Śrīmad Bhāgavatam|Canto 10 Chapter 55

The History of Pradyumna

VERSE 10.55.1

śrī-śuka uvāca

kāmas tu vāsudevāṁśo
dagdhaḥ prāg rudra-manyunā
dehopapattaye bhūyas
tam eva pratyapadyata

SYNONYMS

śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; kāmaḥ — Cupid; tu — and; vāsudeva — of Lord Vāsudeva; aṁśaḥ — the expansion; dagdhaḥ — burned; prāk — previously; rudra — of Lord Śiva; manyunā — by the anger; deha — a body; upapattaye — in order to obtain; bhūyaḥ — again; tam — to Him, Lord Vāsudeva; eva — indeed; pratyapadyat — came back.

TRANSLATION

Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Kāmadeva [Cupid], an expansion of Vāsudeva, had previously been burned to ashes by Rudra’s anger. Now, to obtain a new body, he merged back into the body of Lord Vāsudeva.

VERSE 10.55.2

sa eva jāto vaidarbhyāṁ
kṛṣṇa-vīrya-samudbhavaḥ
pradyumna iti vikhyātaḥ
sarvato ’navamaḥ pituḥ

SYNONYMS

saḥ — He; eva — indeed; jātaḥ — taking birth; vaidarbhyām — in the daughter of the king of Vidarbha; kṛṣṇa-vīrya — from the seed of Lord Kṛṣṇa; samudbhavaḥ — generated; pradyumnaḥ — Pradyumna; iti — thus; vikhyātaḥ — known; sarvataḥ — in all aspects; anavamaḥ — not inferior; pituḥ — to His father.

TRANSLATION

He took birth in the womb of Vaidarbhī from the seed of Lord Kṛṣṇa and received the name Pradyumna. In no respect was He inferior to His father.

VERSE 10.55.3

taṁ śambaraḥ kāma-rūpī
hṛtvā tokam anirdaśam
sa viditvātmanaḥ śatruṁ
prāsyodanvaty agād gṛham

SYNONYMS

tam — Him; śambaraḥ — the demon Śambara; kāma — as he desired; rūpī — assuming forms; hṛtvā — stealing; tokam — the child; aniḥ-daśam — not yet ten days old; saḥ — he (Śambara); viditvā — recognizing; ātmanaḥ — his own; śatrum — enemy; prāsya — throwing; udanvati — into the sea; agāt — went; gṛham — to his home.

TRANSLATION

The demon Śambara, who could assume any form he desired, kidnapped the infant before He was even ten days old. Understanding Pradyumna to be his enemy, Śambara threw Him into the sea and then returned home.

VERSE 10.55.4

taṁ nirjagāra balavān
mīnaḥ so ’py aparaiḥ saha
vṛto jālena mahatā
gṛhīto matsya-jīvibhiḥ

SYNONYMS

tam — Him; nirjagāra — swallowed; bala-vān — powerful; mīnaḥ — a fish; saḥ — he (the fish); api — and; aparaiḥ — others; saha — together with; vṛtaḥ — enveloped; jālena — with a net; mahatā — huge; gṛhītaḥ — seized; matsya-jīvibhiḥ — by fishermen (who gain their livelihood from fish).

TRANSLATION

A powerful fish swallowed Pradyumna, and this fish, along with others, was caught in a huge net and seized by fishermen.

VERSE 10.55.5

taṁ śambarāya kaivartā
upājahrur upāyanam
sūdā mahānasaṁ nītvā-
vadyan sudhitinādbhutam

SYNONYMS

tam — it (the fish); śambarāya — to Śambara; kaivartāḥ — the fishermen; upājahruḥ — presented; upāyanam — the offering; sūdāḥ — the cooks; mahānasam — to the kitchen; nītvā — bringing; avadyan — cut it up; sudhitinā — with a butcher knife; adbhutam — amazing.

TRANSLATION

The fishermen presented that extraordinary fish to Śambara, who had his cooks bring it to the kitchen, where they began cutting it up with a butcher knife.

