Śrīmad Bhāgavatam |Canto 3 Chapter 7
Further Inquiries by Vidura
evaṁ bruvāṇaṁ maitreyaṁ
prīṇayann iva bhāratyā
śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; evam — thus; bruvāṇam — speaking; maitreyam — unto the sage Maitreya; dvaipāyana-sutaḥ — the son of Dvaipāyana; budhaḥ — learned; prīṇayan — in a pleasing manner; iva — as it was; bhāratyā — in the manner of a request; viduraḥ — Vidura; pratyabhāṣata — expressed.
Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: O King, while Maitreya, the great sage, was thus speaking, Vidura, the learned son of Dvaipāyana Vyāsa, expressed a request in a pleasing manner by asking this question.
brahman kathaṁ bhagavataś
līlayā cāpi yujyeran
nirguṇasya guṇāḥ kriyāḥ
viduraḥ uvāca — Vidura said; brahman — O brāhmaṇa; katham — how; bhagavataḥ — of the Personality of Godhead; cit-mātrasya — of the complete spiritual whole; avikāriṇaḥ — of the unchangeable; līlayā — by His pastime; ca — either; api — even though it is so; yujyeran — take place; nirguṇasya — who is without the modes of nature; guṇāḥ — modes of nature; kriyāḥ — activities.
Śrī Vidura said: O great brāhmaṇa, since the Supreme Personality of Godhead is the complete spiritual whole and is unchangeable, how is He connected with the material modes of nature and their activities? If this is His pastime, how do the activities of the unchangeable take place and exhibit qualities without the modes of nature?
krīḍāyām udyamo ’rbhasya
svatas-tṛptasya ca kathaṁ
krīḍāyām — in the matter of playing; udyamaḥ — enthusiasm; arbhasya — of the boys; kāmaḥ — desire; cikrīḍiṣā — willingness to play; anyataḥ — with other boys; svataḥ-tṛptasya — for one who is self-satisfied; ca — also; katham — what for; nivṛttasya — one who is detached; sadā — at all times; anyataḥ — otherwise.
Boys are enthusiastic to play with other boys or with various diversions because they are encouraged by desire. But there is no possibility of such desire for the Lord because He is self-satisfied and detached from everything at all times.
asrākṣīd bhagavān viśvaṁ
tayā saṁsthāpayaty etad
asrākṣīt — caused to create; bhagavān — the Personality of Godhead; viśvam — the universe; guṇa-mayyā — endowed with three modes of material nature; ātma — self; māyayā — by the potency; tayā — by her; saṁsthāpayati — maintains; etat — all these; bhūyaḥ — then again; praty-apidhāsyati — conversely dissolves also.
By His self-sheltered potency of the three modes of material nature, the Lord has caused the creation of this universe. By her He maintains the creation and conversely dissolves it, again and again.
deśataḥ kālato yo ’sāv
avasthātaḥ svato ’nyataḥ
sa yujyetājayā katham
deśataḥ — circumstantial; kālataḥ — by the influence of time; yaḥ — one who; asau — the living entity; avasthātaḥ — by situation; svataḥ — by dream; anyataḥ — by others; avilupta — extinct; avabodha — consciousness; ātmā — pure self; saḥ — he; yujyeta — engaged; ajayā — with nescience; katham — how is it so.
The pure soul is pure consciousness and is never out of consciousness, either due to circumstances, time, situations, dreams or other causes. How then does he become engaged in nescience?
bhagavān eka evaiṣa
amuṣya durbhagatvaṁ vā
kleśo vā karmabhiḥ kutaḥ
bhagavān — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; ekaḥ — alone; eva eṣaḥ — all these; sarva — all; kṣetreṣu — in the living entities; avasthitaḥ — situated; amuṣya — of the living entities; durbhagatvam — misfortune; vā — either; kleśaḥ — miseries; vā — or; karmabhiḥ — by activities; kutaḥ — what for.
