Śrīmad Bhāgavatam|Canto 10 Chapter 26

Wonderful Kṛṣṇa

VERSE 10.26.1

śrī-śuka uvāca

evaṁ-vidhāni karmāṇi
gopāḥ kṛṣṇasya vīkṣya te
atad-vīrya-vidaḥ procuḥ
samabhyetya su-vismitāḥ

SYNONYMS

śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; evam-vidhāni — like this; karmāṇi — activities; gopāḥ — the cowherd men; kṛṣṇasya — of Lord Kṛṣṇa; vīkṣya — seeing; te — they; atat-vīrya-vidaḥ — unable to understand His power; procuḥ — they spoke; samabhyetya — approaching (Nanda Mahārāja); su-vismitāḥ — very astonished.

TRANSLATION

Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: The cowherd men were astonished when they saw Kṛṣṇa’s activities, such as lifting Govardhana Hill. Unable to understand His transcendental potency, they approached Nanda Mahārāja and spoke as follows.

VERSE 10.26.2

bālakasya yad etāni
karmāṇy aty-adbhutāni vai
katham arhaty asau janma
grāmyeṣv ātma-jugupsitam

SYNONYMS

bālakasya — of the boy; yat — because; etāni — these; karmāṇi — activities; ati-adbhutāni — most amazing; vai — certainly; katham — how; arhati — should deserve; asau — He; janma — birth; grāmyeṣu — among worldly men; ātma — for Himself; jugupsitam — contemptible.

TRANSLATION

[The cowherd men said:] Since this boy performs such extraordinary activities, how could He warrant a birth among worldly men like us — a birth that for Him would seem contemptible?

VERSE 10.26.3

yaḥ sapta-hāyano bālaḥ
kareṇaikena līlayā
kathaṁ bibhrad giri-varaṁ
puṣkaraṁ gaja-rāḍ iva

SYNONYMS

yaḥ — who; sapta-hāyanaḥ — seven years of age; bālaḥ — a boy; kareṇa — with a hand; ekena — one; līlayā — playfully; katham — how; bibhrat — He held up; giri-varam — the best of mountains, Govardhana; puṣkaram — a lotus flower; gaja-rāṭ — a mighty elephant; iva — as.

TRANSLATION

How could this seven-year-old boy playfully hold up the great hill Govardhana with one hand, just as a mighty elephant holds up a lotus flower?

VERSE 10.26.4

tokenāmīlitākṣeṇa
pūtanāyā mahaujasaḥ
pītaḥ stanaḥ saha prāṇaiḥ
kāleneva vayas tanoḥ

SYNONYMS

tokena — by the young child; ā-mīlita — almost closed; akṣeṇa — whose eyes; pūtanāyāḥ — of the witch Pūtanā; mahā-ojasaḥ — whose power was very great; pītaḥ — drunk; stanaḥ — the breast; saha — along with; prāṇaiḥ — her life air; kālena — by the force of time; iva — as; vayaḥ — the life span; tanoḥ — of a material body.

TRANSLATION

As a mere infant who had hardly yet opened His eyes, He drank the breast milk of the powerful demoness Pūtanā and then sucked out her very life air as well, just as the force of time sucks out the youth of one’s body.

VERSE 10.26.5

hinvato ’dhaḥ śayānasya
māsyasya caraṇāv udak
ano ’patad viparyastaṁ
rudataḥ prapadāhatam

SYNONYMS

hinvataḥ — moving; adhaḥ — beneath; śayānasya — of Him who was lying; māsyasya — the child only a few months old; caraṇau — His two feet; udak — upwards; anaḥ — the cart; apatat — fell; viparyastam — turned upside-down; rudataḥ — of Him who was crying; prapada — by the tip of the foot; āhatam — struck.

TRANSLATION

Once, when only three months old, little Kṛṣṇa was crying and kicking up His feet as He lay beneath a huge cart. Then the cart fell and turned upside-down simply because it was struck by the tip of His toe.

VERSE 10.26.6

eka-hāyana āsīno
hriyamāṇo vihāyasā
daityena yas tṛṇāvartam
ahan kaṇṭha-grahāturam

SYNONYMS

eka-hāyanaḥ — one year old; āsīnaḥ — sitting; hriyamāṇaḥ — being taken away; vihāyasā — in the sky; daityena — by the demon; yaḥ — who; tṛṇāvartam — named Tṛṇāvarta; ahan — killed; kaṇṭha — his neck; graha — by being seized; āturam — tormented.

