Śrīmad Bhāgavatam|Canto 10 Chapter 45

Kṛṣṇa Rescues His Teacher’s Son

VERSE 10.45.1

śrī-śuka uvāca

pitarāv upalabdhārthau
viditvā puruṣottamaḥ
mā bhūd iti nijāṁ māyāṁ
tatāna jana-mohinīm

SYNONYMS

śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; pitarau — His parents; upalabdha — having realized; arthau — the idea (of His opulent position as God); viditvā — knowing; puruṣa-uttamaḥ — the Supreme Personality; bhūt iti — “this should not be”; nijām — His personal; māyām — illusory potency; tatāna — He expanded; jana — His devotees; mohinīm — which bewilders.

TRANSLATION

Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Understanding that His parents were becoming aware of His transcendental opulences, the Supreme Personality of Godhead thought that this should not be allowed to happen. Thus He expanded His Yoga-māyā, which bewilders His devotees.

VERSE 10.45.2

uvāca pitarāv etya
sāgrajaḥ sātvatarṣabhaḥ
praśrayāvanataḥ prīṇann
amba tāteti sādaram

SYNONYMS

uvāca — He said; pitarau — to His parents; etya — approaching them; sa — together with; agra-jaḥ — His elder brother, Lord Balarāma; sātvata — of the Sātvata dynasty; ṛṣabhaḥ — the greatest hero; praśraya — with humility; avanataḥ — bowing down; prīṇan — gratifying them; amba tāta iti — “My dear mother, My dear father”; sa-ādaram — respectfully.

TRANSLATION

Lord Kṛṣṇa, the greatest of the Sātvatas, approached His parents with His elder brother. Humbly bowing His head and gratifying them by respectfully addressing them as “My dear mother” and “My dear father,” Kṛṣṇa spoke as follows.

VERSE 10.45.3

nāsmatto yuvayos tāta
nityotkaṇṭhitayor api
bālya-paugaṇḍa-kaiśorāḥ
putrābhyām abhavan kvacit

SYNONYMS

na — not; asmattaḥ — because of Us; yuvayoḥ — for you two; tāta — O dear father; nitya — always; utkaṇṭhitayoḥ — who have been in anxiety; api — indeed; bālya — (the pleasures of) the toddler age; paugaṇḍa — boyhood; kaiśoraḥ — and youth; putrābhyām — because of your two sons; abhavan — there were; kvacit — at all.

TRANSLATION

[Lord Kṛṣṇa said:] Dear Father, because of Us, your two sons, you and mother Devakī always remained in anxiety and could never enjoy Our childhood, boyhood or youth.

VERSE 10.45.4

na labdho daiva-hatayor
vāso nau bhavad-antike
yāṁ bālāḥ pitṛ-geha-sthā
vindante lālitā mudam

SYNONYMS

na — not; labdhaḥ — obtained; daiva — by fate; hatayoḥ — who have been deprived; vāsaḥ — residence; nau — by Us; bhavat-antike — in your presence; yām — which; bālāḥ — children; pitṛ — of their parents; geha — in the home; sthaḥ — staying; vindante — experience; lālitāḥ — pampered; mudam — happiness.

TRANSLATION

Deprived by fate, We could not live with you and enjoy the pampered happiness most children enjoy in their parents’ home.

VERSE 10.45.5

sarvārtha-sambhavo deho
janitaḥ poṣito yataḥ
na tayor yāti nirveśaṁ
pitror martyaḥ śatāyuṣā

SYNONYMS

sarva — of all; artha — goals of life; sambhavaḥ — the source; dehaḥ — one’s body; janitaḥ — born; poṣitaḥ — maintained; yataḥ — from whom; na — not; tayoḥ — to them; yāti — one achieves; nirveśam — repayment of the debt; pitroḥ — to the parents; martyaḥ — a mortal; śata — of one hundred (years); āyuṣā — with a life span.

TRANSLATION

With one’s body one can acquire all goals of life, and it is one’s parents who give the body birth and sustenance. Therefore no mortal man can repay his debt to his parents, even if he serves them for a full lifetime of a hundred years.

VERSE 10.45.6

yas tayor ātmajaḥ kalpa
ātmanā ca dhanena ca
vṛttiṁ na dadyāt taṁ pretya
sva-māṁsaṁ khādayanti hi

SYNONYMS

yaḥ — who; tayoḥ — of them; ātma-jaḥ — a son; kalpaḥ — capable; ātmanā — with his physical resources; ca — and; dhanena — with his wealth; ca — also; vṛttim — a livelihood; na dadyāt — does not give; tam — him; pretya — after passing away; sva — his own; māṁsam — flesh; khādayanti — they make eat; hi — indeed.

TRANSLATION

A son who, though able to do so, fails to provide for his parents with his physical resources and wealth is forced after his death to eat his own flesh.