The Lord, as the Supersoul, is situated in every living being’s heart. Why then do the living entities’ activities result in misfortune and misery?
etasmin me mano vidvan
tan naḥ parāṇuda vibho
kaśmalaṁ mānasaṁ mahat
etasmin — in this; me — my; manaḥ — mind; vidvan — O learned one; khidyate — is troubling; ajñāna — nescience; saṅkaṭe — in distress; tat — therefore; naḥ — my; parāṇuda — clear up; vibho — O great one; kaśmalam — illusion; mānasam — relating to the mind; mahat — great.
O great and learned one, my mind is greatly illusioned by the distress of this nescience, and I therefore request you to clear it up.
sa itthaṁ coditaḥ kṣattrā
smayann iva gata-smayaḥ
śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; saḥ — he (Maitreya Muni); ittham — in this way; coditaḥ — being agitated; kṣattrā — by Vidura; tattva-jijñāsunā — by one who was anxious to inquire to know the truth; muniḥ — the great sage; pratyāha — replied; bhagavat-cittaḥ — God conscious; smayan — wondering; iva — as if; gata-smayaḥ — without hesitation.
Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: O King, Maitreya, being thus agitated by the inquisitive Vidura, at first seemed astonished, but then he replied to him without hesitation, since he was fully God conscious.
seyaṁ bhagavato māyā
yan nayena virudhyate
kārpaṇyam uta bandhanam
maitreyaḥ uvāca — Maitreya said; sā iyam — such a statement; bhagavataḥ — of the Personality of Godhead; māyā — illusion; yat — that which; nayena — by logic; virudhyate — becomes contradictory; īśvarasya — of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; vimuktasya — of the ever liberated; kārpaṇyam — insufficiency; uta — as also, what to speak of; bandhanam — bondage.
Śrī Maitreya said: Certain conditioned souls put forward the theory that the Supreme Brahman, or the Personality of Godhead, is overcome by illusion, or māyā, and at the same time they maintain that He is unconditioned. This is against all logic.
yad arthena vināmuṣya
yat — thus; arthena — a purpose or meaning; vinā — without; amuṣya — of such a one; puṁsaḥ — of the living entity; ātma-viparyayaḥ — upset about self-identification; pratīyate — so appear; upadraṣṭuḥ — of the superficial onlooker; sva-śiraḥ — own head; chedana-ādikaḥ — cutting off.
The living entity is in distress regarding his self-identity. He has no factual background, like a man who dreams that he sees his head cut off.
yathā jale candramasaḥ
kampādis tat-kṛto guṇaḥ
dṛśyate ’sann api draṣṭur
ātmano ’nātmano guṇaḥ
yathā — as; jale — in the water; candramasaḥ — of the moon; kampa-ādiḥ — quivering, etc; tat-kṛtaḥ — done by the water; guṇaḥ — quality; dṛśyate — it is so seen; asan api — without existence; draṣṭuḥ — of the seer; ātmanaḥ — of the self; anātmanaḥ — of other than the self; guṇaḥ — quality.
As the moon reflected on water appears to the seer to tremble due to being associated with the quality of the water, so the self associated with matter appears to be qualified as matter.
sa vai nivṛtti-dharmeṇa
tirodhatte śanair iha
saḥ — that; vai — also; nivṛtti — detachment; dharmeṇa — by engagement; vāsudeva — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; anukampayā — by the mercy of; bhagavat — in relation with the Personality of Godhead; bhakti-yogena — by linking up; tirodhatte — diminishes; śanaiḥ — gradually; iha — in this existence.
But that misconception of self-identity can be diminished gradually by the mercy of the Personality of Godhead, Vāsudeva, through the process of devotional service to the Lord in the mode of detachment.
draṣṭrātmani pare harau
vilīyante tadā kleśāḥ
yadā — when; indriya — senses; uparāmaḥ — satiated; atha — thus; draṣṭṛ-ātmani — unto the seer, the Supersoul; pare — in the Transcendence; harau — unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead; vilīyante — become merged in; tadā — at that time; kleśāḥ — miseries; saṁsuptasya — one who has enjoyed sound sleep; iva — like; kṛtsnaśaḥ — completely.