TRANSLATION

At the age of one, while sitting peacefully He was taken up into the sky by the demon Tṛṇāvarta. But baby Kṛṣṇa grabbed the demon’s neck, causing him great pain, and thus killed him.

VERSE 10.26.7

kvacid dhaiyaṅgava-stainye
mātrā baddha udūkhale
gacchann arjunayor madhye
bāhubhyāṁ tāv apātayat

SYNONYMS

kvacit — once; haiyaṅgava — butter; stainye — engaged in stealing; mātrā — by His mother; baddhaḥ — bound up; udūkhale — to a large mortar; gacchan — moving; arjunayoḥ — the twin arjuna trees; madhye — between; bāhubhyām — by His hands; tau apātayat — He made them fall.

TRANSLATION

Once, His mother tied Him with ropes to a mortar because she had caught Him stealing butter. Then, crawling on His hands, He dragged the mortar between a pair of arjuna trees and pulled them down.

VERSE 10.26.8

vane sañcārayan vatsān
sa-rāmo bālakair vṛtaḥ
hantu-kāmaṁ bakaṁ dorbhyāṁ
mukhato ’rim apāṭayat

SYNONYMS

vane — in the forest; sañcārayan — grazing; vatsān — the calves; sarāmaḥ — together with Lord Balarāma; bālakaiḥ — by the cowherd boys; vṛtaḥ — surrounded; hantu-kāmam — desiring to kill; bakam — the demon Baka; dorbhyām — with His arms; mukhataḥ — from the mouth; arim — the enemy; apāṭayat — tore apart.

TRANSLATION

Another time, when Kṛṣṇa was tending the calves in the forest together with Balarāma and the cowherd boys, the demon Bakāsura came with the intention of killing Kṛṣṇa. But Kṛṣṇa seized this inimical demon by the mouth and tore him apart.

VERSE 10.26.9

vatseṣu vatsa-rūpeṇa
praviśantaṁ jighāṁsayā
hatvā nyapātayat tena
kapitthāni ca līlayā

SYNONYMS

vatseṣu — among the calves; vatsa-rūpeṇa — appearing as if another calf; praviśantam — who had entered; jighāṁsayā — wanting to kill; hatvā — killing him; nyapātayat — He made to fall; tena — by him; kapitthāni — the kapittha fruits; ca — and; līlayā — as a sport.

TRANSLATION

Desiring to kill Kṛṣṇa, the demon Vatsa disguised himself as a calf and entered among Kṛṣṇa’s calves. But Kṛṣṇa killed the demon and, using his body, enjoyed the sport of knocking kapittha fruits down from the trees.

VERSE 10.26.10

hatvā rāsabha-daiteyaṁ
tad-bandhūṁś ca balānvitaḥ
cakre tāla-vanaṁ kṣemaṁ
paripakva-phalānvitam

SYNONYMS

hatvā — killing; rāsabha — who appeared as a jackass; daiteyam — the descendant of Diti; tat-bandhūn — the demon’s companions; ca — and; bala-anvitaḥ — accompanied by Balarāma; cakre — He made; tāla-vanam — the Tālavana forest; kṣemam — auspicious; paripakva — fully ripened; phala — with fruits; anvitam — filled.

TRANSLATION

Together with Lord Balarāma, Kṛṣṇa killed the jackass demon and all his friends, thereby securing the safety of the Tālavana forest, which abounded with fully ripened palm fruits.

VERSE 10.26.11

pralambaṁ ghātayitvograṁ
balena bala-śālinā
amocayad vraja-paśūn
gopāṁś cāraṇya-vahnitaḥ

SYNONYMS

pralambam — the demon named Pralamba; ghāyayitvā — arranging to be killed; ugram — terrible; balena — by Lord Balarāma; bala-śālinā — who is very powerful; amocayat — He liberated; vraja-paśūn — the animals of Vraja; gopān — the cowherd boys; ca — and; āraṇya — of the forest; vahnitaḥ — from the fire.