VERSE 10.45.7

mātaraṁ pitaraṁ vṛddhaṁ
bhāryāṁ sādhvīṁ sutam śiśum
guruṁ vipraṁ prapannaṁ ca
kalpo ’bibhrac chvasan-mṛtaḥ

SYNONYMS

mātaram — one’s mother; pitaram — and father; vṛddham — elderly; bhāryām — one’s wife; sādhvīm — chaste; sutam — one’s child; śiśum — very young; gurum — a spiritual master; vipram — a brāhmaṇa; prapannam — a person who has come to one for shelter; ca — and; kalpaḥ — able; abibhrat — not maintaining; śvasan — breathing; mṛtaḥ — dead.

TRANSLATION

A man who, though able to do so, fails to support his elderly parents, chaste wife, young child or spiritual master, or who neglects a brāhmaṇa or anyone who comes to him for shelter, is considered dead, though breathing.

VERSE 10.45.8

tan nāv akalpayoḥ kaṁsān
nityam udvigna-cetasoḥ
mogham ete vyatikrāntā
divasā vām anarcatoḥ

SYNONYMS

tat — therefore; nau — of Us two; akalpayoḥ — who were unable; kaṁsāt — because of Kaṁsa; nityam — always; udvigna — disturbed; cetasoḥ — whose minds; mogham — uselessly; ete — these; vyatikrāntāḥ — spent; divasāḥ — days; vām — you; anarcatoḥ — not honoring.

TRANSLATION

Thus We have wasted all these days, unable as We were to properly honor you because Our minds were always disturbed by fear of Kaṁsa.

VERSE 10.45.9

tat kṣantum arhathas tāta
mātar nau para-tantrayoḥ
akurvator vāṁ śuśrūṣāṁ
kliṣṭayor durhṛdā bhṛśam

SYNONYMS

tat — that; kṣantum — forgive; arhathaḥ — you may please; tāta — O Father; mātaḥ — O Mother; nau — on the part of Us; para-tantrayoḥ — who are under the control of others; akurvatoḥ — not executing; vām — your; śuśrūṣām — service; kliṣṭayoḥ — caused pain; durhṛdā — by the hardhearted (Kaṁsa); bhṛśam — greatly.

TRANSLATION

Dear Father and Mother, please forgive Us for not serving you. We are not independent and have been greatly frustrated by cruel Kaṁsa.

VERSE 10.45.10

śrī-śuka uvāca

iti māyā-manuṣyasya
harer viśvātmano girā
mohitāv aṅkam āropya
pariṣvajyāpatur mudam

SYNONYMS

śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; iti — thus; māyā — by His internal illusory potency; manuṣyasya — of Him who appears as a human; hareḥ — Lord Śrī Hari; viśva — of the universe; ātmanaḥ — the Soul; girā — by the words; mohitau — bewildered; aṅkam — upon their laps; āropya — raising; pariṣvajya — embracing; āpatuḥ — they both experienced; mudam — joy.

TRANSLATION

Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Thus beguiled by the words of Lord Hari, the Supreme Soul of the universe, who by His internal illusory potency appeared to be a human, His parents joyfully raised Him up on their laps and embraced Him.

VERSE 10.45.11

siñcantāv aśru-dhārābhiḥ
sneha-pāśena cāvṛtau
na kiñcid ūcatū rājan
bāṣpa-kaṇṭhau vimohitau

SYNONYMS

siñcantau — sprinkling; aśru — of tears; dhārābhiḥ — with showers; sneha — of affection; pāśena — by the rope; ca — and; āvṛtau — enveloped; na — not; kiñcit — anything; ūcatuḥ — they spoke; rājan — O King (Parīkṣit); bāṣpa — (full of) tears; kaṇṭhau — whose throats; vimohitau — overwhelmed.

TRANSLATION

Pouring out a shower of tears upon the Lord, His parents, who were bound up by the rope of affection, could not speak. They were overwhelmed, O King, and their throats choked up with tears.

VERSE 10.45.12

evam āśvāsya pitarau
bhagavān devakī-sutaḥ
mātāmahaṁ tūgrasenaṁ
yadūnām akaron ṇṛpam

SYNONYMS

evam — in this way; āśvāsya — assuring; pitarau — His parents; bhagavān — the Supreme Lord; devakī-sutaḥ — the son of Devakī; mātāmaham — His maternal grandfather; tu — and; ugrasenam — Ugrasena; yadūnām — of the Yadus; akarot — He made; nṛpam — King.

TRANSLATION

Thus having comforted His mother and father, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, appearing as the son of Devakī, installed His maternal grandfather, Ugrasena, as King of the Yadus.

VERSE 10.45.13

āha cāsmān mahā-rāja
prajāś cājñaptum arhasi
yayāti-śāpād yadubhir
nāsitavyaṁ nṛpāsane

SYNONYMS

āha — He (Lord Kṛṣṇa) said; ca — and; asmān — Us; mahā-rāja — O great King; prajāḥ — your subjects; ca — also; ājñaptum arhasi — please command; yayāti — by the ancient King Yayāti; śāpāt — because of the curse; yadubhiḥ — the Yadus; na āsitavyam — should not sit; nṛpa — royal; āsane — on the throne.

