Śrīmad Bhāgavatam|Canto 10 Chapter 54

The Marriage of Kṛṣṇa and Rukmiṇī

VERSE 10.54.1

śrī-śuka uvāca

iti sarve su-saṁrabdhā
vāhān āruhya daṁśitāḥ
svaiḥ svair balaiḥ parikrāntā
anvīyur dhṛta-kārmukāḥ

SYNONYMS

śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; iti — thus (speaking); sarve — all of them; su-saṁrabdhāḥ — greatly angered; vāhān — their conveyances; āruhya — mounting; daṁśitāḥ — wearing armor; svaiḥ svaiḥ — each by his own; balaiḥ — military force; parikrāntāḥ — surrounded; anvīyuḥ — they followed; dhṛta — holding; kārmukāḥ — their bows.

TRANSLATION

Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Having thus spoken, all those infuriated kings donned their armor and mounted their conveyances. Each king, bow in hand, was surrounded by his own army as he went after Lord Kṛṣṇa.

VERSE 10.54.2

tān āpatata ālokya
yādavānīka-yūthapāḥ
tasthus tat-sammukhā rājan
visphūrjya sva-dhanūṁṣi te

SYNONYMS

tān — them; āpatataḥ — in pursuit; ālokya — seeing; yādava-anīka — of the Yādava army; yūtha-paḥ — the officers; tasthuḥ — stood; tat — them; sammukhāḥ — directly facing; rājan — O King (Parīkṣit); visphūrjya — twanging; sva — their; dhanūṁṣi — bows; te — they.

TRANSLATION

The commanders of the Yādava army, seeing the enemy racing to attack, turned to face them and stood firm, O King, twanging their bows.

VERSE 10.54.3

aśva-pṛṣṭhe gaja-skandhe
rathopasthe ’stra kovidāḥ
mumucuḥ śara-varṣāṇi
meghā adriṣv apo yathā

SYNONYMS

aśva-pṛṣṭhe — on horseback; gaja — of elephants; skandhe — on the shoulders; ratha — of chariots; upasthe — on the seats; astra — of weapons; kovidāḥ — those expert in the use; mumucuḥ — released; śara — of arrows; varṣāṇi — rains; meghāḥ — clouds; adriṣu — upon mountains; apaḥ — water; yathā — as.

TRANSLATION

Mounted on the backs of horses, the shoulders of elephants and the seats of chariots, the enemy kings, expert with weapons, rained down arrows upon the Yadus like clouds pouring rain on mountains.

VERSE 10.54.4

patyur balaṁ śarāsāraiś
channaṁ vīkṣya su-madhyamā
sa-vrīḍm aikṣat tad-vaktraṁ
bhaya-vihvala-locanā

SYNONYMS

patyuḥ — of her Lord; balam — the army; śara — of arrows; āsāraiḥ — by heavy rains; channam — covered; vīkṣya — seeing; su-madhyamā — slender-waisted (Rukmiṇī); sa-vrīḍam — shyly; aikṣat — looked; tat — His; vaktram — at the face; bhaya — with fear; vihvala — disturbed; locanā — whose eyes.

TRANSLATION

Slender-waisted Rukmiṇī, seeing her Lord’s army covered by torrents of arrows, shyly looked at His face with fear-stricken eyes.

VERSE 10.54.5

prahasya bhagavān āha
mā sma bhair vāma-locane
vinaṅkṣyaty adhunaivaitat
tāvakaiḥ śātravaṁ balam

SYNONYMS

prahasya — laughing; bhagavān — the Supreme Lord; āha — said; sma bhaiḥ — do not be afraid; vāma-locane — O beautiful-eyed one; vinaṅkṣyati — will be destroyed; adhunā eva — just now; etat — this; tāvakaiḥ — by your (army); śātravam — of enemies; balam — force.

TRANSLATION

In response the Lord laughed and assured her, “Do not be afraid, beautiful-eyed one. This enemy force is about to be destroyed by your soldiers.”

VERSE 10.54.6

teṣāṁ tad-vikramaṁ vīrā
gada-saṅkarṣanādayaḥ
amṛṣyamāṇā nārācair
jaghnur haya-gajān rathān

SYNONYMS

teṣām — by them (the opposing kings); tat — that; vikramam — show of prowess; vīrāḥ — the heroes; gada — Gada, the younger brother of Lord Kṛṣṇa; saṅkarṣaṇa — Lord Balarāma; ādayaḥ — and others; amṛṣyamāṇāḥ — not tolerating; nārācaiḥ — with arrows made of iron; jaghnuḥ — they struck; haya — horses; gajān — elephants; rathān — and chariots.

TRANSLATION

The heroes of the Lord’s army, headed by Gada and Saṅkarṣaṇa, could not tolerate the aggression of the opposing kings. Thus with iron arrows they began to strike down the enemy’s horses, elephants and chariots.

VERSE 10.54.7

petuḥ śirāṁsi rathinām
aśvināṁ gajināṁ bhuvi
sa-kuṇḍala-kirīṭāni
soṣṇīṣāṇi ca koṭiśaḥ

SYNONYMS

petuḥ — fell; śirāṁsi — the heads; rathinām — of those riding on chariots; aśvinām — of those riding horses; gajinām — of those riding elephants; bhuvi — to the ground; sa — with; kuṇḍala — earrings; kirīṭāni — and helmets; sa — with; uṣṇīṣāṇi — turbans; ca — and; koṭiśaḥ — by the millions.

TRANSLATION

The heads of soldiers fighting on chariots, horses and elephants fell to the ground by the millions; some heads wore earrings and helmets, others turbans.

VERSE 10.54.8

hastāḥ sāsi-gadeṣv-āsāḥ
karabhā ūravo ’ṅghrayaḥ
aśvāśvatara-nāgoṣṭra-
khara-martya-śirāṁsi ca

SYNONYMS

hastāḥ — hands; sa — with; asi — swords; gadā — clubs; iṣu-āsāḥ — bows; karabhāḥ — fingerless hands; ūravaḥ — thighs; aṅghrayaḥ — legs; aśva — of horses; aśvatara — donkeys; nāga — elephants; uṣṭra — camels; khara — wild asses; martya — and humans; śirāṁsi — heads; ca — also.