When the senses are satisfied in the seer-Supersoul, the Personality of Godhead, and merge in Him, all miseries are completely vanquished, as after a sound sleep.
kiṁ vā punas tac-caraṇāravinda-
aśeṣa — unlimited; saṅkleśa — miserable conditions; śamam — cessation; vidhatte — can perform; guṇa-anuvāda — of the transcendental name, form, qualities, pastimes, entourage and paraphernalia, etc; śravaṇam — hearing and chanting; murāreḥ — of Murāri (Śrī Kṛṣṇa), the Personality of Godhead; kim vā — what to speak of; punaḥ — again; tat — His; caraṇa-aravinda — lotus feet; parāga-sevā — to the service of the flavorful dust; ratiḥ — attraction; ātma-labdhā — those who have gained such self-achievement.
Simply by chanting and hearing of the transcendental name, form, etc., of the Personality of Godhead, Śrī Kṛṣṇa, one can achieve the cessation of unlimited miserable conditions. Therefore what to speak of those who have attained attraction for serving the flavor of the dust of the Lord’s lotus feet?
sañchinnaḥ saṁśayo mahyaṁ
tava sūktāsinā vibho
mano me sampradhāvati
viduraḥ uvāca — Vidura said; sañchinnaḥ — cut off; saṁśayaḥ — doubts; mahyam — unto me; tava — your; sūkta-asinā — by the weapon of convincing words; vibho — O my lord; ubhayatra api — both in God and in the living entity; bhagavan — O powerful one; manaḥ — mind; me — my; sampradhāvati — perfectly entering.
Vidura said: O powerful sage, my lord, all my doubts about the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the living entities have now been removed by your convincing words. My mind is now perfectly entering into them.
sādhv etad vyāhṛtaṁ vidvan
ābhāty apārthaṁ nirmūlaṁ
viśva-mūlaṁ na yad bahiḥ
sādhu — as good as it should be; etat — all these explanations; vyāhṛtam — thus spoken; vidvan — O learned one; na — not; ātma — the self; māyā — energy; ayanam — movement; hareḥ — of the Personality of Godhead; ābhāti — appears; apārtham — without meaning; nirmūlam — without basis; viśva-mūlam — the origin is the Supreme; na — not; yat — which; bahiḥ — outside.
O learned sage, your explanations are very good, as they should be. Disturbances to the conditioned soul have no other basis than the movement of the external energy of the Lord.
yaś ca mūḍhatamo loke
yaś ca buddheḥ paraṁ gataḥ
tāv ubhau sukham edhete
kliśyaty antarito janaḥ
yaḥ — one who is; ca — also; mūḍha-tamaḥ — the lowest of the fools; loke — in the world; yaḥ ca — and one who is; buddheḥ — of intelligence; param — transcendental; gataḥ — gone; tau — of them; ubhau — both; sukham — happiness; edhete — enjoy; kliśyati — suffer; antaritaḥ — situated between; janaḥ — persons.
Both the lowest of fools and he who is transcendental to all intelligence enjoy happiness, whereas persons between them suffer the material pangs.
tāṁ cāpi yuṣmac-caraṇa-
artha-abhāvam — without substance; viniścitya — being ascertained; pratītasya — of the apparent values; api — also; na — never; ātmanaḥ — of the self; tām — that; ca — also; api — thus; yuṣmat — your; caraṇa — feet; sevayā — by service; aham — myself; parāṇude — shall be able to give up.
