Śrīmad Bhāgavatam|Canto 10 Chapter 15

The Killing of Dhenuka, the Ass Demon

VERSE 10.15.1

śrī-śuka uvāca

tataś ca paugaṇḍa-vayaḥ-śrītau vraje
babhūvatus tau paśu-pāla-sammatau
gāś cārayantau sakhibhiḥ samaṁ padair
vṛndāvanaṁ puṇyam atīva cakratuḥ

SYNONYMS

śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; tataḥ — then; ca — and; paugaṇḍa vayaḥ — the age of paugaṇḍa (years six to ten); śritau — attaining; vraje — in Vṛndāvana; babhūvatuḥ — They (Rāma and Kṛṣṇa) became; tau — the two of Them; paśu-pāla — as cowherds; sammatau — appointed; gāḥ — the cows; cārayantau — tending; sakhibhiḥ samam — along with Their friends; padaiḥ — with the marks of Their feet; vṛndāvanam — Śrī Vṛndāvana; puṇyam — auspicious; atīva — extremely; cakratuḥ — They made.

TRANSLATION

Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: When Lord Rāma and Lord Kṛṣṇa attained the age of paugaṇḍa [six to ten] while living in Vṛndāvana, the cowherd men allowed Them to take up the task of tending the cows. Engaging thus in the company of Their friends, the two boys rendered the land of Vṛndāvana most auspicious by imprinting upon it the marks of Their lotus feet.

VERSE 10.15.2

tan mādhavo veṇum udīrayan vṛto
gopair gṛṇadbhiḥ sva-yaśo balānvitaḥ
paśūn puraskṛtya paśavyam āviśad
vihartu-kāmaḥ kusumākaraṁ vanam

SYNONYMS

tat — thus; mādhavaḥ — Lord Śrī Mādhava; veṇum — His flute; udīrayan — sounding; vṛtaḥ — surrounded; gopaiḥ — by the cowherd boys; gṛṇadbhiḥ — who were chanting; sva-yaśaḥ — His glories; bala-anvitaḥ — accompanied by Lord Balarāma; paśūn — the animals; puraskṛtya — keeping in front; paśavyam — full of nourishment for the cows; āviśat — He entered; vihartu-kāmaḥ — desiring to enjoy pastimes; kusuma-ākaram — rich with flowers; vanam — the forest.

TRANSLATION

Thus desiring to enjoy pastimes, Lord Mādhava, sounding His flute, surrounded by cowherd boys who were chanting His glories, and accompanied by Lord Baladeva, kept the cows before Him and entered the Vṛndāvana forest, which was full of flowers and rich with nourishment for the animals.

VERSE 10.15.3

tan mañju-ghoṣāli-mṛga-dvijākulaṁ
mahan-manaḥ-prakhya-payaḥ-sarasvatā
vātena juṣṭaṁ śata-patra-gandhinā
nirīkṣya rantuṁ bhagavān mano dadhe

SYNONYMS

tat — that forest; mañju — charming; ghoṣa — whose sounds; ali — with bees; mṛga — animals; dvija — and birds; ākulam — filled; mahat — of great souls; manaḥ — the minds; prakhya — resembling; payaḥ — whose water; sarasvatā — with a lake; vātena — by the wind; juṣṭam — served; śata-patra — of hundred-petaled lotuses; gandhinā — with the fragrance; nirīkṣya — observing; rantum — to take pleasure; bhagavān — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; manaḥ — His mind; dadhe — turned.

TRANSLATION

The Supreme Personality of Godhead looked over that forest, which resounded with the charming sounds of bees, animals and birds, and which was enhanced by a lake whose clear water resembled the minds of great souls and by a breeze carrying the fragrance of hundred-petaled lotuses. Seeing all this, Lord Kṛṣṇa decided to enjoy the auspicious atmosphere.

VERSE 10.15.4

sa tatra tatrāruṇa-pallava-śriyā
phala-prasūnoru-bhareṇa pādayoḥ
spṛśac chikhān vīkṣya vanaspatīn mudā
smayann ivāhāgra-jam ādi-pūruṣaḥ

SYNONYMS

saḥ — He; tatra tatra — all around; aruṇa — reddish; pallava — of their buds; śrīyā — with the beauty; phala — of their fruits; prasūna — and flowers; uru-bhareṇa — with the heavy burden; pādayoḥ — at His two feet; spṛśat — touching; śikhān — the tips of their branches; vīkṣya — seeing; vanaspatīn — the lordly trees; mudā — with joy; smayan — laughing; iva — almost; āha — spoke; agra-jam — to His elder brother, Lord Balarāma; ādi-pūruṣaḥ — the primeval Supreme Lord.

TRANSLATION

The primeval Lord saw that the stately trees, with their beautiful reddish buds and their heavy burden of fruits and flowers, were bending down to touch His feet with the tips of their branches. Thus He smiled gently and addressed His elder brother.

