Śrīmad Bhāgavatam|Canto 10 Chapter 43

Kṛṣṇa Kills the Elephant Kuvalayāpīḍa

VERSE 10.43.1

śrī-śuka uvāca

atha kṛṣṇaś ca rāmaś ca
kṛta-śaucau parantapa
malla-dundubhi-nirghoṣaṁ
śrutvā draṣṭum upeyatuḥ

SYNONYMS

śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; atha — next; kṛṣṇaḥ — Kṛṣṇa; ca — and; rāmaḥ — Balarāma; ca — also; kṛta — having carried out; śaucau — purification; param-tapa — O chastiser of enemies; malla — of the wrestling match; dundubhi — of the kettledrums; nirghoṣam — the resounding vibration; śrutvā — hearing; draṣṭum — to see; upeyataḥ — They approached.

TRANSLATION

Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: O chastiser of enemies, Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma, having executed all necessary purification, then heard the kettledrums resounding at the wrestling arena, and They went there to see what was happening.

VERSE 10.43.2

raṅga-dvāraṁ samāsādya
tasmin nāgam avasthitam
apaśyat kuvalayāpīḍaṁ
kṛṣṇo ’mbaṣṭha-pracoditam

SYNONYMS

raṅga — of the arena; dvāram — the gate; samāsādya — reaching; tasmin — in that place; nāgam — an elephant; avasthitam — standing; apaśyat — He saw; kuvalayāpīḍam — named Kuvalayāpīḍa; kṛṣṇaḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa; ambaṣṭha — by his keeper; pracoditam — urged on.

TRANSLATION

When Lord Kṛṣṇa reached the entrance to the arena, He saw the elephant Kuvalayāpīḍa blocking His way at the urging of his keeper.

VERSE 10.43.3

baddhvā parikaraṁ śauriḥ
samuhya kuṭilālakān
uvāca hastipaṁ vācā
megha-nāda-gabhīrayā

SYNONYMS

baddhvā — binding; parikaram — His clothes; śauriḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa; samuhya — tying together; kuṭila — curled; alakān — the locks of His hair; uvāca — He spoke; hasti-pam — to the elephant-keeper; vācā — with words; megha — of a cloud; nāda — like the sound; gabhīrayā — grave.

TRANSLATION

Securely binding up His clothes and tying back His curly locks, Lord Kṛṣṇa addressed the elephant-keeper with words as grave as the rumbling of a cloud.

VERSE 10.43.4

ambaṣṭhāmbaṣṭha mārgaṁ nau
dehy apakrama mā ciram
no cet sa-kuñjaraṁ tvādya
nayāmi yama-sādanam

SYNONYMS

ambaṣṭha ambaṣṭha — O elephant-keeper, elephant-keeper; mārgam — way; nau — to Us; dehi — give; apakrama — move aside; ma ciram — without delay; na u cet — if not; sa-kuñjaram — together with your elephant; tva — you; adya — today; nayāmi — I will send; yama — of the lord of death; sādanam — to the abode.

TRANSLATION

[Lord Kṛṣṇa said:] O driver, driver, move aside at once and let Us pass! If you don’t, this very day I will send both you and your elephant to the abode of Yamarāja!

VERSE 10.43.5

evaṁ nirbhartsito ’mbaṣṭhaḥ
kupitaḥ kopitaṁ gajam
codayām āsa kṛṣṇāya
kālāntaka-yamopamam

SYNONYMS

evam — thus; nirbhartsitaḥ — threatened; ambaṣṭhaḥ — the elephant-keeper; kupitaḥ — angered; kopitam — the enraged; gajam — elephant; codayām āsa — he goaded; kṛṣṇāya — toward Kṛṣṇa; kāla — time; antaka — death; yama — and Yamarāja; upamam — comparable to.

TRANSLATION

Thus threatened, the elephant-keeper became angry. He goaded his furious elephant, who appeared equal to time, death and Yamarāja, into attacking Lord Kṛṣṇa.