TRANSLATION

The Lord told him: O mighty King, We are your subjects, so please command Us. Indeed, because of the curse of Yayāti, no Yadu may sit on the royal throne.

VERSE 10.45.14

mayi bhṛtya upāsīne
bhavato vibudhādayaḥ
baliṁ haranty avanatāḥ
kim utānye narādhipāḥ

SYNONYMS

mayi — when I; bhṛtye — as a servant; upāsīne — am present in attendance; bhavataḥ — to you; vibudha — the demigods; ādayaḥ — and so on; balim — tribute; haranti — will bring; avanatāḥ — bowed down in humility; kim uta — what then to speak of; anye — other; nara — of men; adhipāḥ — rulers.

TRANSLATION

Since I am present in your entourage as your personal attendant, all the demigods and other exalted personalities will come with heads bowed to offer you tribute. What, then, to speak of the rulers of men?

VERSE 10.45.15-16

sarvān svān jñati-sambandhān
digbhyaḥ kaṁsa-bhayākulān
yadu-vṛṣṇy-andhaka-madhu
dāśārha-kukurādikān

sabhājitān samāśvāsya
videśāvāsa-karśitān
nyavāsayat sva-geheṣu
vittaiḥ santarpya viśva-kṛt

SYNONYMS

sarvān — all; svān — His; jñāti — close family members; sambandhān — and other relations; digbhyaḥ — from all directions; kaṁsa-bhaya — by fear of Kaṁsa; ākulān — disturbed; yadu-vṛṣṇi-andhaka-madhu-dāśārha kukura-ādikān — the Yadus, Vṛṣṇis, Andhakas, Madhus, Dāśārhas, Kukuras and so on; sabhājitān — shown honor; samāśvāsya — consoling them; videśa — in foreign regions; āvāsa — by living; karśitān — made weary; nyavāsayat — He settled; sva — in their own; geheṣu — homes; vittaiḥ — with valuable gifts; santarpya — gratifying; viśva — of the universe; kṛt — the maker.

TRANSLATION

The Lord then brought all His close family members and other relatives back from the various places to which they had fled in fear of Kaṁsa. He received the Yadus, Vṛṣṇis, Andhakas, Madhus, Dāśārhas, Kukuras and other clans with due honor, and He also consoled them, for they were weary of living in foreign lands. Then Lord Kṛṣṇa, the creator of the universe, resettled them in their homes and gratified them with valuable gifts.

VERSE 10.45.17-18

kṛṣṇa-saṅkarṣaṇa-bhujair
guptā labdha-manorathāḥ
gṛheṣu remire siddhāḥ
kṛṣṇa-rāma-gata-jvarāḥ

vīkṣanto ’har ahaḥ prītā
mukunda-vadanāmbujam
nityaṁ pramuditaṁ śrīmat
sa-daya-smita-vīkṣaṇam

SYNONYMS

kṛṣṇa-saṅkarṣaṇa — of Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma; bhujaiḥ — by the arms; guptāḥ — protected; labdha — obtaining; manaḥ-rathāḥ — their desires; gṛheṣu — in their homes; remire — they enjoyed; siddhāḥ — perfectly fulfilled; kṛṣṇa-rāma — because of Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma; gata — ceased; jvarāḥ — the fever (of material life); vīkṣantaḥ — seeing; ahaḥ ahaḥ — day after day; prītāḥ — loving; mukunda — of Lord Kṛṣṇa; vadana — the face; ambujam — lotuslike; nityam — always; pramuditam — cheerful; śrīmat — beautiful; sa-daya — merciful; smita — smiling; vīkṣaṇam — with glances.

TRANSLATION

The members of these clans, protected by the arms of Lord Kṛṣṇa and Lord Saṅkarṣaṇa, felt that all their desires were fulfilled. Thus they enjoyed perfect happiness while living at home with their families. Because of the presence of Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma, they no longer suffered from the fever of material existence. Every day these loving devotees could see Mukunda’s ever-cheerful lotus face, which was decorated with beautiful, merciful smiling glances.

VERSE 10.45.19

tatra pravayaso ’py āsan
yuvāno ’ti-balaujasaḥ
pibanto ’kṣair mukundasya
mukhāmbuja-sudhāṁ muhuḥ

SYNONYMS

tatra — there (in Mathurā); pravayasaḥ — the most elderly; api — even; āsan — were; yuvānaḥ — youthful; ati — having abundant; bala — strength; ojasaḥ — and vitality; pibantaḥ — drinking; akṣaiḥ — with their eyes; mukundasya — of Lord Kṛṣṇa; mukha-ambuja — of the lotus face; sudhām — the nectar; muhuḥ — repeatedly.

TRANSLATION

Even the most elderly inhabitants of the city appeared youthful, full of strength and vitality, for with their eyes they constantly drank the elixir of Lord Mukunda’s lotus face.