TRANSLATION

After arranging for the mighty Lord Balarāma to kill the terrible demon Pralamba, Kṛṣṇa saved Vraja’s cowherd boys and their animals from a forest fire.

VERSE 10.26.12

āśī-viṣatamāhīndraṁ
damitvā vimadaṁ hradāt
prasahyodvāsya yamunāṁ
cakre ’sau nirviṣodakām

SYNONYMS

āśī — of his fangs; viṣa-tama — having the most powerful poison; ahi — of the snakes; indram — the chief; damitvā — subduing; vimadam — whose pride was removed; hradāt — from the lake; prasahya — by force; udvāsya — sending him away; yamunām — the river Yamunā; cakre — made; asau — He; nirviṣa — free from poison; udakām — its water.

TRANSLATION

Kṛṣṇa chastised the most poisonous serpent, Kāliya, and after humbling him He drove him forcibly from the lake of the Yamunā. In this way the Lord made the water of that river free of the snake’s powerful poison.

VERSE 10.26.13

dustyajaś cānurāgo ’smin
sarveṣāṁ no vrajaukasām
nanda te tanaye ’smāsu
tasyāpy autpattikaḥ katham

SYNONYMS

dustyajaḥ — impossible to give up; ca — and; anurāgaḥ — loving affection; asmin — for Him; sarveṣām — on the part of all; naḥ — us; vraja-okasām — the residents of Vraja; nanda — dear Nanda Mahārāja; te — your; tanaye — for the son; asmāsu — toward us; tasya — on His part; api — also; autpattikaḥ — natural; katham — how.

TRANSLATION

Dear Nanda, how is it that we and all the other residents of Vraja cannot give up our constant affection for your son? And how is it that He is so spontaneously attracted to us?

VERSE 10.26.14

kva sapta-hāyano bālaḥ
kva mahādri-vidhāraṇam
tato no jāyate śaṅkā
vraja-nātha tavātmaje

SYNONYMS

kva — where, in comparison; sapta-hāyanaḥ — seven years old; bālaḥ — this boy; kva — where; mahā-adri — of the great mountain; vidhāraṇam — the lifting; tataḥ — thus; naḥ — for us; jāyate — arises; śaṅkā — doubt; vraja-nātha — O master of Vraja; tava — your; ātmaje — concerning the son.

TRANSLATION

On the one hand this boy is only seven years old, and on the other we see that He has lifted the great hill Govardhana. Therefore, O King of Vraja, a doubt about your son arises within us.

VERSE 10.26.15

śrī-nanda uvāca

śrūyatāṁ me vaco gopā
vyetu śaṅkā ca vo ’rbhake
enam kumāram uddiśya
gargo me yad uvāca ha

SYNONYMS

śrī-nandaḥ uvāca — Śrī Nanda Mahārāja said; śrūyatām — please hear; me — my; vacaḥ — words; gopāḥ — my dear cowherd men; vyetu — let it go away; śaṅkā — the doubt; ca — and; vaḥ — your; arbhake — concerning the boy; enam — this; kumāram — to the child; uddiśya — referring; gargaḥ — the sage Garga; me — to me; yat — which; uvāca — spoke; ha — in the past.

TRANSLATION

Nanda Mahārāja replied: O cowherd men, just hear my words and let all your doubts concerning my son be gone. Some time ago Garga Muni spoke to me as follows about this boy.

VERSE 10.26.16

varṇās trayaḥ kilāsyāsan
gṛhṇato ’nu-yugaṁ tanūḥ
śuklo raktas tathā pīta
idānīṁ kṛṣṇatāṁ gataḥ

SYNONYMS

varṇāḥ trayaḥ — three colors; kila — indeed; asya — by your son Kṛṣṇa; āsan — were assumed; gṛhṇataḥ — accepting; anu-yugam tanūḥ — transcendental bodies according to the different yugas; śuklaḥ — sometimes white; raktaḥ — sometimes red; tathā — as well as; pītaḥ — sometimes yellow; idānīm kṛṣṇatām gataḥ — at the present moment He has assumed a blackish color.

TRANSLATION

[Garga Muni had said:] Your son Kṛṣṇa appears as an incarnation in every millennium. In the past He assumed three different colors — white, red and yellow — and now He has appeared in a blackish color.