VERSE 10.43.6

karīndras tam abhidrutya
kareṇa tarasāgrahīt
karād vigalitaḥ so ’muṁ
nihatyāṅghriṣv alīyata

SYNONYMS

kari — of elephants; indraḥ — the lord; tam — Him; abhidrutya — running toward; kareṇa — with his trunk; tarasā — violently; agrahīt — seized; karāt — from the trunk; vigalitaḥ — slipping away; saḥ — He, Kṛṣṇa; amum — him, Kuvalayāpīḍa; nihatya — striking; aṅghriṣu — among his legs; alīyata — He disappeared.

TRANSLATION

The lord of the elephants charged Kṛṣṇa and violently seized Him with his trunk. But Kṛṣṇa slipped away, struck him a blow and disappeared from his view among his legs.

VERSE 10.43.7

saṅkruddhas tam acakṣāṇo
ghrāṇa-dṛṣṭiḥ sa keśavam
parāmṛśat puṣkareṇa
sa prasahya vinirgataḥ

SYNONYMS

saṅkruddhaḥ — infuriated; tam — Him; acakṣāṇaḥ — not seeing; ghrāṇa — by his sense of smell; dṛṣṭiḥ — whose vision; saḥ — he, the elephant; keśavam — Lord Keśava; parāmṛśat — took hold of; puṣkareṇa — with the end of his trunk; saḥ — He, Kṛṣṇa; prasahya — by force; vinirgataḥ — came free.

TRANSLATION

Infuriated at being unable to see Lord Keśava, the elephant sought Him out with his sense of smell. Once again Kuvalayāpīḍa seized the Lord with the end of his trunk, only to have the Lord forcefully free Himself.

VERSE 10.43.8

pucche pragṛhyāti-balaṁ
dhanuṣaḥ pañca-viṁśatim
vicakarṣa yathā nāgaṁ
suparṇa iva līlayā

SYNONYMS

pucche — by his tail; pragṛhya — grabbing him; ati-balam — the extremely powerful (elephant); dhanuṣaḥ — bow-lengths; pañca-viṁśatim — twenty-five; vicakarṣa — He dragged; yathā — as; nāgam — a snake; suparṇaḥ — Garuḍa; iva — as; līlayā — playfully.

TRANSLATION

Lord Kṛṣṇa then grabbed the powerful Kuvalayāpīḍa by the tail and playfully dragged him twenty-five bow-lengths as easily as Garuḍa might drag a snake.

VERSE 10.43.9

sa paryāvartamānena
savya-dakṣiṇato ’cyutaḥ
babhrāma bhrāmyamāṇena
go-vatseneva bālakaḥ

SYNONYMS

saḥ — He; paryāvartamānena — with him (the elephant) who was being moved around; savya-dakṣiṇataḥ — to the left and then the right; acyutaḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa; babhrāma — moved also; bhrāmyamāṇena — together with him who was being moved; go-vatsena — with a calf; iva — just as; bālakaḥ — a young boy.

TRANSLATION

As Lord Acyuta held on to the elephant’s tail, the animal tried to twist away to the left and to the right, making the Lord swerve in the opposite direction, as a young boy would swerve when pulling a calf by the tail.

VERSE 10.43.10

tato ’bhimakham abhyetya
pāṇināhatya vāraṇam
prādravan pātayām āsa
spṛśyamānaḥ pade pade

SYNONYMS

tataḥ — then; abhimukham — face to face; abhyetya — coming; pāṇinā — with His hand; āhatya — slapping; vāraṇam — the elephant; prādravan — running away; pātayām āsa — He made him fall; spṛśyamānaḥ — being touched; pade pade — with each step.

TRANSLATION

Kṛṣṇa then came face to face with the elephant and slapped him and ran away. Kuvalayāpīḍa pursued the Lord, managing to touch Him again and again with each step, but Kṛṣṇa outmaneuvered the elephant and made him trip and fall.