TRANSLATION

Lying all around were thighs, legs and fingerless hands, along with hands clutching swords, clubs and bows, and also the heads of horses, donkeys, elephants, camels, wild asses and humans.

VERSE 10.54.9

hanyamāna-balānīkā
vṛṣṇibhir jaya-kāṅkṣibhiḥ
rājāno vimukhā jagmur
jarāsandha-puraḥ-sarāḥ

SYNONYMS

hanyamāna — being killed; bala-anīkāḥ — whose armies; vṛṣṇibhiḥ — by the Vṛṣṇis; jaya — for victory; kāṅkṣibhiḥ — who were eager; rājānaḥ — the kings; vimukhāḥ — discouraged; jagmuḥ — left; jarāsandha-puraḥ-sarāḥ — headed by Jarāsandha.

TRANSLATION

Seeing their armies being struck down by the Vṛṣṇis, who were eager for victory, the kings headed by Jarāsandha were discouraged and left the battlefield.

VERSE 10.54.10

śiśupālaṁ samabhyetya
hṛta-dāram ivāturam
naṣṭa-tviṣaṁ gatotsāhaṁ
śuṣyad-vadanam abruvan

SYNONYMS

śiśupālam — Śiśupāla; samabhyetya — approaching; hṛta — stolen; dāram — whose wife; iva — as if; āturam — perturbed; naṣṭa — lost; tviṣam — whose color; gata — gone; utsāham — whose enthusiasm; śuṣyat — dried up; vadanam — whose face; abruvan — they addressed.

TRANSLATION

The kings approached Śiśupāla, who was disturbed like a man who has lost his wife. His complexion was drained of color, his enthusiasm was gone, and his face appeared dried up. The kings spoke to him as follows.

VERSE 10.54.11

bho bhoḥ puruṣa-śārdūla
daurmanasyam idaṁ tyaja
na priyāpriyayo rājan
niṣṭhā dehiṣu dṛśyate

SYNONYMS

bhoḥ bhoḥ — O sir; puruṣa — among men; śārdūla — O tiger; daurmana-syam — depressed state of mind; idam — this; tyaja — give up; na — no; priya — of the desirable; apriyayoḥ — or the undesirable; rājan — O King; niṣṭhā — permanence; dehiṣu — among embodied beings; dṛśyate — is seen.

TRANSLATION

[Jarāsandha said:] Listen, Śiśupāla, O tiger among men, give up your depression. After all, embodied beings’ happiness and unhappiness is never seen to be permanent, O King.

VERSE 10.54.12

yathā dāru-mayī yoṣit
nṛtyate kuhakecchayā
evam īśvara-tantro ’yam
īhate sukha-duḥkhayoḥ

SYNONYMS

yathā — as; dāru-mayī — made of wood; yoṣit — a woman; nṛtyate — dances; kuhaka — of the showman; icchayā — by the desire; evam — in the same way; īśvara — of the Supreme Lord; tantraḥ — under the control; ayam — this world; īhate — endeavors; sukha — in joy; duḥkhayoḥ — and misery.

TRANSLATION

Just as a puppet in the form of a woman dances by the desire of the puppeteer, so this world, controlled by the Supreme Lord, struggles in both happiness and misery.

VERSE 10.54.13

śaureḥ sapta-daśāhaṁ vai
saṁyugāni parājitaḥ
trayo-viṁśatibhiḥ sainyair
jigye ekam ahaṁ param

SYNONYMS

śaureḥ — with Kṛṣṇa; sapta-daśa — seventeen; aham — I; vai — indeed; saṁyugāni — battles; parājitaḥ — lost; trayaḥ-viṁśatibhiḥ — twenty-three; sainyaiḥ — with armies; jigye — won; ekam — one; aham — I; param — only.

TRANSLATION

In battle with Kṛṣṇa I and my twenty-three armies lost seventeen times; only once did I defeat Him.

VERSE 10.54.14

tathāpy ahaṁ na śocāmi
na prahṛṣyāmi karhicit
kālena daiva-yuktena
jānan vidrāvitaṁ jagat

SYNONYMS

tathā api — nonetheless; aham — I; na śocāmi — do not lament; na prahṛṣyāmi — do not rejoice; karhicit — ever; kālena — by time; daiva — with fate; yuktena — conjoined; jānan — knowing; vidrāvitam — driven; jagat — the world.

TRANSLATION

But still I never lament or rejoice, because I know this world is driven by time and fate.

VERSE 10.54.15

adhunāpi vayaṁ sarve
vīra-yūthapa-yūthapāḥ
parājitāḥ phalgu-tantrair
yadubhiḥ kṛṣṇa-pālitaiḥ

SYNONYMS

adhunā — now; api — even; vayam — we; sarve — all; vīra — of heroes; yūtha-pa — of the leaders; yūtha-pāḥ — the leaders; parājitāḥ — defeated; phalgu — meager; tantraiḥ — whose entourage; yadubhiḥ — by the Yadus; kṛṣṇa-pālitaiḥ — protected by Kṛṣṇa.

TRANSLATION

And now all of us, great commanders of military leaders, have been defeated by the Yadus and their small entourage, who are protected by Kṛṣṇa.

VERSE 10.54.16

ripavo jigyur adhunā
kāla ātmānusāriṇi
tadā vayaṁ vijeṣyāmo
yadā kālaḥ pradakṣiṇaḥ

SYNONYMS

ripavaḥ — our enemies; jigyuḥ — have conquered; adhunā — now; kāle — the time; ātma — them; anusārīṇi — favoring; tadā — then; vayam — we; vijeṣyāmaḥ — shall conquer; yadā — when; kālaḥ — time; pradakṣiṇaḥ — turned toward us.

TRANSLATION

Now our enemies have conquered because time favors them, but in the future, when time is auspicious for us, we shall conquer.