VERSE 10.26.17

prāgayaṁ vasudevasya
kvacij jātas tavātmajaḥ
vāsudeva iti śrīmān
abhijñāḥ sampracakṣate

SYNONYMS

prāk — before; ayam — this child; vasudevasya — of Vasudeva; kvacit — sometimes; jātaḥ — was born; tava — your; ātmajaḥ — Kṛṣṇa, who has taken birth as your child; vāsudevaḥ — therefore He may be given the name Vāsudeva; iti — thus; śrīmān — very beautiful; abhijñāḥ — those who are learned; sampracakṣate — also say that Kṛṣṇa is Vāsudeva.

TRANSLATION

For many reasons, this beautiful son of yours sometimes appeared previously as the son of Vasudeva. Therefore, those who are learned sometimes call this child Vāsudeva.

VERSE 10.26.18

bahūni santi nāmāni
rūpāṇi ca sutasya te
guṇa-karmānurūpāṇi
tāny ahaṁ veda no janāḥ

SYNONYMS

bahūni — various; santi — there are; nāmāni — names; rūpāṇi — forms; ca — also; sutasya — of the son; te — your; guṇa-karma-anurūpāṇi — according to His attributes and activities; tāni — them; aham — I; veda — know; na u janāḥ — not ordinary persons.

TRANSLATION

For this son of yours there are many forms and names according to His transcendental qualities and activities. These are known to me, but people in general do not understand them.

VERSE 10.26.19

eṣa vaḥ śreya ādhāsyad
gopa-gokula-nandanaḥ
anena sarva-durgāṇi
yūyam añjas tariṣyatha

SYNONYMS

eṣaḥ — this child; vaḥ — for all of you people; śreyaḥ ādhāsyat — will act all-auspiciously; gopa-gokula-nandanaḥ — just like a cowherd boy born in a family of cowherd men as the son of the estate of Gokula; anena — by Him; sarva-durgāṇi — all kinds of miserable conditions; yūyam — all of you; añjaḥ — easily; tariṣyatha — will overcome.

TRANSLATION

To increase the transcendental bliss of the cowherd men of Gokula, this child will always act auspiciously for you. And by His grace only, you will surpass all difficulties.

VERSE 10.26.20

purānena vraja-pate
sādhavo dasyu-pīḍitāḥ
arājake rakṣyamāṇā
jigyur dasyūn samedhitāḥ

SYNONYMS

purā — formerly; anena — by Kṛṣṇa; vraja-pate — O King of Vraja; sādhavaḥ — those who were honest; dasyu-pīḍitāḥ — being disturbed by rogues and thieves; arājake — when there was an irregular government; rakṣyamāṇāḥ — were protected; jigyuḥ — conquered; dasyūn — the rogues and thieves; samedhitāḥ — flourished.

TRANSLATION

O Nanda Mahārāja, as recorded in history, when there was an irregular, incapable government, Indra having been dethroned, and when honest people were being harassed and disturbed by thieves, this child appeared in order to curb the rogues and to protect the people and enable them to flourish.

VERSE 10.26.21

ya etasmin mahā-bhāge
prītiṁ kurvanti mānavāḥ
nārayo ’bhibhavanty etān
viṣṇu-pakṣān ivāsurāḥ

SYNONYMS

ye — those persons who; etasmin — unto this child; mahā-bhāge — most auspicious; prītim — affection; kurvanti — execute; mānavāḥ — such persons; na — not; arayaḥ — their enemies; abhibhavanti — do overcome; etān — those who are attached to Kṛṣṇa; viṣṇu-pakṣān — the demigods, who always have Lord Viṣṇu on their side; iva — like; asurāḥ — the demons.

TRANSLATION

Demons cannot harm the demigods, who always have Lord Viṣṇu on their side. Similarly, any person or group attached to all-auspicious Kṛṣṇa cannot be defeated by enemies.

VERSE 10.26.22

tasmān nanda kumāro ’yaṁ
nārāyaṇa-samo guṇaiḥ
śriyā kīrtyānubhāvena
tat-karmasu na vismayaḥ

SYNONYMS

tasmāt — therefore; nanda — O Nanda Mahārāja; kumāraḥ — child; ayam — this; nārāyaṇa-samaḥ — is as good as Nārāyaṇa; guṇaiḥ — by His qualities; śriyā — by His opulence; kīrtyā — especially by His name and fame; anubhāvena — and by His influence; tat — His; karmasu — concerning the activities; na — there is no; vismayaḥ — surprise.