VERSE 10.15.5

śrī-bhagavān uvāca

aho amī deva-varāmarārcitaṁ
pādāmbujaṁ te sumanaḥ-phalārhaṇam
namanty upādāya śikhābhir ātmanas
tamo-’pahatyai taru-janma yat-kṛtam

SYNONYMS

śrī-bhagavān uvāca — Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa said; aho — oh; amī — these; deva-vara — O best of Lords (Śrī Balarāma); amara — by the immortal demigods; arcitam — worshiped; pāda-ambujam — to the lotus feet; te — of You; sumanaḥ — of flowers; phala — and fruits; arhaṇam — offerings; namanti — they are bowing down; upādāya — presenting; śikhābhiḥ — with their heads; ātmanaḥ — their own; tamaḥ — darkness of ignorance; apahatyai — for the purpose of eliminating; taru-janma — their birth as trees; yat — by which ignorance; kṛtam — created.

TRANSLATION

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: O greatest of Lords, just see how these trees are bowing their heads at Your lotus feet, which are worshipable by the immortal demigods. The trees are offering You their fruits and flowers to eradicate the dark ignorance that has caused their birth as trees.

VERSE 10.15.6

ete ’linas tava yaśo ’khila-loka-tīrthaṁ
gāyanta ādi-puruṣānupathaṁ bhajante
prāyo amī muni-gaṇā bhavadīya-mukhyā
gūḍhaṁ vane ’pi na jahaty anaghātma-daivam

SYNONYMS

ete — these; alinaḥ — bees; tava — Your; yaśaḥ — glories; akhila-loka — for all worlds; tīrtham — the place of pilgrimage; gāyantaḥ — are chanting; ādi-puruṣa — O original Personality of Godhead; anupatham — following You along the path; bhajante — they are engaged in worshiping; prāyaḥ — for the most part; amī — these; muni-gaṇāḥ — great sages; bhavadīya — among Your devotees; mukhyāḥ — the most intimate; gūḍham — hidden; vane — within the forest; api — even though; na jahati — they do not abandon; anagha — O sinless one; ātma-daivam — their own worshipable Deity.

TRANSLATION

O Original Personality, these bees must all be great sages and most elevated devotees of Yours, for they are worshiping You by following You along the path and chanting Your glories, which are themselves a holy place for the entire world. Though You have disguised Yourself within this forest, O sinless one, they refuse to abandon You, their worshipable Lord.

VERSE 10.15.7

nṛtyanty amī śikhina īḍya mudā hariṇyaḥ
kurvanti gopya iva te priyam īkṣaṇena
sūktaiś ca kokila-gaṇā gṛham āgatāya
dhanyā vanaukasa iyān hi satāṁ nisargaḥ

SYNONYMS

nṛtyanti — are dancing; amī — these; śikhinaḥ — peacocks; īḍya — O worshipable Lord; mudā — with joy; hariṇyaḥ — the female deer; kurvanti — are making; gopyaḥ — the gopīs; iva — as if; te — for You; priyam — gratification; īkṣaṇena — by their glancing; sūktaiḥ — with Vedic prayers; ca — and; kokila-gaṇāḥ — the cuckoos; gṛham — to their home; āgatāya — who has arrived; dhanyāḥ — fortunate; vana-okasaḥ — the residents of the forest; iyān — such; hi — indeed; satām — of saintly personalities; nisargaḥ — the nature.

TRANSLATION

O worshipable one, these peacocks are dancing before You out of joy, these doe are pleasing You with affectionate glances, just as the gopīs do, and these cuckoos are honoring You with Vedic prayers. All these residents of the forest are most fortunate, and their behavior toward You certainly befits great souls receiving another great soul at home.

VERSE 10.15.8

dhanyeyam adya dharaṇī tṛṇa-vīrudhas tvat-
pāda-spṛśo druma-latāḥ karajābhimṛṣṭāḥ
nadyo ’drayaḥ khaga-mṛgāḥ sadayāvalokair
gopyo ’ntareṇa bhujayor api yat-spṛhā śrīḥ

SYNONYMS

dhanyā — fortunate; iyam — this; adya — now; dharaṇī — the earth; tṛṇa — her grasses; vīrudhaḥ — and bushes; tvat — Your; pāda — of the feet; spṛśaḥ — receiving the touch; druma — the trees; latāḥ — and creepers; kara-ja — by Your fingernails; abhimṛṣṭāḥ — touched; nadyaḥ — the rivers; adrayaḥ — and mountains; khaga — the birds; mṛgāḥ — and animals; sadaya — merciful; avalokaiḥ — by Your glances; gopyaḥ — the gopīs; antareṇa — in between; bhujayoḥ — Your two arms; api — indeed; yat — for which; spṛhā — maintains the desire; śrīḥ — the goddess of fortune.