VERSE 10.54.17

śrī-śuka uvāca

evaṁ prabodhito mitraiś
caidyo ’gāt sānugaḥ puram
hata-śeṣāḥ punas te ’pi
yayuḥ svaṁ svaṁ puraṁ nṛpāḥ

SYNONYMS

śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; evam — thus; prabodhitaḥ — persuaded; mitraiḥ — by his friends; caidyaḥ — Śiśupāla; agāt — went; sa-anugaḥ — with his followers; puram — to his city; hata — from the killed; śeṣāḥ — who remained; punaḥ — again; te — they; api — also; yayuḥ — went; svam svam — each to his own; puram — city; nṛpāḥ — kings.

TRANSLATION

Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Thus persuaded by his friends, Śiśupāla took his followers and went back to his capital. The surviving warriors also returned to their respective cities.

VERSE 10.54.18

rukmī tu rākṣasodvāhaṁ
kṛṣṇa-dviḍ asahan svasuḥ
pṛṣṭhato ’nvagamat kṛṣṇam
akṣauhiṇyā vṛto balī

SYNONYMS

rukmī — Rukmī; tu — however; rākṣasa — in the style of demons; udvāham — the marriage; kṛṣṇa-dviṭ — the hater of Kṛṣṇa; asahan — unable to bear; svasuḥ — of his sister; pṛṣṭhataḥ — from behind; anvagamat — he followed; kṛṣṇam — Lord Kṛṣṇa; akṣauhiṇyā — by an entire akṣauhiṇī division; vṛtaḥ — surrounded; balī — powerful.

TRANSLATION

Powerful Rukmī, however, was especially envious of Kṛṣṇa. He could not bear the fact that Kṛṣṇa had carried off his sister to marry her in the Rākṣasa style. Thus he pursued the Lord with an entire military division.

VERSE 10.54.19-20

rukmy amarṣī su-saṁrabdhaḥ
śṛṇvatāṁ sarva-bhūbhujām
pratijajñe mahā-bāhur
daṁśitaḥ sa-śarāsanaḥ

ahatvā samare kṛṣṇam
apratyūhya ca rukmiṇīm
kuṇḍinaṁ na pravekṣyāmi
satyam etad bravīmi vaḥ

SYNONYMS

rukmī — Rukmī; amarṣī — intolerant; su-saṁrabdhaḥ — extremely angry; śṛṇvatām — while they listened; sarva — all; bhū-bhujām — the kings; pratijajñe — he swore; mahā-bāhuḥ — mighty-armed; daṁśitaḥ — wearing his armor; sa-śarāsanaḥ — with his bow; ahatvā — without killing; samare — in battle; kṛṣṇam — Kṛṣṇa; apratyūhya — without bringing back; ca — and; rukmiṇīm — Rukmiṇī; kuṇḍinam — the city of Kuṇḍina; na pravekṣyāmi — I shall not enter; satyam — in truth; etat — this; bravīmi — I say; vaḥ — to all of you.

TRANSLATION

Frustrated and enraged, mighty-armed Rukmī, dressed in armor and wielding his bow, had sworn before all the kings, “I shall not again enter Kuṇḍina if I do not kill Kṛṣṇa in battle and bring Rukmiṇī back with me. I swear this to you.”

VERSE 10.54.21

ity uktvā ratham āruhya
sārathiṁ prāha satvaraḥ
codayāśvān yataḥ kṛṣṇaḥ
tasya me saṁyugaṁ bhavet

SYNONYMS

iti — thus; uktvā — speaking; ratham — on his chariot; āruhya — climbing; sārathim — to his driver; prāha — said; satvaraḥ — quickly; codaya — drive; aśvān — the horses; yataḥ — to where; kṛṣṇaḥ — Kṛṣṇa; tasya — His; me — with me; saṁyugam — fight; bhavet — must be.

TRANSLATION

Having said this, he had mounted his chariot and told his charioteer, “Drive the horses quickly to where Kṛṣṇa is. He and I must fight.

VERSE 10.54.22

adyāhaṁ niśitair bāṇair
gopālasya su-durmateḥ
neṣye vīrya-madaṁ yena
svasā me prasabhaṁ hṛtā

SYNONYMS

adya — today; aham — I; niśitaiḥ — sharp; bāṇaiḥ — with my arrows; gopālasya — of the cowherd; su-durmateḥ — whose mentality is most wicked; neṣye — I will remove; vīrya — in His power; madam — the intoxicated pride; yena — by which; svasā — sister; me — my; prasabham — violently; hṛtā — abducted.

TRANSLATION

“This wicked-minded cowherd boy, infatuated with His prowess, has violently abducted my sister. But today I will remove His pride with my sharp arrows.”

VERSE 10.54.23

vikatthamānaḥ kumatir
īśvarasyāpramāṇa-vit
rathenaikena govindaṁ
tiṣṭha tiṣṭhety athāhvayat

SYNONYMS

vikatthamānaḥ — boasting; ku-matiḥ — foolish; īśvarasya — of the Supreme Lord; apramāṇa-vit — not knowing the dimensions; rathena ekena — with a single chariot; govindam — to Lord Kṛṣṇa; tiṣṭha tiṣṭha — stand and fight; iti — so saying; atha — then; āhvayat — he called.

TRANSLATION

Boasting thus, foolish Rukmī, ignorant of the true extent of the Supreme Lord’s power, approached Lord Govinda in his lone chariot and challenged Him, “Just stand and fight!”

VERSE 10.54.24

dhanur vikṛṣya su-dṛḍhaṁ
jaghne kṛṣṇaṁ tribhiḥ śaraiḥ
āha cātra kṣaṇaṁ tiṣṭha
yadūnāṁ kula-pāṁsana

SYNONYMS

dhanuḥ — his bow; vikṛṣya — drawing; su — very; dṛḍham — firmly; jaghne — he struck; kṛṣṇam — Lord Kṛṣṇa; tribhiḥ — with three; śaraiḥ — arrows; āha — he said; ca — and; atra — here; kṣaṇam — a moment; tiṣṭha — stand; yadūnām — of the Yadus; kula — of the dynasty; pāṁsana — O corrupter.