TRANSLATION

Therefore, O Nanda Mahārāja, this child of yours is as good as Nārāyaṇa. In His transcendental qualities, opulence, name, fame and influence, He is exactly like Nārāyaṇa. Thus you should not be astonished hy His activities.

VERSE 10.26.23

ity addhā māṁ samādiśya
garge ca sva-gṛhaṁ gate
manye nārāyaṇasyāṁśaṁ
kṛṣṇam akliṣṭa-kāriṇam

SYNONYMS

iti — thus speaking; addhā — directly; mām — me; samādiśya — advising; garge — Gargācārya; ca — and; sva-gṛham — to his home; gate — going; manye — I consider; nārāyaṇasya — of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Nārāyaṇa; aṁśam — an empowered expansion; kṛṣṇam — Kṛṣṇa; akliṣṭa-kāriṇam — who keeps us free from misery.

TRANSLATION

[Nanda Mahārāja continued:] After Garga Ṛṣi spoke these words to me and returned home, I began to consider that Kṛṣṇa, who keeps us free from trouble, is actually an expansion of Lord Nārāyaṇa.

VERSE 10.26.24

iti nanda-vacaḥ śrutvā
garga-gītaṁ taṁ vrajaukasaḥ
muditā nandam ānarcuḥ
kṛṣṇaṁ ca gata-vismayāḥ

SYNONYMS

iti — thus; nanda-vacaḥ — the words of Nanda Mahārāja; śrutvā — hearing; garga-gītam — the statements of Garga Ṛṣi; vraja-okasaḥ — the residents of Vraja; muditāḥ — enlivened; nandam — Nanda Mahārāja; ānarcuḥ — they honored; kṛṣṇam — Lord Kṛṣṇa; ca — and; gata — gone; vismayāḥ — their perplexity.

TRANSLATION

[Śukadeva Gosvāmī continued:] Having heard Nanda Mahārāja relate the statements of Garga Muni, the residents of Vṛndāvana became enlivened. Their perplexity was gone, and they worshiped Nanda and Lord Kṛṣṇa with great respect.

VERSE 10.26.25

deve varṣati yajña-viplava-ruṣā vajrāsma-varṣānilaiḥ
sīdat-pāla-paśu-striy ātma-śaraṇaṁ dṛṣṭvānukampy utsmayan
utpāṭyaika-kareṇa śailam abalo līlocchilīndhraṁ yathā
bibhrad goṣṭham apān mahendra-mada-bhit prīyān na indro gavām

SYNONYMS

deve — when the demigod Indra; varṣati — caused rain; yajña — of his sacrifice; viplava — due to the disturbances; ruṣā — out of anger; vajra — with lightning bolts; aśma-varṣa — hail; anilaiḥ — and winds; sīdat — suffering; pāla — the cowherds; paśu — animals; stri — and women; ātma — Himself; śaraṇam — being their only shelter; dṛṣṭvā — seeing; anukampī — very compassionate by nature; utsmayan — smiling broadly; utpāṭya — picking up; eka-kareṇa — in one hand; śailam — the hill, Govardhana; abalaḥ — a small child; līlā — in play; ucchilīndhram — a mushroom; yathā — just as; bibhrat — He held; goṣṭham — the cowherd community; apāt — He protected; mahā-indra — of King Indra; mada — of the false pride; bhit — the destroyer; prīyāt — may He be satisfied; naḥ — with us; indraḥ — the Lord; gavām — of the cows.

TRANSLATION

Indra became angry when his sacrifice was disrupted, and thus he caused rain and hail to fall on Gokula, accompanied by lightning and powerful winds, all of which brought great suffering to the cowherds, animals and women there. When Lord Kṛṣṇa, who is by nature always compassionate, saw the condition of those who had only Him as their shelter, He smiled broadly and lifted Govardhana Hill with one hand, just as a small child picks up a mushroom to play with it. Holding up the hill, He protected the cowherd community. May He, Govinda, the Lord of the cows and the destroyer of Indra’s false pride, be pleased with us.