VERSE 10.45.20

atha nandaṁ samasādya
bhagavān devakī-sutaḥ
saṅkarṣaṇaś ca rājendra
pariṣvajyedam ūcatuḥ

SYNONYMS

atha — then; nandam — Nanda Mahārāja; samāsādya — approaching; bhagavān — the Supreme Lord; devakī-sutaḥ — Kṛṣṇa, the son of Devakī; saṅkarṣaṇaḥ — Lord Balarāma; ca — and; rāja-indra — O exalted King (Parīkṣit); pariṣvajya — embracing him; idam — this; ūcatuḥ — They said.

TRANSLATION

Then, O exalted Parīkṣit, the Supreme Lord Kṛṣṇa, the son of Devakī, along with Lord Balarāma, approached Nanda Mahārāja. The two Lords embraced him and then addressed him as follows.

VERSE 10.45.21

pitar yuvābhyāṁ snigdhābhyāṁ
poṣitau lālitau bhṛśam
pitror abhyadhikā prītir
ātmajeṣv ātmano ’pi hi

SYNONYMS

pitaḥ — O Father; yuvābhyām — by you two; snigdhābhyām — affectionate; poṣitau — maintained; lālitau — coddled; bhṛśam — thoroughly; pitroḥ — for parents; abhyadhikā — greater; prītiḥ — love; ātmajeṣu — for their children; ātmanaḥ — than for themselves; api — even; hi — indeed.

TRANSLATION

[Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma said:] O Father, you and mother Yaśodā have affectionately maintained Us and cared for Us so much! Indeed, parents love their children more than their own lives.

VERSE 10.45.22

sa pitā sā ca jananī
yau puṣṇītāṁ sva-putra-vat
śiśūn bandhubhir utsṛṣṭān
akalpaiḥ poṣa-rakṣaṇe

SYNONYMS

saḥ — he; pitā — father; — she; ca — and; jananī — mother; yau — who; puṣṇītām — nourish; sva — their own; putra — sons; vat — like; śiśūn — children; bandhubhiḥ — by their family; utsṛṣṭān — abandoned; akalpaiḥ — who are unable; poṣa — to maintain; rakṣaṇe — and protect.

TRANSLATION

They are the real father and mother who care for, as they would their own sons, children abandoned by relatives unable to maintain and protect them.

VERSE 10.45.23

yāta yūyaṁ vrajaṁn tāta
vayaṁ ca sneha-duḥkhitān
jñātīn vo draṣṭum eṣyāmo
vidhāya suhṛdāṁ sukham

SYNONYMS

yata — please go; yūyam — all of you (cowherds); vrajam — to Vraja; tāta — My dear father; vayam — We; ca — and; sneha — due to loving affection; duḥkhitān — miserable; jñātīn — relatives; vaḥ — you; draṣṭum — to see; eṣyāmaḥ — will come; vidhāya — after bestowing; suhṛdām — to your loving friends; sukham — happiness.

TRANSLATION

Now you should all return to Vraja, dear Father. We shall come to see you, Our dear relatives who suffer in separation from Us, as soon as We have given some happiness to your well-wishing friends.

VERSE 10.45.24

evaṁ sāntvayya bhagavān
nandaṁ sa-vrajam acyutaḥ
vāso-’laṅkāra-kupyādyair
arhayām āsa sādaram

SYNONYMS

evam — in this manner; sāntvayya — consoling; bhagavān — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; nandam — King Nanda; sa-vrajam — together with the other men of Vraja; acyutaḥ — the infallible Lord; vāsaḥ — with clothing; alaṅkāra — jewelry; kupya — vessels made of metals other than gold or silver; ādyaiḥ — and so on; arhayām āsa — He honored them; sa-ādaram — respectfully.

TRANSLATION

Thus consoling Nanda Mahārāja and the other men of Vraja, the infallible Supreme Lord respectfully honored them with gifts of clothing, jewelry, household utensils and so on.

VERSE 10.45.25

ity uktas tau pariṣvajya
nandaḥ praṇaya-vihvalaḥ
pūrayann aśrubhir netre
saha gopair vrajaṁ yayau

SYNONYMS

iti — thus; uktaḥ — addressed; tau — the two of Them; pariṣvajya — embracing; nandaḥ — Nanda Mahārāja; praṇaya — with affection; vihvalaḥ — overwhelmed; pūrayan — filling; aśrubhiḥ — with tears; netre — his eyes; saha — together with; gopaiḥ — the cowherds; vrajam — to Vraja; yayau — went.

TRANSLATION

Nanda Mahārāja was overwhelmed with affection upon hearing Kṛṣṇa’s words, and his eyes brimmed with tears as he embraced the two Lords. Then he went back to Vraja with the cowherd men.

VERSE 10.45.26

atha śūra-suto rājan
putrayoḥ samakārayat
purodhasā brāhmaṇaiś ca
yathāvad dvija-saṁskṛtim

SYNONYMS

atha — then; śūra-sutaḥ — the son of Śūrasena (Vasudeva); rājan — O King (Parīkṣit); putrayoḥ — of his two sons; samakārayat — had performed; purodhasā — by a priest; brāhmaṇaiḥ — by brāhmaṇas; ca — and; yathā-vat — properly; dvija-saṁskṛtim — second-birth initiation.