But, my dear sir, I am obliged to you because now I can understand that this material manifestation is without substance, although it appears real. I am confident that by serving your feet it will be possible for me to give up the false idea.
rati-rāso bhavet tīvraḥ
yat — to whom; sevayā — by service; bhagavataḥ — of the Personality of Godhead; kūṭa-sthasya — of the unchangeable; madhu-dviṣaḥ — the enemy of the Madhu asura; rati-rāsaḥ — attachment in different relationships; bhavet — develops; tīvraḥ — highly ecstatic; pādayoḥ — of the feet; vyasana — distresses; ardanaḥ — vanquishing.
By serving the feet of the spiritual master, one is enabled to develop transcendental ecstasy in the service of the Personality of Godhead, who is the unchangeable enemy of the Madhu demon and whose service vanquishes one’s material distresses.
durāpā hy alpa-tapasaḥ
durāpā — rarely obtainable; hi — certainly; alpa-tapasaḥ — of one whose austerity is meager; sevā — service; vaikuṇṭha — the transcendental kingdom of God; vartmasu — on the path of; yatra — wherein; upagīyate — is glorified; nityam — always; deva — of the demigods; devaḥ — the Lord; jana-ardanaḥ — the controller of the living entities.
Persons whose austerity is meager can hardly obtain the service of the pure devotees who are progressing on the path back to the kingdom of Godhead, the Vaikuṇṭhas. Pure devotees engage one hundred percent in glorifying the Supreme Lord, who is the Lord of the demigods and the controller of all living entities.
tebhyo virājam uddhṛtya
tam anu prāviśad vibhuḥ
sṛṣṭvā — after creating; agre — in the beginning; mahat-ādīni — the total material energy; sa-vikārāṇi — along with the sense organs; anukramāt — by a gradual process of differentiation; tebhyaḥ — out of that; virājam — the gigantic universal form; uddhṛtya — manifesting; tam — unto that; anu — later; prāviśat — entered; vibhuḥ — the Supreme.
After creating the total material energy, the mahat-tattva, and thereby manifesting the gigantic universal form with senses and sense organs, the Supreme Lord entered within it.
yam āhur ādyaṁ puruṣaṁ
yatra viśva ime lokāḥ
sa-vikāśaṁ ta āsate
yam — who; āhuḥ — is called; ādyam — original; puruṣam — incarnation for cosmic manifestation; sahasra — thousand; aṅghri — legs; ūru — thighs; bāhukam — hands; yatra — wherein; viśvaḥ — the universe; ime — all these; lokāḥ — planets; sa-vikāśam — with respective developments; te — all of them; āsate — living.
The puruṣa incarnation lying on the Causal Ocean is called the original puruṣa in the material creations, and in His virāṭ form, in whom all the planets and their inhabitants live, He has many thousands of legs and hands.
yasmin daśa-vidhaḥ prāṇaḥ
tvayerito yato varṇās
tad-vibhūtīr vadasva naḥ
yasmin — in which; daśa-vidhaḥ — ten kinds of; prāṇaḥ — air of life; sa — with; indriya — senses; artha — interest; indriyaḥ — of the senses; tri-vṛt — three kinds of life vigor; tvayā — by you; īritaḥ — explained; yataḥ — wherefrom; varṇāḥ — four specific divisions; tat-vibhūtīḥ — prowess; vadasva — please describe; naḥ — unto me.
O great brāhmaṇa, you have told me that the gigantic virāṭ form and His senses, sense objects and ten kinds of life air exist with three kinds of life vigor. Now, if you will, kindly explain to me the different powers of the specific divisions.
yatra putraiś ca pautraiś ca
naptṛbhiḥ saha gotrajaiḥ
āsan yābhir idaṁ tatam
yatra — wherein; putraiḥ — along with sons; ca — and; pautraiḥ — along with grandsons; ca — also; naptṛbhiḥ — with grandsons from daughters; saha — along with; gotra-jaiḥ — of the same family; prajāḥ — generations; vicitra — of different kinds; ākṛtayaḥ — so done; āsan — exist; yābhiḥ — by whom; idam — all these planets; tatam — spread.