VERSE 10.43.11

sa dhāvan kṛīdayā bhūmau
patitvā sahasotthitaḥ
tam matvā patitaṁ kruddho
dantābhyāṁ so ’hanat kṣitim

SYNONYMS

saḥ — He; dhāvan — running; krīḍayā — playfully; bhūmau — on the ground; patitvā — falling; sahasā — suddenly; utthitaḥ — getting up; tam — Him; matvā — thinking; patitam — fallen; kruddhaḥ — angry; dantābhyām — with his tusks; saḥ — he, Kuvalayāpīḍa; ahanat — struck; kṣitim — the earth.

TRANSLATION

As Kṛṣṇa dodged about, He playfully fell on the ground and quickly got up again. The raging elephant, thinking Kṛṣṇa was down, tried to gore Him with his tusks but struck the earth instead.

VERSE 10.43.12

sva-vikrame pratihate
kuñjarendro ’ty-amarṣitaḥ
codyamāno mahāmātraiḥ
kṛṣṇam abhyadravad ruṣā

SYNONYMS

sva — his; vikrame — prowess; pratihate — being thwarted; kuñjara-indraḥ — the lord of elephants; ati — extreme; amarṣitaḥ — with frustrated anger; codyamānaḥ — urged on; mahāmātraiḥ — by the elephant-keepers; kṛṣṇam — at Kṛṣṇa; abhyadravat — he charged; ruṣā — furiously.

TRANSLATION

His prowess foiled, the lordly elephant Kuvalayāpīḍa went into a frenzied rage out of frustration. But the elephant-keepers goaded him on, and he furiously charged Kṛṣṇa once again.

VERSE 10.43.13

tam āpatantam āsādya
bhagavān madhusūdanaḥ
nigṛhya pāṇinā hastaṁ
pātayām āsa bhū-tale

SYNONYMS

tam — him; āpatantam — attacking; āsādya — confronting; bhagavān — the Supreme Lord; madhu-sūdanaḥ — the killer of the demon Madhu; nigṛhya — firmly seizing; pāṇinā — with His hand; hastam — his trunk; pātayām āsa — He made him fall; bhū-tale — onto the ground.

TRANSLATION

The Supreme Lord, killer of the demon Madhu, confronted the elephant as he attacked. Seizing his trunk with one hand, Kṛṣṇa threw him to the ground.

VERSE 10.43.14

patitasya padākramya
mṛgendra iva līlayā
dantam utpāṭya tenebhaṁ
hastipāṁś cāhanad dhariḥ

SYNONYMS

patitasya — of the fallen (elephant); padā — with His foot; ākramya — climbing upon him; mṛgendraḥ — a lion; iva — as if; līlayā — with ease; dantam — one of his tusks; utpāṭya — pulling out; tena — with it; ibham — the elephant; hasti-pān — the elephant-keepers; ca — also; ahanat — killed; hariḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa.

TRANSLATION

Lord Hari then climbed onto the elephant with the ease of a mighty lion, pulled out a tusk, and with it killed the beast and his keepers.

VERSE 10.43.15

mṛtakaṁ dvipam utsṛjya
danta-pāṇiḥ samāviśat
aṁsa-nyasta-viṣāṇo ’sṛṅ-
mada-bindubhir aṅkitaḥ
virūḍha-sveda-kaṇikā
vadanāmburuho babhau

SYNONYMS

mṛtakam — dead; dvipam — the elephant; utsṛjya — discarding; danta — his tusk; pāṇiḥ — in His hand; samāviśat — He entered (the arena); aṁsa — upon His shoulder; nyasta — placing; viṣāṇaḥ — the tusk; asṛk — of blood; mada — and the elephant’s sweat; bindubhiḥ — with drops; aṅkitaḥ — sprinkled; virūḍha — exuding; sveda — of (His own) perspiration; kaṇikā — with fine drops; vadana — His face; ambu-ruhaḥ — lotuslike; babhau — shone.

TRANSLATION

Leaving the dead elephant aside, Lord Kṛṣṇa held on to the tusk and entered the wrestling arena. With the tusk resting on His shoulder, drops of the elephant’s blood and sweat sprinkled all over Him, and His lotus face covered with fine drops of His own perspiration, the Lord shone with great beauty.