TRANSLATION

My dear King, then Vasudeva, the son of Śūrasena, arranged for a priest and other brāhmaṇas to perform his two sons’ second-birth initiation.

VERSE 10.45.27

tebhyo ’dād dakṣiṇā gāvo
rukma-mālāḥ sv-alaṅkṛtāḥ
sv-alaṅkṛtebhyaḥ sampūjya
sa-vatsāḥ kṣauma-mālinīḥ

SYNONYMS

tebhyaḥ — to them (the brāhmaṇas); adāt — he gave; dakṣiṇāḥ — gifts in remuneration; gāvaḥ — cows; rukma — of gold; mālāḥ — with necklaces; su — well; alaṅkṛtāḥ — ornamented; su-alaṅkṛtebhyaḥ — to the well-ornamented (brāhmaṇas); sampūjya — worshiping them; sa — having; vatsāḥ — calves; kṣauma — of linen; mālinīḥ — wearing garlands.

TRANSLATION

Vasudeva honored these brāhmaṇas by worshiping them and giving them fine ornaments and well-ornamented cows with their calves. All these cows wore gold necklaces and linen wreaths.

VERSE 10.45.28

yāḥ kṛṣṇa-rāma-janmarkṣe
mano-dattā mahā-matiḥ
tāś cādadād anusmṛtya
kaṁsenādharmato hṛtāḥ

SYNONYMS

yaḥ — which (cows); kṛṣṇa-rāma — of Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma; janmaṛkṣe — on the day of birth; manaḥ — in his mind; dattāḥ — given in charity; mahā-matiḥ — the magnanimous (Vasudeva); tāḥ — them; ca — and; ādadāt — he gave; anusmṛtya — remembering; kaṁsena — by Kaṁsa; adharmataḥ — impiously; hṛtaḥ — taken away.

TRANSLATION

The magnanimous Vasudeva then remembered the cows he had mentally given away on the occasion of Kṛṣṇa’s and Balarāma’s birth. Kaṁsa had stolen those cows, and Vasudeva now recovered them and gave them away in charity also.

VERSE 10.45.29

tataś ca labdha-saṁskārau
dvijatvaṁ prāpya su-vratau
gargād yadu-kulācāryād
gāyatraṁ vratam āsthitau

SYNONYMS

tataḥ — then; ca — and; labdha — having received; saṁskārau — initiation (Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma); dvijatvam — twice-born status; prāpya — attaining; su-vratau — sincere in Their vows; gargāt — from Garga Muni; yadu-kula — of the Yadu dynasty; ācāryāt — from the spiritual master; gāyatram — of celibacy; vratam — the vow; āsthitau — assumed.

TRANSLATION

After attaining twice-born status through initiation, the Lords, sincere in Their vows, took the further vow of celibacy from Garga Muni, the spiritual master of the Yadus.

VERSE 10.45.30-31

prabhavau sarva-vidyānāṁ
sarva-jñau jagad-īśvarau
nānya-siddhāmalaṁ jñānaṁ
gūhamānau narehitaiḥ

atho gurukule vāsam
icchantāv upajagmatuḥ
kāśyaṁ sāndīpaniṁ nāma
hy avanti-pura-vāsinam

SYNONYMS

prabhavau — They who were the origin; sarva — of all varieties; vidyānām — of knowledge; sarva-jñau — omniscient; jagat-īśvarau — the Lords of the universe; na — not; anya — from any other source; siddha — achieved; amalam — impeccable; jñānam — knowledge; gūhamānau — hiding; nara — humanlike; īhitaiḥ — by Their activities; atha u — then; guru — of the spiritual master; kule — in the school; vāsam — residence; icchantau — desiring; upajagatuḥ — They approached; kāśyam — the native of Kāśī (Benares); sāndīpanim nāma — named Sāndīpani; hi — indeed; avanti-pura — in the city of Avantī (modern Ujjain); vāsinam — living.

TRANSLATION

Concealing Their innately perfect knowledge by Their humanlike activities, those two omniscient Lords of the universe, Themselves the origin of all branches of knowledge, next desired to reside at the school of a spiritual master. Thus They approached Sāndīpani Muni, a native of Kāsī living in the city of Avantī.

VERSE 10.45.32

yathopasādya tau dāntau
gurau vṛttim aninditām
grāhayantāv upetau sma
bhaktyā devam ivādṛtau

SYNONYMS

yathā — fittingly; upasādya — obtaining; tau — Them; dāntau — who were self-controlled; gurau — to one’s spiritual master; vṛttim — service; aninditām — irreproachable; grāhayantau — making others take to; upetau — approaching for service; sma — indeed; bhaktyā — with devotion; devam — the Supreme Lord; iva — as if; ādṛtau — respected (by the guru).

TRANSLATION

Sāndīpani thought very highly of these two self-controlled disciples, whom he had obtained so fortuitously. By serving him as devotedly as one would serve the Supreme Lord Himself, They showed others an irreproachable example of how to worship the spiritual master.