TRANSLATION

Rukmī drew his bow with great strength and struck Lord Kṛṣṇa with three arrows. Then he said, “Stand here for a moment, O defiler of the Yadu dynasty!

VERSE 10.54.25

yatra yāsi svasāraṁ me
muṣitvā dhvāṅkṣa-vad dhaviḥ
hariṣye ’dya madaṁ manda
māyinaḥ kūṭa-yodhinaḥ

SYNONYMS

yatra — wherever; yāsi — You go; svasāram — sister; me — my; muṣitvā — having stolen; dhvāṅkṣa-vat — like a crow; haviḥ — the sacrificial butter; hariṣye — I will remove; adya — today; madam — Your false pride; manda — You fool; māyinaḥ — of the deceiver; kūṭa — cheating; yodhinaḥ — of the fighter.

TRANSLATION

“Wherever You go, carrying off my sister like a crow stealing sacrificial butter, I will follow. This very day I shall relieve You of Your false pride, You fool, You deceiver, You cheater in battle!

VERSE 10.54.26

yāvan na me hato bāṇaiḥ
śayīthā muñca dārīkām
smayan kṛṣṇo dhanuś chittvā
ṣaḍbhir vivyādha rukmiṇam

SYNONYMS

yāvat — while; na — not; me — my; hataḥ — killed; bāṇaiḥ — by the arrows; śayīthaḥ — you lie down; muñca — release; dārīkām — the girl; smayan — smiling; kṛṣṇaḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa; dhanuḥ — his bow; chittvā — breaking; ṣaḍbhiḥ — with six (arrows); vivyādha — pierced; rukmiṇam — Rukmī.

TRANSLATION

“Release the girl before You are struck dead by my arrows and made to lie down!” In response to this, Lord Kṛṣṇa smiled, and with six arrows He struck Rukmī and broke his bow.

VERSE 10.54.27

aṣṭabhiś caturo vāhān
dvābhyāṁ sūtaṁ dhvajaṁ tribhiḥ
sa cānyad dhanur ādhāya
kṛṣṇaṁ vivyādha pañcabhiḥ

SYNONYMS

aṣṭabhiḥ — with eight (arrows); caturaḥ — the four; vāhān — horses; dvābhyām — with two; sūtam — the chariot driver; dhvajam — the flagpole; tribhiḥ — with three; saḥ — he, Rukmī; ca — and; anyat — another; dhanuḥ — bow; ādhāya — taking up; kṛṣṇam — Kṛṣṇa; vivyādha — pierced; pañcabhiḥ — with five.

TRANSLATION

The Lord struck Rukmī’s four horses with eight arrows, his chariot driver with two, and the chariot’s flag with three. Rukmī grabbed another bow and struck Lord Kṛṣṇa with five arrows.

VERSE 10.54.28

tais tāditaḥ śaraughais tu
ciccheda dhanur acyutaḥ
punar anyad upādatta
tad apy acchinad avyayaḥ

SYNONYMS

taiḥ — by these; tāḍitaḥ — struck; śara — of arrows; oghaiḥ — floods; tu — although; ciccheda — broke; dhanuḥ — (Rukmī’s) bow; acyutaḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa; punaḥ — again; anyat — another; upādatta — he (Rukmī) picked up; tat — that; api — also; acchinat — broke; avyayaḥ — the infallible Lord.

TRANSLATION

Although hit by these many arrows, Lord Acyuta again broke Rukmī’s bow. Rukmī picked up yet another bow, but the infallible Lord broke that one to pieces as well.

VERSE 10.54.29

parighaṁ paṭṭiśaṁ śūlaṁ
carmāsī śakti-tomarau
yad yad āyudham ādatta
tat sarvaṁ so ’cchinad dhariḥ

SYNONYMS

parigham — spiked iron bludgeon; paṭṭiśam — three-pointed spear; śūlam — lance; carma-asī — shield and sword; śakti — pike; tomarau — javelin; yat yat — whatever; āyudham — weapon; ādatta — he took up; tat sarvam — all of them; saḥ — He; acchinat — broke; hariḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa.

TRANSLATION

Iron bludgeon, three-pointed spear, sword and shield, pike, javelin — whatever weapon Rukmī picked up, Lord Hari smashed it to bits.

VERSE 10.54.30

tato rathād avaplutya
khaḍga-pāṇir jighāṁsayā
kṛṣṇam abhyadravat kruddhaḥ
pataṅga iva pāvakam

SYNONYMS

tataḥ — then; rathāt — from his chariot; avaplutya — leaping down; khaḍga — a sword; paṇiḥ — in his hand; jighāṁsayā — with the desire to kill; kṛṣṇam — Lord Kṛṣṇa; abhyadravat — he ran toward; kruddhaḥ — furious; pataṅgaḥ — a bird; iva — as; pāvakam — the wind.

TRANSLATION

Then Rukmī leaped down from his chariot and, sword in hand, rushed furiously toward Kṛṣṇa to kill Him, like a bird flying into the wind.

VERSE 10.54.31

tasya cāpatataḥ khaḍgaṁ
tilaśaś carma ceṣubhiḥ
chittvāsim ādade tigmaṁ
rukmiṇaṁ hantum udyataḥ

SYNONYMS

tasya — of him; ca — and; āpatataḥ — who was attacking; khaḍgam — the sword; tilaśaḥ — into small pieces; carma — the shield; ca — and; iṣubhiḥ — with His arrows; chittvā — breaking; asim — His sword; ādade — He took; tigmam — sharp; rukmiṇam — Rukmī; hantum — to kill; udyataḥ — prepared.

TRANSLATION

As Rukmī attacked Him, the Lord shot arrows that broke Rukmī’s sword and shield into small pieces. Kṛṣṇa then took up His own sharp sword and prepared to kill Rukmī.

VERSE 10.54.32

dṛṣṭvā bhrātṛ-vadhodyogaṁ
rukmiṇī bhaya-vihvalā
patitvā pādayor bhartur
uvāca karuṇaṁ satī

SYNONYMS

dṛṣṭvā — seeing; bhrātṛ — her brother; vadha — to kill; udyogam — the attempt; rukmiṇī — Śrīmatī Rukmiṇī; bhaya — by fear; vihvalā — agitated; patitvā — falling; pādayoḥ — at the feet; bhartuḥ — of her husband; uvāca — spoke; karuṇam — pathetically; satī — saintly.