O my lord, I think that the process manifest in the forms of sons, grandsons and family members has spread all over the universe in different varieties and species.
prajāpatīnāṁ sa patiś
cakḷpe kān prajāpatīn
sargāṁś caivānusargāṁś ca
prajā-patīnām — of the demigods like Brahmā and others; saḥ — he; patiḥ — leader; cakḷpe — decided; kān — whomsoever; prajāpatīn — fathers of the living entities; sargān — generations; ca — also; eva — certainly; anusargān — later generations; ca — and; manūn — the Manus; manvantara-adhipān — and the changes of such.
O learned brāhmaṇa, please describe how the leader of all the demigods, namely the Prajāpati, Brahmā, decided to establish the various Manus, the heads of the ages. Please describe the Manus also, and please describe the descendants of those Manus.
upary adhaś ca ye lokā
teṣāṁ saṁsthāṁ pramāṇaṁ ca
bhūr-lokasya ca varṇaya
upari — on the head; adhaḥ — underneath; ca — also; ye — which; lokāḥ — planets; bhūmeḥ — of the earth; mitra-ātmaja — O son of Mitrā (Maitreya Muni); āsate — do exist; teṣām — their; saṁsthām — situation; pramāṇam ca — also their measurement; bhūḥ-lokasya — of the earthly planets; ca — also; varṇaya — please describe.
O son of Mitrā, kindly describe how the planets are situated above the earth as well as underneath it, and also please mention their measurement as well as that of the earthly planets.
vada naḥ sarga-saṁvyūhaṁ
tiryak — subhuman; mānuṣa — human beings; devānām — of the superhuman beings, or demigods; sarīsṛpa — reptiles; patattriṇām — of the birds; vada — kindly describe; naḥ — unto me; sarga — generation; saṁvyūham — specific divisions; gārbha — embryonic; sveda — perspiration; dvija — twice-born; udbhidām — of the plants, etc.
Also please describe the living beings under different classifications: subhumans, humans, those born of the embryo, those born of perspiration, those who are twice-born [birds], and the plants and vegetables. Kindly describe their generations and subdivisions also.
guṇa — modes of material nature; avatāraiḥ — of the incarnations; viśvasya — of the universe; sarga — creation; sthiti — maintenance; apyaya — destruction; āśrayam — and ultimate rest; sṛjataḥ — of the one who creates; śrīnivāsasya — of the Personality of Godhead; vyācakṣva — kindly describe; udāra — magnanimous; vikramam — specific activities.
Please also describe the incarnations of the material modes of nature — Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara — and please describe the incarnation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and His magnanimous activities.
vedasya ca vikarṣaṇam
varṇa-āśrama — the four divisions of social statuses and orders of spiritual culture; vibhāgān — respective divisions; ca — also; rūpa — personal features; śīla-svabhāvataḥ — personal character; ṛṣīṇām — of the sages; janma — birth; karmāṇi — activities; vedasya — of the Vedas; ca — and; vikarṣaṇam — categorical divisions.
O great sage, kindly describe the divisions and orders of human society in terms of symptoms, behavior and the characteristics of mental equilibrium and sense control. Also please describe the births of the great sages and the categorical divisions of the Vedas.
yajñasya ca vitānāni
yogasya ca pathaḥ prabho
naiṣkarmyasya ca sāṅkhyasya
tantraṁ vā bhagavat-smṛtam
yajñasya — of sacrifices; ca — also; vitānāni — expansions; yogasya — of the mystic powers; ca — also; pathaḥ — ways; prabho — O my lord; naiṣkarmyasya — of knowledge; ca — and; sāṅkhyasya — of analytical studies; tantram — the path of devotional service; vā — as well as; bhagavat — in relation with the Personality of Godhead; smṛtam — regulative principles.