VERSE 10.55.6

dṛṣṭvā tad-udare bālam
māyāvatyai nyavedayan
nārado ’kathayat sarvaṁ
tasyāḥ śaṅkita-cetasaḥ
bālasya tattvam utpattiṁ
matsyodara-niveśanam

SYNONYMS

dṛṣṭvā — seeing; tat — in its; udare — belly; bālam — a child; māyāvatyai — to Māyāvatī; nyavedayan — they gave; nāradaḥ — Nārada Muni; akathayat — related; sarvam — all; tasyāḥ — to her; śaṅkita — astonished; cetasaḥ — whose mind; bālasya — of the child; tattvam — the facts; utpattim — the birth; matsya — of the fish; udara — in the abdomen; niveśanam — the entrance.

TRANSLATION

Seeing a male child in the belly of the fish, the cooks gave the infant to Māyāvatī, who was astonished. Nārada Muni then appeared and explained to her everything about the child’s birth and His entering the fish’s abdomen.

VERSE 10.55.7-8

sā ca kāmasya vai patnī
ratir nāma yaśasvinī
patyur nirdagdha-dehasya
dehotpattim pratīkṣatī

nirūpitā śambareṇa
sā sūdaudana-sādhane
kāmadevaṁ śiśuṁ buddhvā
cakre snehaṁ tadārbhake

SYNONYMS

— she; ca — and; kāmasya — of Cupid; vai — in fact; patnī — the wife; ratiḥ nama — named Rati; yaśasvinī — famous; patyuḥ — of her husband; nirdagdha — burnt to ashes; dehasya — whose body; deha — of a body; utpattim — the attainment; pratīkṣatī — waiting; nirūpitā — appointed; śambareṇa — by Śambara; — she; sūda-odana — of vegetables and rice; sādhane — in the preparation; kāma-devam — as Cupid; śiśum — the infant; buddhvā — understanding; cakre — she developed; sneham — love; tadā — then; arbhake — for the child.

TRANSLATION

Māyāvatī was in fact Cupid’s renowned wife, Rati. While waiting for her husband to obtain a new body — his previous one having been burnt up — she had been assigned by Śambara to prepare vegetables and rice. Māyāvatī understood that this infant was actually Kāmadeva, and thus she began to feel love for Him.

VERSE 10.55.9

nāti-dīrgheṇa kālena
sa kārṣṇi rūḍha-yauvanaḥ
janayām āsa nārīṇāṁ
vīkṣantīnāṁ ca vibhramam

SYNONYMS

na — not; ati-dīrgheṇa — very long; kālena — after a time; saḥ — He; kārṣṇiḥ — the son of Kṛṣṇa; rūḍha — attaining; yauvanaḥ — full youth; janayām āsa — generated; nārīṇām — for the women; vīkṣantīnām — who looked upon Him; ca — and; vibhramam — enchantment.

TRANSLATION

After a short time, this son of Kṛṣṇa — Pradyumna — attained His full youth. He enchanted all women who gazed upon Him.

VERSE 10.55.10

sā tam patiṁ padma-dalāyatekṣaṇaṁ
pralamba-bāhuṁ nara-loka-sundaram
sa-vrīḍa-hāsottabhita-bhruvekṣatī
prītyopatasthe ratir aṅga saurataiḥ

SYNONYMS

— she; tam — Him; patim — her husband; padma — of a lotus flower; dala-āyata — spread wide like the petals; īkṣaṇam — whose eyes; pralamba — extended; bāhum — whose arms; nara-loka — of human society; sundaram — the greatest object of beauty; sa-vrīḍa — bashful; hāsa — with a smile; uttabhita — upraised; bhruvā — and with eyebrows; īkṣatī — glancing; prītyā — lovingly; upatasthe — approached; ratiḥ — Rati; aṅga — my dear (King Parīkṣit); saurataiḥ — with gestures indicative of conjugal attraction.