VERSE 10.43.16

vṛtau gopaiḥ katipayair
baladeva-janārdanau
raṅgaṁ viviśatū rājan
gaja-danta-varāyudhau

SYNONYMS

vṛtau — surrounded; gopaiḥ — by cowherd boys; katipayaiḥ — several; baladeva-janārdanau — Balarāma and Kṛṣṇa; raṅgam — the arena; viviśatuḥ — entered; rājan — O King (Parīkṣit); gaja-danta — the elephant’s tusks; vara — chosen; āyudhau — whose weapons.

TRANSLATION

My dear King, Lord Baladeva and Lord Janārdana, each carrying one of the elephant’s tusks as His chosen weapon, entered the arena with several cowherd boys.

VERSE 10.43.17

mallānām aśanir nṛṇāṁ nara-varaḥ strīṇāṁ smaro mūrtimān
gopānāṁ sva-jano ’satāṁ kṣiti-bhujāṁ śāstā sva-pitroḥ śiśuḥ
mṛtyur bhoja-pater virāḍ aviduṣāṁ tattvaṁ paraṁ yogināṁ
vṛṣṇīnāṁ para-devateti vidito raṅgaṁ gataḥ sāgrajaḥ

SYNONYMS

mallānām — for the wrestlers; aśaniḥ — lightning; nṛṇām — for the males; nara-varaḥ — the best of men; strīṇām — for the women; smaraḥ — Cupid; mūrti-mān — incarnate; gopānām — for the cowherds; sva-janaḥ — their relative; asatām — impious; kṣiti-bhujām — for the kings; śāstā — a punisher; sva-pitroḥ — for His parents; śiśuḥ — a child; mṛtyuḥ — death; bhoja-pateḥ — for the King of the Bhojas, Kaṁsa; virāṭ — the totality of the material universe; aviduṣām — for the unintelligent; tattvam — the Truth; param — Supreme; yoginām — for the yogīs; vṛṣṇīnām — for the members of the Vṛṣṇi dynasty; para-devatā — their most worshipable Deity; iti — in these ways; viditaḥ — understood; raṅgam — the arena; gataḥ — He entered; sa — along with; agra-jaḥ — His elder brother.

TRANSLATION

The various groups of people in the arena regarded Kṛṣṇa in different ways when He entered it with His elder brother. The wrestlers saw Kṛṣṇa as a lightning bolt, the men of Mathurā as the best of males, the women as Cupid in person, the cowherd men as their relative, the impious rulers as a chastiser, His parents as their child, the King of the Bhojas as death, the unintelligent as the Supreme Lord’s universal form, the yogīs as the Absolute Truth and the Vṛṣṇis as their supreme worshipable Deity.

VERSE 10.43.18

hataṁ kuvalayāpīḍaṁ
dṛṣṭvā tāv api durjayau
kaṁso manasy api tadā
bhṛśam udvivije nṛpa

SYNONYMS

hatam — killed; kuvalayāpīḍam — the elephant Kuvalayāpīḍa; dṛṣṭvā — seeing; tau — the two of Them, Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma; api — and; durjayau — invincible; kaṁsaḥ — King Kaṁsa; manasi — in his mind; api — indeed; tadā — then; bhṛśam — exceedingly; udvivije — became anxious; nṛpa — O King (Parīkṣit).

TRANSLATION

When Kaṁsa saw that Kuvalayāpīḍa was dead and the two brothers were invincible, he was overwhelmed with anxiety, O King.

VERSE 10.43.19

tau rejatū raṅga-gatau mahā-bhujau
vicitra-veṣābharaṇa-srag-ambarau
yathā naṭāv uttama-veṣa-dhāriṇau
manaḥ kṣipantau prabhayā nirīkṣatām

SYNONYMS

tau — the two of Them; rejatuḥ — shone; raṅga-gatau — present in the arena; mahā-bhujau — the mighty-armed Lords; vicitra — variegated; veṣa — whose style of dress; ābharaṇa — ornaments; srak — garlands; ambarau — and garments; yathā — like; naṭau — two actors; uttama — excellent; veṣa — costumes; dhāriṇau — wearing; manaḥ — the minds; kṣipantau — striking; prabhayā — with Their effulgences; nirīkṣatām — of those who looked on.