Please also describe the expansions of different sacrifices and the paths of mystic powers, analytical study of knowledge, and devotional service, all with their respective regulations.
jīvasya gatayo yāś ca
pāṣaṇḍa-patha — the path of the faithless; vaiṣamyam — imperfection by contradiction; pratiloma — crossbreeding; niveśanam — situation; jīvasya — of the living entities; gatayaḥ — movements; yāḥ — as they are; ca — also; yāvatīḥ — as many as; guṇa — modes of material nature; karma-jāḥ — generated by different work.
Please also describe the imperfections and contradictions of the faithless atheists, the situation of crossbreeding, and the movements of the living entities in various species of life according to their particular modes of nature and work.
vārtāyā daṇḍa-nīteś ca
śrutasya ca vidhiṁ pṛthak
dharma — religiosity; artha — economic development; kāma — sense gratification; mokṣāṇām — salvation; nimittāni — causes; avirodhataḥ — without being contradictory; vārtāyāḥ — on the principles of the means of livelihood; daṇḍa-nīteḥ — of law and order; ca — also; śrutasya — of the codes of scriptures; ca — also; vidhim — regulations; pṛthak — different.
You may also describe the noncontradictory causes of religiosity, economic development, sense gratification and salvation and also the different means of livelihood and different processes of law and order as mentioned in the revealed scriptures.
śrāddhasya ca vidhiṁ brahman
pitṝṇāṁ sargam eva ca
śrāddhasya — of the periodical offerings of respects; ca — also; vidhim — regulations; brahman — O brāhmaṇa; pitṝṇām — of the forefathers; sargam — creation; eva — as; ca — also; graha — planetary system; nakṣatra — the stars; tārāṇām — luminaries; kāla — time; avayava — duration; saṁsthitim — situations.
Please also explain the regulations for offering respects to the forefathers, the creation of the Pitṛloka, the time schedule in the planets, stars and luminaries, and their respective situations.
dānasya tapaso vāpi
yac ceṣṭā-pūrtayoḥ phalam
pravāsa-sthasya yo dharmo
yaś ca puṁsa utāpadi
dānasya — of charity; tapasaḥ — of penance; vāpi — lake; yat — that which; ca — and; iṣṭā — endeavor; pūrtayoḥ — of reservoirs of water; phalam — fruitive result; pravāsa-sthasya — one who is away from home; yaḥ — that which; dharmaḥ — duty; yaḥ ca — and which; puṁsaḥ — of man; uta — described; āpadi — in danger.
Please also describe the fruitive results of charity and penance and of digging reservoirs of water. Please describe the situation of persons who are away from home and also the duty of a man in an awkward position.
yena vā bhagavāṁs tuṣyed
samprasīdati vā yeṣām
etad ākhyāhi me ’nagha
yena — by which; vā — either; bhagavān — the Personality of Godhead; tuṣyet — is satisfied; dharma-yoniḥ — the father of all religion; janārdanaḥ — the controller of all living being; samprasīdati — completely satisfied; vā — either, or; yeṣām — of those; etat — all these; ākhyāhi — kindly describe; me — unto me; anagha — O sinless one.
O sinless one, because the Personality of Godhead, the controller of all living entities, is the father of all religion and all those who are candidates for religious activities, kindly describe how He can be completely satisfied.
putrāṇāṁ ca dvijottama
anāpṛṣṭam api brūyur
anuvratānām — the followers; śiṣyāṇām — of the disciples; putrāṇām — of the sons; ca — also; dvija-uttama — O best amongst the brāhmaṇas; anāpṛṣṭam — that which is not asked for; api — in spite of; brūyuḥ — please describe; guravaḥ — the spiritual masters; dīna-vatsalāḥ — who are kind to the needy.
O best among the brāhmaṇas, those who are spiritual masters are very kind to the needy. They are always kind to their followers, disciples and sons, and without being asked by them, the spiritual master describes all that is knowledge.
tattvānāṁ bhagavaṁs teṣāṁ
tatremaṁ ka upāsīran
ka u svid anuśerate
tattvānām — of the elements of nature; bhagavan — O great sage; teṣām — of them; katidhā — how many; pratisaṅkramaḥ — dissolutions; tatra — thereupon; imam — unto the Supreme Lord; ke — who are they; upāsīran — being saved; ke — who are they; u — who; svit — may; anuśerate — serve the Lord while He sleeps.
