna — by knowledge; viśuddha — pure; sattvāḥ — whose existence; adṛṣṭa-pārāḥ — who cannot see the end; api — although; yat — Your; mahimnaḥ — of glories; stuvanti — they offer prayers; atho — therefore; tvā — unto You; ātma-samam — according to capacity; gṛṇīmaḥ — we offered prayers.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, even great yogīs and mystics who are very much advanced by virtue of austerities and knowledge and who have completely situated themselves in pure existence, as well as great personalities like Manu, Lord Brahmā and Lord Śiva, cannot fully understand Your glories and potencies. Nonetheless they have offered their prayers according to their own capacities. In the same way, we, although much lower than these personalities, also offer our prayers according to our own capability.

VERSE 4.30.42

namaḥ samāya śuddhāya
puruṣāya parāya ca
vāsudevāya sattvāya
tubhyaṁ bhagavate namaḥ

SYNONYMS

namaḥ — we offer our respectful obeisances; samāya — who is equal to everyone; śuddhāya — who is never contaminated by sinful activities; puruṣāya — unto the Supreme Person; parāya — transcendental; ca — also; vāsudevāya — living everywhere; sattvāya — who is in the transcendental position; tubhyam — unto You; bhagavate — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; namaḥ — obeisances.

TRANSLATION

Dear Lord, You have no enemies or friends. Therefore You are equal to everyone. You cannot be contaminated by sinful activities, and Your transcendental form is always beyond the material creation. You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead because You remain everywhere within all existence. You are consequently known as Vāsudeva. We offer You our respectful obeisances.

VERSE 4.30.43

maitreya uvāca

iti pracetobhir abhiṣṭuto hariḥ
prītas tathety āha śaraṇya-vatsalaḥ
anicchatāṁ yānam atṛpta-cakṣuṣāṁ
yayau sva-dhāmānapavarga-vīryaḥ

SYNONYMS

maitreyaḥ uvāca — Maitreya said; iti — thus; pracetobhiḥ — by the Pracetās; abhiṣṭutaḥ — being praised; hariḥ — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; prītaḥ — being pleased; tathā — so; iti — thus; āha — said; śaraṇya — to the surrendered souls; vatsalaḥ — affectionate; anicchatām — not desiring; yānam — His departure; atṛpta — not satisfied; cakṣuṣām — their eyes; yayau — He left; sva-dhāma — to His own abode; anapavarga-vīryaḥ — whose prowess is never defeated.

TRANSLATION

The great sage Maitreya continued: My dear Vidura, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the protector of surrendered souls, being thus addressed by the Pracetās and worshiped by them, replied, “May whatever you have prayed for be fulfilled.” After saying this, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose prowess is never defeated, left. The Pracetās were unwilling to be separated from Him because they had not seen Him to their full satisfaction.

VERSE 4.30.44

atha niryāya salilāt
pracetasa udanvataḥ
vīkṣyākupyan drumaiś channāṁ
gāṁ gāṁ roddhum ivocchritaiḥ

SYNONYMS

atha — thereafter; niryāya — after coming out; salilāt — from the water; pracetasaḥ — all the Pracetās; udanvataḥ — of the sea; vīkṣya — having observed; akupyan — became very angry; drumaiḥ — by trees; channām — covered; gām — the world; gām — the heavenly planets; roddhum — to obstruct; iva — as if; ucchritaiḥ — very tall.

TRANSLATION

Thereafter all the Pracetās emerged from the waters of the sea. They then saw that all the trees on land had grown very tall, as if to obstruct the path to the heavenly planets. These trees had covered the entire surface of the world. At this time the Pracetās became very angry.

VERSE 4.30.45

tato ’gni-mārutau rājann
amuñcan mukhato ruṣā
mahīṁ nirvīrudhaṁ kartuṁ
saṁvartaka ivātyaye

SYNONYMS

tataḥ — thereafter; agni — fire; mārutau — and air; rājan — O King; amuñcan — they emitted; mukhataḥ — from their mouths; ruṣā — out of anger; mahīm — the earth; nirvīrudham — treeless; kartum — to make; saṁvartakaḥ — the fire of devastation; iva — like; atyaye — at the time of devastation.

TRANSLATION

My dear King, at the time of devastation, Lord Śiva emits fire and air from his mouth out of anger. To make the surface of the earth completely treeless, the Pracetās also emitted fire and air from their mouths.