TRANSLATION

Arrayed with variegated ornaments, garlands and garments, just like a pair of excellently costumed actors, the two mighty-armed Lords shone splendidly in the arena. Indeed, They overpowered the minds of all onlookers with Their effulgences.

VERSE 10.43.20

nirīkṣya tāv uttama-pūruṣau janā
mañca-sthitā nāgara-rāṣṭrakā nṛpa
praharṣa-vegotkalitekṣaṇānanāḥ
papur na tṛptā nayanais tad-ānanam

SYNONYMS

nirīkṣya — seeing; tau — both of Them; uttama-pūruṣau — the Supreme Personalities; janāḥ — the people; mañca — in the viewing galleries; sthitāḥ — sitting; nāgara — the city-dwellers; rāṣṭrakāḥ — and the people from outlying districts; nṛpa — O King; praharṣa — of their joy; vega — by the force; utkalita — made to expand widely; īkṣaṇa — their eyes; ānanāḥ — and faces; papuḥ — they drank; na — not; tṛptāḥ — satiated; nayanaiḥ — with their eyes; tat — of Them; ānanam — the faces.

TRANSLATION

O King, as the citizens of the city and the people from outlying districts gazed upon those two Supreme Personalities from their seats in the galleries, the force of the people’s happiness caused their eyes to open wide and their faces to blossom. They drank in the vision of the Lords’ faces without becoming satiated.

VERSE 10.43.21-22

pibanta iva cakṣurbhyāṁ
lihanta iva jihvayā
jighranta iva nāsābhyāṁ
śliṣyanta iva bāhubhiḥ

ūcuḥ parasparaṁ te vai
yathā-dṛṣṭaṁ yathā-śrutam
tad-rūpa-guṇa-mādhurya-
prāgalbhya-smāritā iva

SYNONYMS

pibantaḥ — drinking; iva — as if; cakṣurbhyām — with their eyes; lihantaḥ — licking; iva — as if; jihvayā — with their tongues; jighrantaḥ — smelling; iva — as if; nāsābhyām — with their nostrils; sliṣyantaḥ — embracing; iva — as if; bāhubhiḥ — with their arms; ūcuḥ — they spoke; parasparam — among one another; te — they; vai — indeed; yathā — just as; dṛṣṭam — they had seen; yathā — just as; śrutam — they had heard; tat — Their; rūpa — of the beauty; guṇa — qualities; mādhurya — charm; prāgalbhya — and bravery; smāritāḥ — reminded; iva — as if.

TRANSLATION

The people seemed to be drinking Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma with their eyes, licking Them with their tongues, smelling Them with their nostrils and embracing Them with their arms. Reminded of the Lords’ beauty, character, charm and bravery, the members of the audience began describing these features to one another according to what they had seen and heard.

VERSE 10.43.23

etau bhagavataḥ sākṣād
dharer nārāyaṇasya hi
avatīrṇāv ihāṁśena
vasudevasya veśmani

SYNONYMS

etau — these two; bhagavataḥ — of the Supreme Lord; sākṣāt — directly; hareḥ — of Lord Hari; nārāyaṇasya — Nārāyaṇa; hi — certainly; avatīrṇau — have descended; iha — to this world; aṁśena — as expansions; vasudevasya — of Vasudeva; veśmani — in the home.

TRANSLATION

[The people said:] These two boys are certainly expansions of the Supreme Lord Nārāyaṇa who have descended to this world in the home of Vasudeva.

VERSE 10.43.24

eṣa vai kila devakyāṁ
jāto nītaś ca gokulam
kālam etaṁ vasan gūḍho
vavṛdhe nanda-veśmani

SYNONYMS

eṣaḥ — this (Kṛṣṇa); vai — certainly; kila — indeed; devakyām — from the womb of Devaki; jātaḥ — born; nītaḥ — brought; ca — and; gokulam — to Gokula; kālam — time; etam — this much; vasan — living; gūḍhaḥ — hidden; vavṛdhe — He grew up; nanda-veśmani — in the house of Nanda Mahārāja.