TRANSLATION

My dear King, with a bashful smile and raised eyebrows, Māyāvatī exhibited various gestures of conjugal attraction as she lovingly approached her husband, whose eyes were broad like the petals of a lotus, whose arms were very long and who was the most beautiful of men.

VERSE 10.55.11

tām aha bhagavān kārṣṇir
mātas te matir anyathā
mātṛ-bhāvam atikramya
vartase kāminī yathā

SYNONYMS

tām — to her; āha — said; bhagavān — the Lord; kārṣṇiḥ — Pradyumna; mātaḥ — O mother; te — your; matiḥ — attitude; anyathā — otherwise; mātṛ-bhāvam — the mood or affection of a mother; atikramya — overstepping; vartase — you are acting; kāminī — a girlfriend; yathā — like.

TRANSLATION

Lord Pradyumna told her, “O mother, your attitude has changed. You are overstepping the proper feelings of a mother and behaving like a lover.”

VERSE 10.55.12

ratir uvāca

bhavān nārāyaṇa-sutaḥ
śambareṇa hṛto gṛhāt
ahaṁ te ’dhikṛtā patnī
ratiḥ kāmo bhavān prabho

SYNONYMS

ratiḥ uvāca — Rati said; bhavān — You; nārāyaṇa-sutah — the son of Lord Nārāyaṇa; śambareṇa — by Śambara; hṛtaḥ — stolen; gṛhāt — from Your home; aham — I; te — Your; adhikṛtā — legitimate; patnī — wife; ratiḥ — Rati; kāmaḥ — Cupid; bhavān — You; prabho — O master.

TRANSLATION

Rati said: You are the son of Lord Nārāyaṇa and were kidnapped from Your parents’ home by Śambara. I, Rati, am Your legitimate wife, O master, because You are Cupid.

VERSE 10.55.13

eṣa tvānirdaśaṁ sindhāv
akṣipac chambaro ’suraḥ
matsyo ’grasīt tad-udarād
itaḥ prāpto bhavān prabho

SYNONYMS

eṣaḥ — he; tvā — You; aniḥ-daśam — not yet ten days old; sindhau — into the sea; akṣipat — threw; śambaraḥ — Śambara; asuraḥ — the demon; matsyaḥ — a fish; agrasīt — devoured; tat — its; udarāt — from the belly; itaḥ — here; prāptaḥ — obtained; bhavān — You; prabho — O master.

TRANSLATION

That demon, Śambara, threw You into the sea when You were not even ten days old, and a fish swallowed You. Then in this very place we recovered You from the fish’s abdomen, O master.

VERSE 10.55.14

tam imaṁ jahi durdharṣaṁ
durjayaṁ śatrum ātmanaḥ
māyā-śata-vidaṁ taṁ ca
māyābhir mohanādibhiḥ

SYNONYMS

tam imam — him; jahi — please kill; durdharṣam — who is difficult to approach; durjayam — and difficult to conquer; śatrum — enemy; ātmanaḥ — Your own; māyā — magic spells; śata — hundreds; vidam — who knows; tam — him; ca — and; māyābhiḥ — by magic spells; mohana-ādibhiḥ — of bewilderment and so on.

TRANSLATION

Now kill this dreadful Śambara, Your formidable enemy. Although he knows hundreds of magic spells, You can defeat him with bewildering magic and other techniques.

VERSE 10.55.15

parīśocati te mātā
kurarīva gata-prajā
putra-snehākulā dīnā
vivatsā gaur ivāturā

SYNONYMS

pariśocati — is crying; te — Your; mātā — mother (Rukmiṇī); kurarī iva — like an osprey; gata — gone; prajā — whose son; putra — for her child; sneha — by love; ākulā — overwhelmed; dīnā — pitiful; vivatsā — deprived of its calf; gauḥ — a cow; iva — as; āturā — extremely distressed.

TRANSLATION

Your poor mother, having lost her son, cries for You like a kurarī bird. She is overwhelmed with love for her child, just like a cow that has lost its calf.