VERSE 10.45.33

tayor dvija-varas tuṣṭaḥ
śuddha-bhāvānuvṛttibhiḥ
provāca vedān akhilān
sāṅgopaniṣado guruḥ

SYNONYMS

tayoḥ — Their; dvija-varaḥ — the best of brāhmaṇas (Sāndīpani); tuṣṭaḥ — satisfied; śuddha — pure; bhāva — with love; anuvṛttibhiḥ — by the submissive acts; provāca — he spoke; vedān — the Vedas; akhilān — all; sa — together with; aṅga — the (six) corollary literatures; upaniṣadaḥ — and the Upaniṣads; guruḥ — the spiritual master.

TRANSLATION

That best of brāhmaṇas, the spiritual master Sāndīpani, was satisfied with Their submissive behavior, and thus he taught Them the entire Vedas, together with their six corollaries and the Upaniṣads.

VERSE 10.45.34

sa-rahasyaṁ dhanur-vedaṁ
dharmān nyāya-pathāṁs tathā
tathā cānvīkṣikīṁ vidyāṁ
rāja-nītiṁ ca ṣaḍ-vidhām

SYNONYMS

sa-rahasyam — along with its confidential portion; dhanuḥ-vedam — the science of military weapons; dharmān — the doctrines of human law; nyāya — of logic; pathān — the methods; tathā — also; tathā ca — and similarly; ānvīkṣikīm — of philosophical debate; vidyām — the branch of knowledge; rāja-nītim — political science; ca — and; ṣaṭ-vidhām — in six aspects.

TRANSLATION

He also taught Them the Dhanur-veda, with its most confidential secrets; the standard books of law; the methods of logical reasoning and philosophical debate; and the sixfold science of politics.

VERSE 10.45.35-36

sarvaṁ nara-vara-śreṣṭhau
sarva-vidyā-pravartakau
sakṛn nigada-mātreṇa
tau sañjagṛhatur nṛpa

aho-rātraiś catuḥ-ṣaṣṭyā
saṁyattau tāvatīḥ kalāḥ
guru-dakṣiṇayācāryaṁ
chandayām āsatur nṛpa

SYNONYMS

sarvam — everything; nara-vara — of first-class men; śreṣṭhau — the best; sarva — of all; vidyā — branches of knowledge; pravartakau — the initiators; sakṛt — once; nigada — being related; mātreṇa — simply; tau — They; sañjagṛhatuḥ — fully assimilated; nṛpa — O King (Parīkṣit); ahaḥ — in days; rātraiḥ — and nights; catuḥ-ṣaṣṭyā — sixty-four; saṁyattau — fixed in concentration; tāvatīḥ — that many; kalāḥ — arts; guru-dakṣiṇayā — with the traditional gift for the spiritual master before one leaves him; ācāryam — Their teacher; chandayām āsatuḥ — They satisfied; nṛpa — O King.

TRANSLATION

O King, those best of persons, Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma, being Themselves the original promulgators of all varieties of knowledge, could immediately assimilate each and every subject after hearing it explained just once. Thus with fixed concentration They learned the sixty-four arts and skills in as many days and nights. Thereafter, O King, They satisfied Their spiritual master by offering him guru-dakṣiṇā.

VERSE 10.45.37

dvijas tayos taṁ mahimānam adbhutaṁ
saṁlokṣya rājann ati-mānusīṁ matim
sammantrya patnyā sa mahārṇave mṛtaṁ
bālaṁ prabhāse varayāṁ babhūva ha

SYNONYMS

dvijaḥ — the learned brāhmaṇa; tayoḥ — of the two of Them; tam — that; mahimānam — greatness; adbhutam — amazing; saṁlakṣya — observing well; rājan — O King; ati-mānuṣīm — beyond human capacity; matim — intelligence; sammantrya — after consulting; patnyā — with his wife; saḥ — he; mahā-arṇave — in the great ocean; mṛtam — who had died; bālam — his child; prabhāse — at the holy place Prabhāsa; varayām babhūva ha — he chose.

TRANSLATION

O King, the learned brāhmaṇa Sāndīpani carefully considered the two Lords’ glorious and amazing qualities and Their superhuman intelligence. Then, after consulting with his wife, he chose as his remuneration the return of his young son, who had died in the ocean at Prabhāsa.

VERSE 10.45.38

tethety athāruhya mahā-rathau rathaṁ
prabhāsam āsādya duranta-vikramau
velām upavrajya niṣīdatuḥ kṣanaṁ
sindhur viditvārhanam āharat tayoḥ

SYNONYMS

tathā — so be it; iti — saying this; atha — then; āruhya — mounting; mahā-rathau — the two great chariot warriors; ratham — a chariot; prabhāsam — Prabhāsa-tīrtha; āsādya — reaching; duranta — limitless; vikramau — whose prowess; velām — up to the shore; upavrajya — walking; niṣīdatuḥ — They sat down; kṣaṇam — for a moment; sindhuḥ — the (presiding demigod of the) ocean; viditvā — recognizing; arhaṇam — respectful offering; āharat — brought; tayoḥ — for Them.