TRANSLATION

This one [Kṛṣṇa] took birth from mother Devakī and was brought to Gokula, where He has remained concealed all this time, growing up in the house of King Nanda.

VERSE 10.43.25

pūtanānena nītāntaṁ
cakravātaś ca dānavaḥ
arjunau guhyakaḥ keśī
dhenuko ’nye ca tad-vidhāḥ

SYNONYMS

pūtanā — the witch Pūtanā; anena — by Him; nītā — brought; antam — to her end; cakravātaḥ — whirlwind; ca — and; dānavaḥ — the demon; arjunau — the twin Arjuna trees; guhyakaḥ — the demon Śaṅkhacūḍa; keśī — the horse demon, Keśī; dhenukaḥ — the jackass demon, Dhenuka; anye — others; ca — and; tat-vidhāḥ — like them.

TRANSLATION

He made Pūtanā and the whirlwind demon meet with death, pulled down the twin Arjuna trees, and killed Śaṅkhacūḍa, Keśī, Dhenuka and similar demons.

VERSE 10.43.26-27

gāvaḥ sa-pālā etena
dāvāgneḥ parimocitāḥ
kāliyo damitaḥ sarpa
indraś ca vimadaḥ kṛtaḥ

saptāham eka-hastena
dhṛto ’dri-pravaro ’munā
varṣa-vātāśanibhyaś ca
paritrātaṁ ca gokulam

SYNONYMS

gāvaḥ — the cows; sa — together with; pālāḥ — their tenders; etena — by Him; dāva-agneḥ — from the forest fire; parimocitāḥ — saved; kāliyaḥ — Kāliya; damitaḥ — subdued; sarpaḥ — the serpent; indraḥ — Indra; ca — and; vimadaḥ — prideless; kṛtaḥ — made; sapta-aham — for seven days; eka-hastena — with one hand; dhṛtaḥ — held; adri — of mountains; pravaraḥ — the most eminent; amunā — by Him; varṣa — from rain; vāta — wind; aśanibhyaḥ — and hail; ca — also; paritrātam — delivered; ca — and; gokulam — the residents of Gokula.

TRANSLATION

He saved the cows and the cowherds from a forest fire and subdued the serpent Kāliya. He removed Lord Indra’s false pride by holding up the best of mountains with one hand for an entire week, thus protecting the inhabitants of Gokula from rain, wind and hail.

VERSE 10.43.28

gopyo ’sya nitya-mudita-
hasita-prekṣaṇaṁ mukham
paśyantyo vividhāṁs tāpāṁs
taranti smāśramaṁ mudā

SYNONYMS

gopyaḥ — the young gopīs; asya — His; nitya — always; mudita — cheerful; hasita — smiling; prekṣaṇam — whose glance; mukham — the face; paśyantyaḥ — seeing; vividhān — of various kinds; tāpān — distress; taranti sma — transcended; aśramam — free from fatigue; mudā — happily.

TRANSLATION

The gopīs overcame all kinds of distress and experienced great happiness by seeing His face, which is always cheerful with smiling glances and ever free of fatigue.

VERSE 10.43.29

vadanty anena vaṁśo ’yaṁ
yadoḥ su-bahu-viśrutaḥ
śriyaṁ yaśo mahatvaṁ ca
lapsyate parirakṣitaḥ

SYNONYMS

vadanti — they say; anena — by Him; vaṁśaḥ — the dynasty; ayam — this; yadoḥ — descending from King Yadu; su-bahu — very much; viśrutaḥ — famous; śriyam — riches; yaśaḥ — glory; mahatvam — power; ca — and; lapsyate — it will achieve; parirakṣitaḥ — protected on all sides.

TRANSLATION

It is said that under His full protection the Yadu dynasty will become extremely famous and attain wealth, glory and power.