VERSE 10.55.16

prabhāṣyaivaṁ dadau vidyāṁ
pradyumnāya mahātmane
māyāvatī mahā-māyāṁ
sarva-māyā-vināśinīm

SYNONYMS

prabhāṣya — speaking; evam — thus; dadau — gave; vidyām — mystic knowledge; pradyumnāya — to Pradyumna; mahā-ātmane — the great soul; māyāvatī — Māyāvatī; mahā-māyām — known as Mahā-māyā; sarva — all; māyā — deluding spells; vināśinīm — which destroys.

TRANSLATION

[Śukadeva Gosvāmī continued:] Speaking thus, Māyāvatī gave to the great soul Pradyumna the mystic knowledge called Mahā-māyā, which vanquishes all other deluding spells.

VERSE 10.55.17

sa ca śambaram abhyetya
saṁyugāya samāhvayat
aviṣahyais tam ākṣepaiḥ
kṣipan sañjanayan kalim

SYNONYMS

saḥ — He; ca — and; śambaram — Śambara; abhyetya — approaching; saṁyugāya — to battle; samāhvayat — called him; aviṣahyaiḥ — intolerable; tam — him; ākṣepaiḥ — with insults; kṣipan — reviling; sañjanayan — inciting; kalim — a fight.

TRANSLATION

Pradyumna approached Śambara and called him to battle, hurling intolerable insults at him to foment a conflict.

VERSE 10.55.18

so ’dhikṣipto durvācobhiḥ
padāhata ivoragaḥ
niścakrāma gadā-pāṇir
amarṣāt tāmra-locanaḥ

SYNONYMS

saḥ — he, Śambara; adhikṣiptaḥ — insulted; durvācobhiḥ — by harsh words; padā — by a foot; āhataḥ — struck; iva — like; uragaḥ — a snake; niścakrāma — came out; gadā — a club; pāṇiḥ — in his hand; amarṣāt — out of intolerant anger; tāmra — copper-red; locanaḥ — whose eyes.

TRANSLATION

Offended by these harsh words, Śambara became as agitated as a kicked snake. He came out, club in hand, his eyes red with rage.

VERSE 10.55.19

gadām āvidhya tarasā
pradyumnāya mahātmane
prakṣipya vyanadan nādaṁ
vajra-niṣpeṣa-niṣṭhuram

SYNONYMS

gadām — his club; āvidhya — whirling; tarasā — swiftly; pradyumnāya — at Pradyumna; mahā-ātmane — the wise; prakṣipya — threw; vyanadan nādam — creating a resonance; vajra — of lightning; niṣpeṣa — the striking; niṣṭhuram — as sharp.

TRANSLATION

Śambara whirled his club swiftly about and then hurled it at the wise Pradyumna, producing a sound as sharp as a thunder crack.

VERSE 10.55.20

tām āpatantīṁ bhagavān
pradyumno gadayā gadām
apāsya śatrave kruddhaḥ
prāhiṇot sva-gadāṁ nṛpa

SYNONYMS

tām — that; āpatantīm — flying toward Him; bhagavān — the Supreme Lord; pradyumnaḥ — Pradyumna; gadayā — with His club; gadām — the club; apāsya — driving off; śatrave — at His enemy; kruddhaḥ — angered; prāhiṇot — He threw; sta-gadām — His own club; nṛpa — O King (Parīkṣit).

TRANSLATION

As Śambara’s club came flying toward Him, Lord Pradyumna knocked it away with His own. Then, O King, Pradyumna angrily threw His club at the enemy.

VERSE 10.55.21

sa ca māyāṁ samāśritya
daiteyīṁ maya-darśitam
mumuce ’stra-mayaṁ varṣaṁ
kārṣṇau vaihāyaso ’suraḥ

SYNONYMS

saḥ — he, Śambara; ca — and; māyām — magic; samāśritya — resorting to; daiteyīm — demoniac; maya — by Maya Dānava; darśitam — shown; mumuce — he released; astra-mayam — of weapons; varṣam — a rainfall; kārṣṇau — upon the son of Kṛṣṇa; vaihāyasaḥ — standing in the sky; asuraḥ — the demon.