VERSE 4.30.46

bhasmasāt kriyamāṇāṁs tān
drumān vīkṣya pitāmahaḥ
āgataḥ śamayām āsa
putrān barhiṣmato nayaiḥ

SYNONYMS

bhasmasāt — into ashes; kriyamāṇān — being made; tān — all of them; drumān — the trees; vīkṣya — seeing; pitāmahaḥ — Lord Brahmā; āgataḥ — came there; śamayām āsa — pacified; putrān — the sons; barhiṣmataḥ — of King Barhiṣmān; nayaiḥ — by logic.

TRANSLATION

After seeing that all the trees on the surface of the earth were being turned to ashes, Lord Brahmā immediately came to the sons of King Barhiṣmān and pacified them with words of logic.

VERSE 4.30.47

tatrāvaśiṣṭā ye vṛkṣā
bhītā duhitaraṁ tadā
ujjahrus te pracetobhya
upadiṣṭāḥ svayambhuvā

SYNONYMS

tatra — there; avaśiṣṭāḥ — remaining; ye — which; vṛkṣāḥ — trees; bhītāḥ — being afraid; duhitaram — their daughter; tadā — at that time; ujjahruḥ — delivered; te — they; pracetobhyaḥ — unto the Pracetās; upadiṣṭāḥ — being advised; svayambhuvā — by Lord Brahmā.

TRANSLATION

The remaining trees, being very much afraid of the Pracetās, immediately delivered their daughter at the advice of Lord Brahmā.

VERSE 4.30.48

te ca brahmaṇa ādeśān
māriṣām upayemire
yasyāṁ mahad-avajñānād
ajany ajana-yonijaḥ

SYNONYMS

te — all the Pracetās; ca — also; brahmaṇaḥ — of Lord Brahmā; ādeśāt — by the order; māriṣām — Māriṣā; upayemire — married; yasyām — in whom; mahat — to a great personality; avajñānāt — on account of disrespect; ajani — took birth; ajana-yoni-jaḥ — the son of Lord Brahmā, Dakṣa.

TRANSLATION

Following the order of Lord Brahmā, all the Pracetās accepted the girl as their wife. From the womb of this girl, the son of Lord Brahmā named Dakṣa took birth. Dakṣa had to take birth from the womb of Māriṣā due to his disobeying and disrespecting Lord Mahādeva [Śiva]. Consequently he had to give up his body twice.

VERSE 4.30.49

cākṣuṣe tv antare prāpte
prāk-sarge kāla-vidrute
yaḥ sasarja prajā iṣṭāḥ
sa dakṣo daiva-coditaḥ

SYNONYMS

cākṣuṣe — named Cākṣuṣa; tu — but; antare — the manvantara; prāpte — when it happened; prāk — previous; sarge — creation; kāla-vidrute — destroyed in due course of time; yaḥ — one who; sasarja — created; prajāḥ — living entities; iṣṭāḥ — desirable; saḥ — he; dakṣaḥ — Dakṣa; daiva — by the Supreme Personality of Godhead; coditaḥ — inspired.

TRANSLATION

His previous body had been destroyed, but he, the same Dakṣa, inspired by the supreme will, created all the desired living entities in the Cākṣuṣa manvantara.

VERSE 4.30.50-51

yo jāyamānaḥ sarveṣāṁ
tejas tejasvināṁ rucā
svayopādatta dākṣyāc ca
karmaṇāṁ dakṣam abruvan

taṁ prajā-sarga-rakṣāyām
anādir abhiṣicya ca
yuyoja yuyuje ’nyāṁś ca
sa vai sarva-prajāpatīn

SYNONYMS

yaḥ — one who; jāyamānaḥ — just after his birth; sarveṣām — of all; tejaḥ — the brilliance; tejasvinām — brilliant; rucā — by effulgence; svayā — his; upādatta — covered; dākṣyāt — from being expert; ca — and; karmaṇām — in fruitive activities; dakṣam — Dakṣa; abruvan — was called; tam — him; prajā — living beings; sarga — generating; rakṣāyām — in the matter of maintaining; anādiḥ — the firstborn, Lord Brahmā; abhiṣicya — having appointed; ca — also; yuyoja — engaged; yuyuje — engaged; anyān — others; ca — and; saḥ — he; vai — certainly; sarva — all; prajā-patīn — progenitors of living entities.

TRANSLATION

After being born, Dakṣa, by the superexcellence of his bodily luster, covered all others’ bodily opulence. Because he was very expert in performing fruitive activity, he was called by the name Dakṣa, meaning “the very expert.” Lord Brahmā therefore engaged Dakṣa in the work of generating living entities and maintaining them. In due course of time, Dakṣa also engaged other Prajāpatis [progenitors] in the process of generation and maintenance.