TRANSLATION

Seeing Lord Kṛṣṇa ready to kill her brother, saintly Rukmiṇī was filled with alarm. She fell at her husband’s feet and piteously spoke as follows.

VERSE 10.54.33

śrī-rukmiṇy uvāca

yogeśvarāprameyātman
deva-deva jagat-pate
hantuṁ nārhasi kalyāṇa
bhrātaraṁ me mahā-bhuja

SYNONYMS

śrī-rukmiṇī uvāca — Śrī Rukmiṇī said; yoga-īśvara — O controller of all mystic power; aprameya-ātman — O immeasurable one; deva-deva — O Lord of lords; jagat-pate — O master of the universe; hantum na arhasi — please do not kill; kalyāṇa — O all auspicious one; bhrātaram — brother; me — my; mahā-bhuja — O mighty-armed one.

TRANSLATION

Śrī Rukmiṇī said: O controller of all mystic power, immeasurable one, Lord of lords, master of the universe! O all auspicious and mighty-armed one, please do not kill my brother!

VERSE 10.54.34

śrī-śuka uvāca

tayā paritrāsa-vikampitāṅgayā
śucāvaśuṣyan-mukha-ruddha-kaṇṭhayā
kātarya-visraṁsita-hema-mālayā
gṛhīta-pādaḥ karuṇo nyavartata

SYNONYMS

śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; tayā — by her; paritrāsa — in total fear; vikampita — trembling; aṅgayā — whose limbs; śucā — out of sorrow; avaśuṣyat — drying up; mukha — whose mouth; ruddha — and choked; kaṇṭhayā — whose throat; kātarya — in her agitation; visraṁsita — disheveled; hema — golden; mālayā — whose necklace; gṛhīta — held; pādaḥ — His feet; karuṇaḥ — compassionate; nyavartata — He desisted.

TRANSLATION

Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Rukmiṇī’s utter fear caused her limbs to tremble and her mouth to dry up, while her throat choked up out of sorrow. And in her agitation her golden necklace scattered. She grasped Kṛṣṇa’s feet, and the Lord, feeling compassionate, desisted.

VERSE 10.54.35

cailena baddhvā tam asādhu-kārīṇaṁ
sa-śmaśru-keśaṁ pravapan vyarūpayat
tāvan mamarduḥ para-sainyam adbhutaṁ
yadu-pravīrā nalinīṁ yathā gajāḥ

SYNONYMS

cailena — with a strip of cloth; baddhvā — tying up; tam — him; asādhu-kāriṇam — the evil-doer; sa-śmaśru-keśam — leaving some of his mustache and hair remaining; pravapan — by shaving him; vyarūpayat — made him disfigured; tāvat — by then; mamarduḥ — they had crushed; para — opposing; sainyam — the army; adbhutam — extraordinary; yadu-pravīrāḥ — the heroes of the Yadu dynasty; nalinīm — a lotus flower; yathā — as; gajāḥ — elephants.

TRANSLATION

Lord Kṛṣṇa tied up the evil-doer with a strip of cloth. He then proceeded to disfigure Rukmī by comically shaving him, leaving parts of his mustache and hair. By that time the Yadu heroes had crushed the extraordinary army of their opponents, just as elephants crush a lotus flower.

VERSE 10.54.36

kṛṣṇāntikam upavrajya
dadṛśus tatra rukmiṇam
tathā-bhūtaṁ hata-prāyaṁ
dṛṣṭvā saṅkarṣaṇo vibhuḥ
vimucya baddhaṁ karuṇo
bhagavān kṛṣṇam abravīt

SYNONYMS

kṛṣṇa — of Kṛṣṇa; antikam — the proximity; upavrajya — approaching; dadṛśuḥ — they (the Yadu soldiers) saw; tatra — there; rukmiṇam — Rukmī; tathā-bhūtam — in such a condition; hata — dead; prāyam — practically; dṛṣṭvā — seeing; saṅkarṣaṇaḥ — Balarāma; vibhuḥ — the omnipotent; vimucya — releasing; baddham — the bound-up (Rukmī); karuṇaḥ — compassionate; bhagavān — the Lord; kṛṣṇam — to Kṛṣṇa; abravīt — said.

TRANSLATION

As the Yadus approached Lord Kṛṣṇa, they saw Rukmī in this sorry condition, practically dying of shame. When the all-powerful Lord Balarāma saw Rukmī, He compassionately released him and spoke the following to Lord Kṛṣṇa.

VERSE 10.54.37

asādhv idaṁ tvayā kṛṣṇa
kṛtam asmaj-jugupsitam
vapanaṁ śmaśru-keśānāṁ
vairūpyaṁ suhṛdo vadhaḥ

SYNONYMS

asādhu — improperly; idam — this; tvayā — by You; kṛṣṇa — O Kṛṣṇa; kṛtam — done; asmat — for Us; jugupsitam — terrible; vapanam — the shaving; śmaśru-keśānām — of his mustache and hair; vairūpyam — the disfigurement; suhṛdaḥ — of a family member; vadhaḥ — death.

TRANSLATION

[Lord Balarāma said:] My dear Kṛṣṇa, You have acted improperly! This deed will bring shame on Us, for to disfigure a close relative by shaving off his mustache and hair is as good as killing him.

VERSE 10.54.38

maivāsmān sādhvy asūyethā
bhrātur vairūpya-cintayā
sukha-duḥkha-do na cānyo ’sti
yataḥ sva-kṛta-bhuk pumān

SYNONYMS

— please do not; eva — indeed; asmān — toward Us; sādhvi — O saintly lady; asūyethāḥ — feel inimical; bhrātuḥ — of your brother; vairūpya — over the disfigurement; cintayā — out of concern; sukha — of happiness; duḥkha — and unhappiness; daḥ — bestower; na — not; ca — and; anyaḥ — anyone else; asti — there is; yataḥ — since; sva — of his own; kṛta — action; bhuk — the sufferer of the reaction; pumān — a man.