TRANSLATION

Resorting to the black magic of the Daityas taught to him by Maya Dānava, Śambara suddenly appeared in the sky and released a downpour of weapons upon Kṛṣṇa’s son.

VERSE 10.55.22

bādhyamāno ’stra-varṣeṇa
raukmiṇeyo mahā-rathaḥ
sattvātmikāṁ mahā-vidyāṁ
sarva-māyopamardinīm

SYNONYMS

bādhyamānaḥ — harassed; astra — of weapons; varṣeṇa — by the rain; raukmiṇeyaḥ — Pradyumna, son of Rukmiṇī; mahā-rathaḥ — the powerful warrior; sattva-ātmikām — produced of the mode of goodness; mahā-vidyām — (He utilized) the mystic knowledge called Mahā-māyā; sarva — all; mayā — magic; upamardinīm — which overcomes.

TRANSLATION

Harassed by this rain of weapons, Lord Raukmiṇeya, the greatly powerful warrior, made use of the mystic science called Mahā-māyā, which was created from the mode of goodness and which could defeat all other mystic power.

VERSE 10.55.23

tato gauhyaka-gāndharva-
paiśācoraga-rākṣasīḥ
prāyuṅkta śataśo daityaḥ
kārṣṇir vyadhamayat sa tāḥ

SYNONYMS

tataḥ — then; gauhyaka-gāndharva-paiśāca-uraga-rākṣasīḥ — (weapons) of the Guhyakas, Gandharvas, witches, celestial serpents and Rākṣasas (man-eaters); prāyuṅkta — he used; śataśaḥ — hundreds; daityaḥ — the demon; kārṣṇiḥ — Lord Pradyumna; vyadhamayat — struck down; saḥ — He; tāḥ — these.

TRANSLATION

The demon then unleashed hundreds of mystic weapons belonging to the Guhyakas, Gandharvas, Piśācas, Uragas and Rākṣasas, but Lord Kārṣṇi, Pradyumna, struck them all down.

VERSE 10.55.24

niśātam asim udyamya
sa-kirīṭaṁ sa-kuṇḍalam
śambarasya śiraḥ kāyāt
tāmra-śmaśrv ojasāharat

SYNONYMS

niśātam — sharp-edged; asim — His sword; udyamya — raising; sa — with; kirīṭam — helmet; sa — with; kuṇḍalam — earrings; śambarasya — of Śambara; śiraḥ — the head; kāyāt — from his body; tāmra — copper-colored; śmaśru — whose mustache; ojasā — with force; aharat — He removed.

TRANSLATION

Drawing His sharp-edged sword, Pradyumna forcefully cut off Śambara’s head, complete with red mustache, helmet and earrings.

VERSE 10.55.25

ākīryamāṇo divi-jaiḥ
stuvadbhiḥ kusumotkaraiḥ
bhāryayāmbara-cāriṇyā
puraṁ nīto vihāyasā

SYNONYMS

ākīryamāṇaḥ — being showered; divi-jaiḥ — by the residents of heaven; stuvadbhiḥ — who were offering praise; kusuma — of flowers; utkaraiḥ — with the scattering; bhāryayā — by His wife; ambara — in the sky; cāriṇyā — who was traveling; puram — to the city (Dvārakā); nītaḥ — He was brought; vihāyasā — through the sky.

TRANSLATION

As the residents of the higher planets showered Pradyumna with flowers and chanted His praises, His wife appeared in the sky and transported Him through the heavens, back to the city of Dvārakā.

VERSE 10.55.26

antaḥ-pura-varaṁ rājan
lalanā-śata-saṅkulam
viveśa patnyā gaganād
vidyuteva balāhakaḥ

SYNONYMS

antaḥ-pura — the inner palace; varam — most excellent; rājan — O King (Parīkṣit); lalanā — lovely women; śata — with hundreds; saṅkulam — crowded; viveśa — He entered; patnyā — with His wife; gaganāt — from the sky; vidyutā — with lightning; iva — as; balāhakaḥ — a cloud.