TRANSLATION

“So be it,” replied those two great chariot warriors of limitless might, and They at once mounted Their chariot and set off for Prabhāsa. When They reached that place, They walked up to the shore and sat down. In a moment the deity of the ocean, recognizing Them to be the Supreme Lords, approached Them with offerings of tribute.

VERSE 10.45.39

tam āha bhagavān āśu
guru-putraḥ pradīyatām
yo ’sāv iha tvayā grasto
bālako mahatormiṇā

SYNONYMS

tam — to him; āha — said; bhagavān — the Supreme Lord; āśu — quickly; guru — of My spiritual master; putraḥ — the son; pradīyatām — must be presented; yaḥ — who; asau — he; iha — in this place; tvayā — by you; grastaḥ — seized; bālakaḥ — a young boy; mahatā — mighty; ūrmiṇā — by your wave.

TRANSLATION

The Supreme Lord Kṛṣṇa addressed the lord of the ocean: Let the son of My guru be presented at once — the one you seized here with your mighty waves.

VERSE 10.45.40

śrī-samudra uvāca

na cāhārṣam ahaṁ deva
daityaḥ pañcajano mahān
antar-jala-caraḥ kṛṣṇa
śaṅkha-rūpa-dharo ’suraḥ

SYNONYMS

śrī-samudraḥ uvāca — the ocean personified said; na — not; ca — and; ahārṣam — did take (him) away; aham — I; deva — O Lord; daityaḥ — a descendant of Diti; pañcajanaḥ — named Pañcajana; mahān — powerful; antaḥ — within; jala — the water; caraḥ — going; kṛṣṇa — O Kṛṣṇa; śaṅkha — of a conch; rūpa — the form; dharaḥ — assuming; asuraḥ — the demon.

TRANSLATION

The ocean replied: O Lord Kṛṣṇa, it was not I who abducted him, but a demonic descendant of Diti named Pañcajana, who travels in the water in the form of a conch.

VERSE 10.45.41

āste tenāhṛto nūnaṁ
tac chrutvā satvaraṁ prabhuḥ
jalam āviśya taṁ hatvā
nāpaśyad udare ’rbhakam

SYNONYMS

āste — he is there; tena — by him, Pañcajana; āhṛtaḥ — taken away; nūnam — indeed; tat — that; śrutvā — hearing; satvaram — with haste; prabhuḥ — the Lord; jalam — the water; āviśya — entering; tam — him, the demon; hatvā — killing; na apaśyat — did not see; udare — in his abdomen; arbhakam — the boy.

TRANSLATION

“Indeed,” the ocean said, “that demon has taken him away.” Hearing this, Lord Kṛṣṇa entered the ocean, found Pañcajana and killed him. But the Lord did not find the boy within the demon’s belly.

VERSE 10.45.42-44

tad-aṅga-prabhavaṁ śaṅkham
ādāya ratham āgamat
tataḥ saṁyamanīṁ nāma
yamasya dayitāṁ purīm

gatvā janārdanaḥ śaṅkhaṁ
pradadhmau sa-halāyudhaḥ
śaṅkha-nirhrādam ākarṇya
prajā-saṁyamano yamaḥ

tayoḥ saparyāṁ mahatīṁ
cakre bhakty-upabṛṁhitām
uvācāvanataḥ kṛṣṇaṁ
sarva-bhūtāśayālayam
līlā-manuṣyayor viṣṇo
yuvayoḥ karavāma kim

SYNONYMS

tat — his (the demon’s); aṅga — from the body; prabhavam — grown; śaṅkham — the conchshell; ādāya — taking; ratham — to the chariot; āgamat — He returned; tataḥ — then; saṁyamanīm nāma — known as Saṁyamanī; yamasya — of Lord Yamarāja; dayitām — beloved; purīm — to the city; gatvā — going; jana-ardanaḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa, the abode of all persons; śaṅkham — the conchshell; pradadhmau — blew loudly; sa — accompanied by; hala-āyudhaḥ — Lord Balarāma, whose weapon is a plow; śaṅkha — of the conchshell; nirhrādam — the resounding; ākarṇya — hearing; prajā — of those who take birth; saṁyamanaḥ — the restrainer; yamaḥ — Yamarāja; tayoḥ — of Them; saparyām — worship; mahatīm — elaborate; cakre — performed; bhakti — with devotion; upabṛṁhitām — overflowing; uvāca — he said; avanataḥ — bowing down humbly; kṛṣṇam — to Lord Kṛṣṇa; sarva — of all; bhūta — living beings; āśaya — the minds; ālayam — whose residence; līlā — as Your pastime; manuṣyayoḥ — appearing as human beings; viṣṇo — O Supreme Lord Viṣṇu; yuvayoḥ — for the two of You; karavāma — I should do; kim — what.