TRANSLATION

Saintly lady, please do not be displeased with Us out of anxiety for your brother’s disfigurement. No one but oneself is responsible for one’s joy and grief, for a man experiences the result of his own deeds.

VERSE 10.54.39

bandhur vadhārha-doṣo ’pi
na bandhor vadham arhati
tyājyaḥ svenaiva doṣeṇa
hataḥ kiṁ hanyate punaḥ

SYNONYMS

bandhuḥ — a relative; vadha — being killed; arha — which merits; doṣaḥ — whose wrong-doing; api — even though; na — not; bandhoḥ — from a relative; vadham — being killed; arhati — deserves; tyājyaḥ — to be cast out; svena eva — by his own; doṣeṇa — fault; hataḥ — killed; kim — why; hanyate — is to be killed; punaḥ — again.

TRANSLATION

[Again addressing Kṛṣṇa, Balarāma said:] A relative should not be killed even if his wrongdoing warrants capital punishment. Rather, he should be thrown out of the family. Since he has already been killed by his own sin, why kill him again?

VERSE 10.54.40

kṣatriyāṇām ayaṁ dharmaḥ
prajāpati-vinirmitaḥ
bhrātāpi bhrātaraṁ hanyād
yena ghoratamas tataḥ

SYNONYMS

kṣatriyāṇām — of warriors; ayam — this; dharmaḥ — code of sacred duty; prajāpati — by the original progenitor, Lord Brahmā; vinirmitaḥ — established; bhrātā — a brother; api — even; bhrātaram — his brother; hanyāt — has to kill; yena — by which (code); ghora-tamaḥ — most terrible; tataḥ — therefore.

TRANSLATION

[Turning to Rukmiṇī, Balarāma continued:] The code of sacred duty for warriors established by Lord Brahmā enjoins that one may have to kill even his own brother. That is indeed a most dreadful law.

VERSE 10.54.41

rājyasya bhūmer vittasya
striyo mānasya tejasaḥ
mānino ’nyasya vā hetoḥ
śrī-madāndhāḥ kṣipanti hi

SYNONYMS

rājyasya — of kingdom; bhūmeḥ — of land; vittasya — of wealth; striyaḥ — of a woman; mānasya — of honor; tejasaḥ — of power; māninaḥ — those who are proud; anyasya — of something else; — or; hetoḥ — for the reason; śrī — in their opulence; mada — by their intoxication; andhāḥ — blinded; kṣipanti — they commit insult; hi — indeed.

TRANSLATION

[Again Balarāma addressed Kṛṣṇa:] Blinded by conceit with their personal opulences, proud men offend others for the sake of such things as kingdom, land, wealth, women, honor and power.

VERSE 10.54.42

taveyaṁ viṣamā buddhiḥ
sarva-bhūteṣu durhṛdām
yan manyase sadābhadraṁ
suhṛdāṁ bhadram ajña-vat

SYNONYMS

tava — your; iyam — this; viṣamā — biased; buddhiḥ — attitude; sarva-bhūteṣu — toward all living beings; durhṛdām — of those who have ill intentions; yat — that; manyase — you wish; sadā — always; abhadram — evil; suhṛdām — to your well-wishers; bhadram — good; ajña-vat — like an ignorant person.

TRANSLATION

[To Rukmiṇī Balarāma said:] Your attitude is unfair, for like an ignorant person you wish good to those who are inimical to all living beings and who have done evil to your true well-wishers.

VERSE 10.54.43

ātma-moho nṛṇām eva
kalpate deva-māyayā
suhṛd durhṛd udāsīna
iti dehātma-māninām

SYNONYMS

ātma — about the self; mohaḥ — the bewilderment; nṛṇām — of men; eva — only; kalpate — is effected; deva — of the Supreme Lord; māyayā — by the illusory, material energy; suhṛt — a friend; durhṛt — an enemy; udāsīnaḥ — a neutral party; iti — thus thinking; deha — the body; ātma — as the self; māninām — for those who consider.

TRANSLATION

The Supreme Lord’s Māyā makes men forget their real selves, and thus, taking the body for the self, they consider others to be friends, enemies or neutral parties.

VERSE 10.54.44

eka eva paro hy ātmā
sarveṣām api dehinām
nāneva gṛhyate mūḍhair
yathā jyotir yathā nabhaḥ

SYNONYMS

ekaḥ — one; eva — only; paraḥ — the Supreme; hi — indeed; ātmā — Soul; sarveṣām — among all; api — and; dehinām — embodied beings; nānā — many; iva — as if; gṛhyate — is perceived; mūḍhaiḥ — by those who are bewildered; yathā — as; jyotiḥ — a celestial body; yathā — as; nabhaḥ — the sky.

TRANSLATION

Those who are bewildered perceive the one Supreme Soul, who resides in all embodied beings, as many, just as one may perceive the light in the sky, or the sky itself, as many.

VERSE 10.54.45

deha ādy-antavān eṣa
dravya-prāṇa-guṇātmakaḥ
ātmany avidyayā kḷptaḥ
saṁsārayati dehinam

SYNONYMS

dehaḥ — the material body; ādi — beginning; anta — and end; vān — having; eṣaḥ — this; dravya — of the physical elements; prāṇa — the senses; guṇa — and the primary modes of material nature (goodness, passion and ignorance); ātmakaḥ — composed; ātmani — on the self; avidyayā — by material ignorance; kḷptaḥ — imposed; saṁsārayati — causes to experience the cycle of birth and death; dehinam — an embodied being.

TRANSLATION

This material body, which has a beginning and an end, is composed of the physical elements, the senses and the modes of nature. The body, imposed on the self by material ignorance, causes one to experience the cycle of birth and death.