TRANSLATION

O King, Lord Pradyumna and His wife resembled a cloud accompanied by lightning as they descended from the sky into the inner quarters of Kṛṣṇa’s most excellent palace, which were crowded with lovely women.

VERSE 10.55.27-28

taṁ dṛṣṭvā jalada-śyāmaṁ
pīta-kauśeya-vāsasam
pralamba-bāhuṁ tāmrākṣaṁ
su-smitaṁ rucirānanam

sv-alaṅkṛta-mukhāmbhojaṁ
nīla-vakrālakālibhiḥ
kṛṣṇaṁ matvā striyo hrītā
nililyus tatra tatra ha

SYNONYMS

tam — Him; dṛṣṭvā — seeing; jala-da — like a cloud; śyāmam — of dark blue complexion; pīta — yellow; kauśeya — silk; vāsasam — whose dress; pralamba — long; bāhum — whose arms; tāmra — reddish; akṣam — whose eyes; su-smitam — with a pleasing smile; rucira — charming; ānanam — face; su-alaṅkṛta — nicely decorated; mukha — face; ambhojam — lotuslike; nīla — blue; vakra — curling; ālaka-ālibhiḥ — with locks of hair; kṛṣṇam — Kṛṣṇa; matvā — thinking Him; striyaḥ — the women; hrītāḥ — becoming bashful; nililyuḥ — hid themselves; tatra tatra — here and there; ha — indeed.

TRANSLATION

The women of the palace thought He was Lord Kṛṣṇa when they saw His dark-blue complexion the color of a rain cloud, His yellow silk garments, His long arms and red-tinged eyes, His charming lotus face adorned with a pleasing smile, His fine ornaments and His thick, curly blue hair. Thus the women became bashful and hid themselves here and there.

VERSE 10.55.29

avadhārya śanair īṣad
vailakṣaṇyena yoṣitaḥ
upajagmuḥ pramuditāḥ
sa-strī ratnaṁ su-vismitāḥ

SYNONYMS

avadhārya — realizing; śanaiḥ — gradually; īṣat — slight; vailakṣaṇyena — by the difference of appearance; yoṣitaḥ — the ladies; upajagmuḥ — they came near; pramuditāḥ — delighted; sa — together with; strī — of women; ratnam — the jewel; su-vismitaḥ — very surprised.

TRANSLATION

Gradually, from the slight differences between His appearance and Kṛṣṇa’s, the ladies realized He was not the Lord. Delighted and astonished, they approached Pradyumna and His consort, who was a jewel among women.

VERSE 10.55.30

atha tatrāsitāpāṅgī
vaidarbhī valgu-bhāṣiṇī
asmarat sva-sutaṁ naṣṭaṁ
sneha-snuta-payodharā

SYNONYMS

atha — then; tatra — there; asita — black; apāṅgī — the corners of whose eyes; vaidarbhī — Queen Rukmiṇī; valgu — sweet; bhāṣinī — whose speaking; asmarat — remembered; sva-sutam — her son; naṣṭam — lost; sneha — out of love; snuta — having become moist; payaḥ-dharā — whose breasts.

TRANSLATION

Seeing Pradyumna, sweet-voiced, dark-eyed Rukmiṇī remembered her lost son, and her breasts became moist out of affection.

VERSE 10.55.31

ko nv ayam nara-vaidūryaḥ
kasya vā kamalekṣaṇaḥ
dhṛtaḥ kayā vā jaṭhare
keyaṁ labdhā tv anena vā

SYNONYMS

kaḥ — who; nu — indeed; ayam — this; nara-vaidūryaḥ — gem among men; kasya — whose (son); — and; kamala-īkṣaṇaḥ — lotus-eyed; dhṛtaḥ — carried; kayā — by what woman; — and; jaṭhare — in her womb; — who; iyam — this woman; labdhā — obtained; tu — moreover; anena — by Him; — and.