VERSE 10.43.30

ayaṁ cāsyāgrajaḥ śrīmān
rāmaḥ kamala-locanaḥ
pralambo nihato yena
vatsako ye bakādayaḥ

SYNONYMS

ayam — this; ca — and; asya — His; agra-jaḥ — elder brother; śrī-man — the possessor of all opulences; rāmaḥ — Lord Balarāma; kamala-locanaḥ — the lotus-eyed; pralambaḥ — the demon Pralamba; nihataḥ — killed; yena — by whom; vatsakaḥ — Vatsāsura; ye — who; baka — Bakāsura; ādayaḥ — and others.

TRANSLATION

This lotus-eyed elder brother of His, Lord Balarāma, is the proprietor of all transcendental opulences. He has killed Pralamba, Vatsaka, Baka and other demons.

VERSE 10.43.31

janeṣv evaṁ bruvāṇeṣu
tūryeṣu ninadatsu ca
kṛṣṇa-rāmau samābhāṣya
cāṇūro vākyam abravīt

SYNONYMS

janeṣu — as the people; evam — thus; bruvāṇeṣu — were speaking; tūryeṣu — as the musical instruments; ninadatsu — were resounding; ca — and; kṛṣṇa-rāmau — Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma; samābhāṣya — addressing; cānūraḥ — the demonic wrestler Cāṇūra; vākyam — words; abravīt — said.

TRANSLATION

While the people talked in this way and the musical instruments resounded, the wrestler Cāṇūra addressed Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma with the following words.

VERSE 10.43.32

he nanda-sūno he rāma
bhavantau vīra-sammatau
niyuddha-kuśalau śrutvā
rājñāhūtau didṛkṣuṇā

SYNONYMS

he nanda-sūno — O son of Nanda; he rāma — O Rāma; bhavantau — You two; vīra — by heroes; sammatau — are well respected; niyuddha — in wrestling; kuśalau — skillful; śrutvā — hearing; rājñā — by the King; āhūtau — called for; didṛkṣuṇā — who wanted to see.

TRANSLATION

[Cāṇūra said:] O son of Nanda, O Rāma, You two are well respected by courageous men and are both skillful at wrestling. Having heard of Your prowess, the King has called You here, wanting to see for himself.

VERSE 10.43.33

priyaṁ rājñaḥ prakurvatyaḥ
śreyo vindanti vai prajāḥ
manasā karmaṇā vācā
viparītam ato ’nyathā

SYNONYMS

priyam — the pleasure; rājñaḥ — of the King; prakurvatyaḥ — executing; śreyaḥ — good fortune; vindanti — acquire; vai — indeed; prajāḥ — citizens; manasā — with their minds; karmaṇā — with their deeds; vācā — with their words; viparītam — opposite; ataḥ — to this; anyathā — otherwise.

TRANSLATION

Subjects of the King who try to please him with their thoughts, acts and words are sure to achieve good fortune, but those who fail to do so will suffer the opposite fate.

VERSE 10.43.34

nityaṁ pramuditā gopā
vatsa-pālā yathā-sphuṭam
vaneṣu malla-yuddhena
krīḍantaś cārayanti gāḥ

SYNONYMS

nityam — always; pramuditāḥ — very happy; gopāḥ — cowherds; vatsapālāḥ — tending the calves; yathā-sphuṭam — obviously; vaneṣu — in the various forests; malla-yuddhena — with wrestling; krīḍantaḥ — playing; cārayanti — they graze; gāḥ — the cows.

TRANSLATION

It is well known that cowherd boys are always joyful as they tend their calves, and that the boys playfully wrestle with each other while grazing their animals in the various forests.

VERSE 10.43.35

tasmād rājñaḥ priyaṁ yūyaṁ
vayaṁ ca karavāma he
bhūtāni naḥ prasīdanti
sarva-bhūta-mayo nṛpaḥ

SYNONYMS

tasmāt — therefore; rājñaḥ — the King’s; priyam — pleasure; yūyam — You two; vayam — we; ca — also; karavāma he — let us do; bhūtāni — all living beings; naḥ — with us; prasīdanti — will be satisfied; sarva-bhūta — all beings; mayaḥ — comprising; nṛpaḥ — the king.