VERSE 10.54.46

nātmano ’nyena saṁyogo
viyogaś casataḥ sati
tad-dhetutvāt tat-prasiddher
dṛg-rūpābhyāṁ yathā raveḥ

SYNONYMS

na — not; ātmanaḥ — for the self; anyena — with anything else; saṁyogaḥ — contact; viyogaḥ — separation; ca — and; asataḥ — with that which is insubstantial; sati — O discriminating one; tat — from it (the self); hetutvāt — because of originating; tat — by it (the self); prasiddheḥ — because of being revealed; dṛk — with the sense of vision; rūpābhyām — and visible form; yathā — as; raveḥ — for the sun.

TRANSLATION

O intelligent lady, the soul never undergoes contact with or separation from insubstantial, material objects, because the soul is their very origin and illuminator. Thus the soul resembles the sun, which neither comes in contact with nor separates from the sense of sight and what is seen.

VERSE 10.54.47

janmādayas tu dehasya
vikriyā nātmanaḥ kvacit
kalānām iva naivendor
mṛtir hy asya kuhūr iva

SYNONYMS

janma-ādayaḥ — birth and so on; tu — but; dehasya — of the body; vikriyāḥ — transformations; na — not; ātmanaḥ — of the self; kvacit — ever; kalānām — of the phases; iva — as; na — not; eva — indeed; indoḥ — of the moon; mṛtiḥ — the death; hi — indeed; asya — of it; kuhūḥ — the new moon day; iva — as.

TRANSLATION

Birth and other transformations are undergone by the body but never by the self, just as change occurs for the moon’s phases but never for the moon, though the new-moon day may be called the moon’s “death.”

VERSE 10.54.48

yathā śayāna ātmānaṁ
viṣayān phalam eva ca
anubhuṅkte ’py asaty arthe
tathāpnoty abudho bhavam

SYNONYMS

yathā — as; śayānaḥ — a sleeping person; ātmānam — himself; viṣayān — sense objects; phalam — the fruits; eva — indeed; ca — also; anubhuṅkte — experiences; api — even; asati arthe — in that which is not real; tathā — so; āpnoti — undergoes; abudhaḥ — the unintelligent; bhavam — material existence.

TRANSLATION

As a sleeping person perceives himself, the objects of sense enjoyment and the fruits of his acts within the illusion of a dream, so one who is unintelligent undergoes material existence.

VERSE 10.54.49

tasmād ajñāna-jaṁ śokam
ātma-śoṣa-vimohanam
tattva-jñānena nirhṛtya
sva-sthā bhava śuci-smite

SYNONYMS

tasmāt — therefore; ajñāna — out of ignorance; jam — born; śokam — the lamentation; ātma — yourself; śoṣa — drying up; vimohanam — and bewildering; tattva — of the truth; jñānena — with knowledge; nirhṛtya — dispelling; sva-sthā — reinstated in your natural mood; bhava — please be; śuci-smite — O you whose smile is pure.

TRANSLATION

Therefore, with transcendental knowledge dispel the grief that is weakening and confounding your mind. Please resume your natural mood, O princess of the pristine smile.

VERSE 10.54.50

śrī-śuka uvāca

evaṁ bhagavatā tanvī
rāmeṇa pratibodhitā
vaimanasyaṁ parityajya
mano buddhyā samādadhe

SYNONYMS

śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; evam — thus; bhagavatā — by the Supreme Lord; tanvī — slender-waisted Rukmiṇī; rāmeṇa — by Balarāma; pratibodhitā — enlightened; vaimanasyam — her depression; parityajya — giving up; manaḥ — her mind; buddhyā — by intelligence; samādadhe — composed.

TRANSLATION

Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Thus enlightened by Lord Balarāma, slender Rukmiṇī forgot her depression and steadied her mind by spiritual intelligence.

VERSE 10.54.51

prāṇāvaśeṣa utsṛṣṭo
dviḍbhir hata-bala-prabhaḥ
smaran virūpa-karaṇaṁ
vitathātma-manorathaḥ
cakre bhojakaṭaṁ nāma
nivāsāya mahat puram

SYNONYMS

prāṇa — his life air; avaśeṣaḥ — remaining only; utṣṛṣṭaḥ — expelled; dviḍbhiḥ — by his enemies; hata — destroyed; bala — his strength; prabhaḥ — and bodily effulgence; smaran — remembering; virūpa-karaṇam — his disfigurement; vitatha — frustrated; ātma — his personal; manaḥ-rathaḥ — desires; cakre — he made; bhoja-kaṭam nāma — named Bhojakaṭa; nivāsāya — for his residence; mahat — large; puram — a city.

TRANSLATION

Left with only his life air, cast out by his enemies and deprived of his strength and bodily radiance, Rukmī could not forget how he had been disfigured. In frustration he constructed for his residence a large city, which he called Bhojakaṭa.

VERSE 10.54.52

ahatvā durmatiṁ kṛṣṇam
apratyūhya yavīyasīm
kuṇḍinaṁ na pravekṣyāmīty
uktvā tatrāvasad ruṣā

SYNONYMS

ahatvā — without killing; durmatim — evil-minded; kṛṣṇam — Kṛṣṇa; apratyūhya — without bringing back; yavīyasīm — my younger sister; kuṇḍinam — Kuṇḍina; na pravekṣyāmi — I will not enter; iti — such; uktvā — having spoken; tatra — there (in the same place where he had been disfigured); avasat — he took up residence; ruṣā — in anger.

TRANSLATION

Because he had promised “I will not reenter Kuṇḍina until I have killed wicked Kṛṣṇa and brought back my younger sister,” in a mood of angry frustration Rukmī took up residence at that very place.

VERSE 10.54.53

bhagavān bhīṣmaka-sutām
evaṁ nirjitya bhūmi-pān
puram ānīya vidhi-vad
upayeme kurūdvaha

SYNONYMS

bhagavān — the Supreme Lord; bhīṣmaka-sutām — the daughter of Bhīṣmaka; evam — thus; nirjitya — defeating; bhūmi-pān — the kings; puram — to His capital; ānīya — bringing; vidhi-vat — in accordance with the injunctions of the Vedas; upayeme — married; kuru-udvaha — O protector of the Kurus.