TRANSLATION

[Śrīmatī Rukmiṇī-devī said:] Who is this lotus-eyed jewel among men? What man’s son is He, and what woman carried Him in her womb? And who is this woman He has taken as His wife?

VERSE 10.55.32

mama cāpy ātmajo naṣṭo
nīto yaḥ sūtikā-gṛhāt
etat-tulya-vayo-rūpo
yadi jīvati kutracit

SYNONYMS

mama — my; ca — and; api — also; ātmajaḥ — son; naṣṭaḥ — lost; nītaḥ — taken; yaḥ — who; sūtikā-gṛhāt — from the maternity room; etat — to Him; tulya — equal; vayaḥ — in age; rūpaḥ — and appearance; yadi — if; jīvati — He is living; kutracit — somewhere.

TRANSLATION

If my lost son, who was kidnapped from the maternity room, were still alive somewhere, He would be of the same age and appearance as this young man.

VERSE 10.55.33

kathaṁ tv anena samprāptaṁ
sārūpyaṁ śārṅga-dhanvanaḥ
ākṛtyāvayavair gatyā
svara-hāsāvalokanaiḥ

SYNONYMS

katham — how; tu — but; anena — by Him; samprāptam — obtained; sārūpyam — the same appearance; śārṅga-dhanvanaḥ — as Kṛṣṇa, the wielder of the Śārṅga bow; ākṛtyā — in bodily form; avayavaiḥ — limbs; gatyā — gait; svara — tone of voice; hāsa — smile; avalokanaiḥ — and glance.

TRANSLATION

But how is it that this young man so much resembles my own Lord, Kṛṣṇa, the wielder of Śārṅga, in His bodily form and His limbs, in His gait and the tone of His voice, and in His smiling glance?

VERSE 10.55.34

sa eva vā bhaven nūnaṁ
yo me garbhe dhṛto ’rbhakaḥ
amuṣmin prītir adhikā
vāmaḥ sphurati me bhujaḥ

SYNONYMS

saḥ — He; eva — indeed; — or else; bhavet — must be; nūnam — for certain; yaḥ — who; me — my; garbhe — in the womb; dhṛtaḥ — was carried; arbhakaḥ — child; amuṣmin — for Him; prītiḥ — affection; adhikā — great; vāmaḥ — left; sphurati — trembles; me — my; bhujaḥ — arm.

TRANSLATION

Yes, He must be the same child I bore in my womb, since I feel great affection for Him and my left arm is quivering.

VERSE 10.55.35

evaṁ mīmāṁsamaṇāyāṁ
vaidarbhyāṁ devakī-sutaḥ
devaky-ānakadundubhyām
uttamaḥ-śloka āgamat

SYNONYMS

evam — thus; mīmāṁsamānāyām — as she was conjecturing; vaidarbhyām — Queen Rukmiṇī; devakī-sutaḥ — the son of Devakī; devakī-ānakadundubhyām — together with Devakī and Vasudeva; uttamaḥ-ślokaḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa; āgamat — came there.

TRANSLATION

As Queen Rukmiṇī conjectured in this way, Lord Kṛṣṇa, the son of Devakī, arrived on the scene with Vasudeva and Devakī.

VERSE 10.55.36

vijñātārtho ’pi bhagavāṁs
tūṣṇīm āsa janārdanaḥ
nārado ’kathayat sarvaṁ
śambarāharaṇādikam

SYNONYMS

vijñāta — understanding fully; arthaḥ — the matter; api — even though; bhagavān — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; tūṣṇīm — silent; āsa — remained; janārdanaḥ — Kṛṣṇa; nāradaḥ — Nārada Muni; akathayat — recounted; sarvam — everything; śambara — by Śambara; āharaṇa — the kidnapping; ādikam — beginning with.

TRANSLATION

Although Lord Janārdana knew perfectly well what had transpired, He remained silent. The sage Nārada, however, explained everything, beginning with Śambara’s kidnapping of the child.