TRANSLATION

Therefore let’s do what the King wants. Everyone will be pleased with us, for the king embodies all living beings.

VERSE 10.43.36

tan niśamyābravīt kṛṣṇo
deśa-kālocitaṁ vacaḥ
niyuddham ātmano ’bhīṣṭaṁ
manyamāno ’bhinandya ca

SYNONYMS

tat — that; niśamya — hearing; abravīt — spoke; kṛṣṇaḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa; deśa — for the place; kāla — and time; ucitam — appropriate; vacaḥ — words; niyuddham — wrestling; ātmanaḥ — to Himself; abhīṣṭam — desirable; manyamānaḥ — considering; abhinandya — welcoming; ca — and.

TRANSLATION

Hearing this, Lord Kṛṣṇa, who liked to wrestle and welcomed the challenge, replied with words appropriate to the time and place.

VERSE 10.43.37

prajā bhoja-pater asya
vayaṁ cāpi vane-carāḥ
karavāma priyaṁ nityaṁ
tan naḥ param anugrahaḥ

SYNONYMS

prajāḥ — subjects; bhoja-pateḥ — of the King of the Bhojas; asya — of him; vayam — We; ca — also; api — even though; vane-carāḥ — wandering in the forest; karavāma — We must execute; priyam — his pleasure; nityam — always; tat — that; naḥ — for Us; param — the greatest; anugrahaḥ — benefit.

TRANSLATION

[Lord Kṛṣṇa said:] Although forest-dwellers, We are also subjects of the Bhoja king. We must gratify his desires, for such behavior will confer upon Us the greatest benefit.

VERSE 10.43.38

bālā vayaṁ tulya-balaiḥ
krīḍiṣyāmo yathocitam
bhaven niyuddhaṁ mādharmaḥ
spṛśen malla-sabhā-sadaḥ

SYNONYMS

bālāḥ — young boys; vayam — We; tulya — equal; balaiḥ — with those whose strength; krīḍiṣyāmaḥ — We will play; yathā ucitam — in a fitting manner; bhavet — should occur; niyuddham — the wrestling match; — not; adharmaḥ — irreligion; spṛśet — should touch; malla-sabhā — of the assembly in the wrestling arena; sadaḥ — the members.

TRANSLATION

We are just young boys and should play with those of equal strength. The wrestling match must go on properly so that irreligion does not taint the respectable members of the audience.

VERSE 10.43.39

cāṇūra uvāca

na bālo na kiśoras tvaṁ
balaś ca balināṁ varaḥ
līlayebho hato yena
sahasra-dvipa-sattva-bhṛt

SYNONYMS

cāṇūraḥ uvāca — Cāṇūra said; na — not; bālaḥ — a boy; na — not; kiśoraḥ — a youth; tvam — You; balaḥ — Balarāma; ca — and; balinām — of the strong; varaḥ — the best; līlayā — as play; ibhaḥ — the elephant; hataḥ — killed; yena — by whom; sahasra — of one thousand; dvipa — elephants; sattva — of the strength; bhṛt — the bearer.

TRANSLATION

Cāṇūra said: You aren’t really a child or even a young man, and neither is Balarāma, the strongest of the strong. After all, You playfully killed an elephant who had the strength of a thousand other elephants.

VERSE 10.43.40

tasmād bhavadbhyāṁ balibhir
yoddhavyaṁ nānayo ’tra vai
mayi vikrama vārṣṇeya
balena saha muṣṭikaḥ

SYNONYMS

tasmāt — therefore; bhavadbhyām — You two; balibhiḥ — with those who are strong; yoddhavyam — should fight; na — there is not; anayaḥ — injustice; atra — in this; vai — certainly; mayi — to me; vikrama — (show) Your prowess; vārṣṇeya — O descendant of Vṛṣṇi; balena saha — with Balarāma; muṣṭikaḥ — Muṣṭika (should fight).

TRANSLATION

Therefore You two should fight powerful wrestlers. There’s certainly nothing unfair about that. You, O descendant of Vṛṣṇi, can show Your prowess against me, and Balarāma can fight with Muṣṭika.