TRANSLATION

Thus defeating all the opposing kings, the Supreme Personality of Godhead brought the daughter of Bhīṣmaka to His capital and married her according to the Vedic injunctions, O protector of the Kurus.

VERSE 10.54.54

tadā mahotsavo nṝṇāṁ
yadu-puryāṁ gṛhe gṛhe
abhūd ananya-bhāvānāṁ
kṛṣṇe yadu-patau nṛpa

SYNONYMS

tadā — then; mahā-utsavaḥ — great rejoicing; nṝṇām — by the people; yadu-puryām — in the capital of the Yadus, Dvārakā; gṛhe gṛhe — in each and every home; abhūt — arose; ananya-bhāvānām — who had exclusive love; kṛṣṇe — for Kṛṣṇa; yadu-patau — the chief of the Yadus; nṛpa — O King (Parīkṣit).

TRANSLATION

At that time, O King, there was great rejoicing in all the homes of Yadupurī, whose citizens loved only Kṛṣṇa, chief of the Yadus.

VERSE 10.54.55

narā nāryaś ca muditāḥ
pramṛṣṭa-maṇi-kuṇḍalāḥ
pāribarham upājahrur
varayoś citra-vāsasoḥ

SYNONYMS

narāḥ — the men; nāryaḥ — women; ca — and; muditāḥ — joyful; pramṛṣṭa — polished; maṇi — their jewels; kuṇḍalāḥ — and earrings; pāribarham — wedding gifts; upājahruḥ — they respectfully presented; varayoḥ — to the groom and the bride; citra — wonderful; vāsasoḥ — whose dress.

TRANSLATION

All the men and women, full of joy and adorned with shining jewels and earrings, brought wedding presents, which they reverently offered to the exquisitely dressed groom and bride.

VERSE 10.54.56

sā vṛṣṇi-pury uttambhitendra-ketubhir
vicitra-mālyāmbara-ratna-toraṇaiḥ
babhau prati-dvāry upakḷpta-maṅgalair
āpūrṇa-kumbhāguru-dhūpa-dīpakaiḥ

SYNONYMS

— that; vṛṣṇi-purī — city of the Vṛṣṇis; uttambhita — upraised; indra-ketubhiḥ — with festive columns; vicitra — variegated; mālya — having flower garlands; ambara — cloth banners; ratna — and jewels; toraṇaiḥ — with archways; babhau — appeared beautiful; prati — in every; dvāri — doorway; upakḷpta — arranged; maṅgalaiḥ — with auspicious items; āpūrṇa — full; kumbha — waterpots; aguru — scented with aguru; dhūpa — with incense; dīpakaiḥ — and lamps.

TRANSLATION

The city of the Vṛṣṇis appeared most beautiful: there were tall, festive columns, and also archways decorated with flower garlands, cloth banners and precious gems. Arrangements of auspicious, full waterpots, aguru-scented incense, and lamps graced every doorway.

VERSE 10.54.57

sikta-mārgā mada-cyudbhir
āhūta-preṣṭha-bhūbhujām
gajair dvāḥsu parāmṛṣṭa-
rambhā-pūgopaśobhitā

SYNONYMS

sikta — sprinkled; mārgā — its streets; mada — a secretion that flows from the foreheads of excited elephants; cyudbhiḥ — exuding; āhūta — invited; preṣṭha — beloved; bhū-bhujām — of the kings; gajaiḥ — by the elephants; dvāḥsu — in the doorways; parāmṛṣṭa — handled; rambhā — by plantain trees; pūga — and betel-nut trees; upaśobhitā — beautified.

TRANSLATION

The city’s streets were cleansed by the intoxicated elephants belonging to the beloved kings who were guests at the wedding, and these elephants further enhanced the beauty of the city by placing trunks of plantain and betel-nut trees in all the doorways.

VERSE 10.54.58

kuru-sṛñjaya-kaikeya-
vidarbha-yadu-kuntayaḥ
mitho mumudire tasmin
sambhramāt paridhāvatām

SYNONYMS

kuru-sṛñjaya-kaikeya-vidarbha-yadu-kuntayaḥ — of the members of the Kuru, Sṛñjaya, Kaikeya, Vidarbha, Yadu and Kunti clans; mithaḥ — with one another; mumudire — they took pleasure; tasmin — in that (festivity); sambhramāt — out of excitement; paridhāvatām — among those who were running about.

TRANSLATION

Those who belonged to the royal families of the Kuru, Sṛñjaya, Kaikeya, Vidarbha, Yadu and Kunti clans joyfully met one another in the midst of the crowds of people excitedly running here and there.

VERSE 10.54.59

rukmiṇyā haraṇaṁ śrutvā
gīyamānaṁ tatas tataḥ
rājāno rāja-kanyāś ca
babhūvur bhṛśa-vismitāḥ

SYNONYMS

rukmiṇyāḥ — of Rukmiṇī; haraṇam — about the kidnapping; śrutvā — hearing; gīyamānam — which was being sung; tataḥ tataḥ — all over; rājānaḥ — the kings; rāja-kanyāḥ — the kings’ daughters; ca — and; babhūvuḥ — became; bhṛśa — extremely; vismitāḥ — amazed.

TRANSLATION

The kings and their daughters were totally astonished to hear the story of Rukmiṇī’s abduction, which was being glorified in song everywhere.

VERSE 10.54.60

dvārakāyām abhūd rājan
mahā-modaḥ puraukasām
rukmiṇyā ramayopetaṁ
dṛṣṭvā kṛṣṇaṁ śriyaḥ patim

SYNONYMS

dvārakāyām — in Dvārakā; abhūt — there was; rājan — O King; mahā-modaḥ — great joy; pura-okasām — for the inhabitants of the city; rukmiṇyā — with Rukmiṇī; ramayā — the goddess of fortune; upetam — joined; dṛṣṭvā — seeing; kṛṣṇam — Lord Kṛṣṇa; śriyaḥ — of all opulence; patim — the master.

TRANSLATION

Dvārakā’s citizens were overjoyed to see Kṛṣṇa, the Lord of all opulence, united with Rukmiṇī, the goddess of fortune.