Please describe how many dissolutions there are for the elements of material nature and who survives after the dissolutions to serve the Lord while He is asleep.
puruṣasya ca saṁsthānaṁ
svarūpaṁ vā parasya ca
jñānaṁ ca naigamaṁ yat tad
puruṣasya — of the living entity; ca — also; saṁsthānam — existence; svarūpam — identity; vā — either, or; parasya — of the Supreme; ca — also; jñānam — knowledge; ca — also; naigamam — in the matter of the Upaniṣads; yat — that; tat — the same; guru — spiritual master; śiṣya — disciple; prayojanam — necessity.
What are the truths regarding the living entities and the Supreme Personality of Godhead? What are their identities? What are the specific values in the knowledge in the Vedas, and what are the necessities for the spiritual master and his disciples?
nimittāni ca tasyeha
svato jñānaṁ kutaḥ puṁsāṁ
bhaktir vairāgyam eva vā
nimittāni — the source of knowledge; ca — also; tasya — of such knowledge; iha — in this world; proktāni — mentioned; anagha — spotless; sūribhiḥ — by devotees; svataḥ — self-sufficient; jñānam — knowledge; kutaḥ — how; puṁsām — of the living entity; bhaktiḥ — devotional service; vairāgyam — detachment; eva — certainly; vā — also.
Spotless devotees of the Lord have mentioned the source of such knowledge. How could one have knowledge of devotional service and detachment without the help of such devotees?
etān me pṛcchataḥ praśnān
brūhi me ’jñasya mitratvād
etān — all these; me — my; pṛcchataḥ — of one who inquires; praśnān — questions; hareḥ — of the Supreme Lord; karma — pastimes; vivitsayā — desiring to know; brūhi — kindly describe; me — unto me; ajñasya — of one who is ignorant; mitratvāt — because of friendship; ajayā — by the external energy; naṣṭa-cakṣuṣaḥ — those who have lost their vision.
My dear sage, I have put all these questions before you with a view to knowing the pastimes of Hari, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. You are the friend of all, so kindly describe them for all those who have lost their vision.
sarve vedāś ca yajñāś ca
tapo dānāni cānagha
na kurvīran kalām api
sarve — all kinds of; vedāḥ — divisions of the Vedas; ca — also; yajñāḥ — sacrifices; ca — also; tapaḥ — penances; dānāni — charities; ca — and; anagha — O spotless one; jīva — the living entity; abhaya — immunity from material pangs; pradānasya — of one who gives such assurance; na — not; kurvīran — can he equalized; kalām — even partially; api — certainly.
O spotless one, your answers to all these questions will grant immunity from all material miseries. Such charity is greater than all Vedic charities, sacrifices, penances, etc.
sa ittham āpṛṣṭa-purāṇa-kalpaḥ
sañcoditas taṁ prahasann ivāha
śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; saḥ — he; ittham — thus; āpṛṣṭa — being questioned; purāṇa-kalpaḥ — one who knows how to explain the supplements of the Vedas (the Purāṇas); kuru-pradhānena — by the chief of the Kurus; muni-pradhānaḥ — the chief amongst the sages; pravṛddha — sufficiently enriched; harṣaḥ — satisfaction; bhagavat — the Personality of Godhead; kathāyām — in the topics of; sañcoditaḥ — being so infused; tam — unto Vidura; prahasan — with smiles; iva — like that; āha — replied.
Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Thus the chief of the sages, who was always enthusiastic about describing topics regarding the Personality of Godhead, began to narrate the descriptive explanation of the Purāṇas, being so infused by Vidura. He was very much enlivened by speaking on the transcendental activities of the Lord.