VERSE 10.55.37

tac chrutvā mahad āścaryaṁ
kṛṣṇāntaḥ-pura-yoṣitaḥ
abhyanandan bahūn abdān
naṣṭaṁ mṛtam ivāgatam

SYNONYMS

tat — that; śrutvā — hearing; mahat — great; āścaryam — wonder; kṛṣṇa-antaḥ-pura — of Lord Kṛṣṇa’s personal residence; yoṣitaḥ — the women; abhyanandan — they greeted; bahūn — for many; abdān — years; naṣṭam — lost; mṛtam — someone dead; iva — as if; āgatam — returned.

TRANSLATION

When the women of Lord Kṛṣṇa’s palace heard this most amazing account, they joyfully greeted Pradyumna, who had been lost for many years but who had now returned as if from the dead.

VERSE 10.55.38

devakī vasudevaś ca
kṛṣṇa-rāmau tathā striyaḥ
dampatī tau pariṣvajya
rukmiṇī ca yayur mudam

SYNONYMS

devakī — Devakī; vasudevaḥ — Vasudeva; ca — and; kṛṣṇa-rāmau — Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma; tathā — also; striyaḥ — the women; dam-patī — man and wife; tau — these two; pariṣvajya — embracing; rukmiṇī — Rukmiṇī; ca — and; yayuḥ mudam — they became full of joy.

TRANSLATION

Devakī, Vasudeva, Kṛṣṇa, Balarāma and all the women of the palace, especially Queen Rukmiṇī, embraced the young couple and rejoiced.

VERSE 10.55.39

naṣṭaṁ pradyumnam āyātam
ākarṇya dvārakaukasaḥ
aho mṛta ivāyāto
bālo diṣṭyeti hābruvan

SYNONYMS

naṣṭam — lost; pradyumnam — Pradyumna; āyātam — returned; ākarṇya — hearing; dvārakā-okasaḥ — the residents of Dvārakā; aho — aḥ; mṛtaḥ — dead; iva — as if; āyātaḥ — come back; bālaḥ — the child; diṣṭyā — by the favor of providence; iti — thus; ha — indeed; abruvan — they spoke.

TRANSLATION

Hearing that lost Pradyumna had come home, the residents of Dvārakā declared, “Ah, providence has allowed this child to return as if from death!”

VERSE 10.55.40

yaṁ vai muhuḥ pitṛ-sarūpa-nijeśa-bhāvās
tan-mātaro yad abhajan raha-rūḍha-bhāvāḥ
citraṁ na tat khalu ramāspada-bimba-bimbe
kāme smare ’kṣa-viṣaye kim utānya-nāryaḥ

SYNONYMS

yam — whom; vai — indeed; muhuḥ — repeatedly; pitṛ — His father; sa-rūpa — who exactly resembled; nija — as their own; īśa — master; bhāvāḥ — who thought of Him; tat — His; mātaraḥ — mothers; yat — inasmuch as; abhajan — they worshiped; raha — in privacy; rūḍha — full-blown; bhāvāḥ — whose ecstatic attraction; citram — amazing; na — not; tat — that; khalu — indeed; ramā — of the goddess of fortune; āspada — of the shelter (Lord Kṛṣṇa); bimba — of the form; bimbe — who was the reflection; kāme — lust personified; smare — Cupid; akṣa-viṣaye — when He was before their eyes; kim uta — what then to speak of; anya — other; nāryaḥ — women.

TRANSLATION

It is not astonishing that the palace women, who should have felt maternal affection for Pradyumna, privately felt ecstatic attraction for Him as if He were their own Lord. After all, the son exactly resembled His father. Indeed, Pradyumna was a perfect reflection of the beauty of Lord Kṛṣṇa, the shelter of the goddess of fortune, and appeared before their eyes as Cupid Himself. Since even those on the level of His mother felt conjugal attraction for Him, then what to speak of how other women felt when they saw Him?