TRANSLATION

Lord Janārdana took the conchshell that had grown around the demon’s body and went back to the chariot. Then He proceeded to Saṁyamanī, the beloved capital of Yamarāja, the lord of death. Upon arriving there with Lord Balarāma, He loudly blew His conchshell, and Yamarāja, who keeps the conditioned souls in check, came as soon as he heard the resounding vibration. Yamarāja elaborately worshiped the two Lords with great devotion, and then he addressed Lord Kṛṣṇa, who lives in everyone’s heart: “O Supreme Lord Viṣṇu, what shall I do for You and Lord Balarāma, who are playing the part of ordinary humans?”

VERSE 10.45.45

śrī-bhagavān uvāca

guru-putram ihānītaṁ
nija-karma-nibandhanam
ānayasva mahā-rāja
mac-chāsana-puraskṛtaḥ

SYNONYMS

śrī-bhagavān uvāca — the Supreme Lord said; guru-putram — the son of My spiritual master; iha — here; ānītam — brought; nija — his own; karma — of reactions of past activity; nibandhanam — suffering the bondage; ānayasva — please bring; mahā-rāja — O great King; mat — My; śāsana — to the command; puraḥ-kṛtaḥ — giving first priority.

TRANSLATION

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: Suffering the bondage of his past activity, My spiritual master’s son was brought here to you. O great King, obey My command and bring this boy to Me without delay.

VERSE 10.45.46

tatheti tenopānītaṁ
guru-putraṁ yadūttamau
dattvā sva-gurave bhūyo
vṛṇīṣveti tam ūcatuḥ

SYNONYMS

tathā — so be it; iti — (Yamarāja) thus saying; tena — by him; upānītam — brought forward; guru-putram — the spiritual master’s son; yadu-uttamau — the best of the Yadus, Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma; dattvā — giving; sva-gurave — to Their guru; bhūyaḥ — again; vṛṇīṣva — please choose; iti — thus; tam — to him; ūcatuḥ — They said.

TRANSLATION

Yamarāja said, “So be it,” and brought forth the guru’s son. Then those two most exalted Yadus presented the boy to Their spiritual master and said to him, “Please select another boon.”

VERSE 10.45.47

śrī-gurur uvāca

samyak sampādito vatsa
bhavadbhyāṁ guru-niṣkrayaḥ
ko nu yuṣmad-vidha-guroḥ
kāmānām avaśiṣyate

SYNONYMS

śrī-guruḥ uvāca — Their spiritual master, Sāndīpani Muni, said; samyak — completely; sampāditaḥ — fulfilled; vatsa — my dear boy; bhavadbhyām — by You two; guru-niṣkrayaḥ — the remuneration of one’s guru; kaḥ — which; nu — indeed; yuṣmat-vidha — of persons like You; guroḥ — for the spiritual master; kāmānām — of his desires; avaśiṣyate — remains.

TRANSLATION

The spiritual master said: My dear boys, You two have completely fulfilled the disciple’s obligation to reward his spiritual master. Indeed, with disciples like You, what further desires could a guru have?

VERSE 10.45.48

gacchataṁ sva-gṛhaṁ vīrau
kīrtir vām astu pāvanī
chandāṁsy ayāta-yāmāni
bhavantv iha paratra ca

SYNONYMS

gacchatam — please go; sva-gṛham — to Your home; vīrau — O heroes; kīrtiḥ — fame; vām — Your; astu — may it be; pāvanī — purifying; chandāṁsi — Vedic hymns; ayāta-yāmāni — ever fresh; bhavantu — may there be; iha — in this life; paratra — in the next life; ca — and.

TRANSLATION

O heroes, now please return home. May Your fame sanctify the world, and may the Vedic hymns be ever fresh in Your minds, both in this life and the next.

VERSE 10.45.49

guruṇaivam anujñātau
rathenānila-raṁhasā
āyātau sva-puraṁ tāta
parjanya-ninadena vai

SYNONYMS

guruṇā — by Their spiritual master; evam — in this way; anujñātau — given leave; rathena — in Their chariot; anila — like the wind; raṁhasā — whose speed; āyātau — came; sva — to Their own; puram — city (Mathurā); tāta — my dear (King Parīkṣit); parjanya — like a cloud; ninadena — whose reverberation; vai — indeed.

TRANSLATION

Thus receiving Their guru’s permission to leave, the two Lords returned to Their city on Their chariot, which moved as swiftly as the wind and resounded like a cloud.

VERSE 10.45.50

samanandan prajāḥ sarvā
dṛṣṭvā rāma-janārdanau
apaśyantyo bahv ahāni
naṣṭa-labdha-dhanā iva

SYNONYMS

samanandan — rejoiced; prajāḥ — the citizens; sarvāḥ — all; dṛṣṭvā — seeing; rāma-janārdanau — Balarāma and Kṛṣṇa; apaśyantyaḥ — not having seen; bahu — for many; ahāni — days; naṣṭa — lost; labdha — and regained; dhanāḥ — those whose wealth; iva — like.

TRANSLATION

All the citizens rejoiced upon seeing Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma, whom they had not seen for many days. The people felt just like those who have lost their wealth and then regained it.