TRANSLATION

This earth has now become most fortunate, because You have touched her grass and bushes with Your feet and her trees and creepers with Your fingernails, and because You have graced her rivers, mountains, birds and animals with Your merciful glances. But above all, You have embraced the young cowherd women between Your two arms — a favor hankered after by the goddess of fortune herself.

VERSE 10.15.9

śrī-śuka uvāca

evaṁ vṛndāvanaṁ śrīmat
kṛṣṇaḥ prīta-manāḥ paśūn
reme sañcārayann adreḥ
sarid-rodhaḥsu sānugaḥ

SYNONYMS

śrī-śukaḥ uvāca — Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said; evam — in this way; vṛndāvanam — with the forest of Vṛndāvana and its inhabitants; śrīmat — beautiful; kṛṣṇaḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa; prīta-manāḥ — being satisfied in His mind; paśūn — the animals; reme — He took pleasure; sañcārayan — making them graze; adreḥ — in the vicinity of the mountain; sarit — of the river; rodhaḥsu — upon the banks; sa-anugaḥ — together with His companions.

TRANSLATION

Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Thus expressing His satisfaction with the beautiful forest of Vṛndāvana and its inhabitants, Lord Kṛṣṇa enjoyed tending the cows and other animals with His friends on the banks of the river Yamunā below Govardhana Hill.

VERSE 10.15.10-12

kvacid gāyati gāyatsu
madāndhāliṣv anuvrataiḥ
upagīyamāna-caritaḥ
pathi saṅkarṣaṇānvitaḥ

anujalpati jalpantaṁ
kala-vākyaiḥ śukaṁ kvacit
kvacit sa-valgu kūjantam
anukūjati kokilam

kvacic ca kāla-haṁsānām
anukūjati kūjitam
abhinṛtyati nṛtyantaṁ
barhiṇaṁ hāsayan kvacit

megha-gambhīrayā vācā
nāmabhir dūra-gān paśūn
kvacid āhvayati prītyā
go-gopāla-manojñayā

SYNONYMS

kvacit — sometimes; gāyati — He sings; gāyatsu — when they are singing; mada-andha — blinded by intoxication; aliṣu — the bees; anuvrataiḥ — along with His companions; upagīyamāna — being chanted; caritaḥ — His pastimes; pathi — upon the path; saṅkarṣaṇa-anvitaḥ — accompanied by Lord Baladeva; anujalpati — He chatters in imitation; jalpantam — of the chattering; kala-vākyaiḥ — with broken speech; śukam — parrot; kvacit — sometimes; kvacit — sometimes; sa — with; valgu — charming; kūjantam — cuckooing; anukūjati — He imitates the cuckooing; kokilam — of a cuckoo; kvacit — sometimes; ca — and; kala-haṁsānām — of the swans; anukūjati kūjitam — imitates the cooing; abhinṛtyati — He dances in front of; nṛtyantam — dancing; barhiṇam — a peacock; hāsayan — making laugh; kvacit — sometimes; megha — like clouds; gambhirayā — grave; vācā — with His voice; nāmabhiḥ — by name; dūra-gān — who had strayed far away; paśūn — the animals; kvacit — sometimes; āhvayati — He calls; prītyā — affectionately; go — to the cows; gopāla — and the cowherd boys; manaḥ-jñayā — which (voice) charms the mind.

TRANSLATION

Sometimes the honeybees in Vṛndāvana became so mad with ecstasy that they closed their eyes and began to sing. Lord Kṛṣṇa, moving along the forest path with His cowherd boyfriends and Baladeva, would then respond to the bees by imitating their singing while His friends sang about His pastimes. Sometimes Lord Kṛṣṇa would imitate the chattering of a parrot, sometimes, with a sweet voice, the call of a cuckoo, and sometimes the cooing of swans. Sometimes He vigorously imitated the dancing of a peacock, making His cowherd boyfriends laugh. Sometimes, with a voice as deep as the rumbling of clouds, He would call out with great affection the names of the animals who had wandered far from the herd, thus enchanting the cows and the cowherd boys.

VERSE 10.15.13

cakora-krauñca-cakrāhva-
bhāradvājāṁś ca barhiṇaḥ
anurauti sma sattvānāṁ
bhīta-vad vyāghra-siṁhayoḥ

SYNONYMS

cakora-krauñca-cakrāhva-bhāradvājān ca — the cakora, krauñca, cakrāhva and bhāradvāja birds; barhiṇaḥ — the peacocks; anurauti sma — He would call out in imitation of; sattvānām — together with the other creatures; bhīta-vat — acting as if afraid; vyāghra-siṁhayoḥ — of the tigers and lions.

TRANSLATION

Sometimes He would cry out in imitation of birds such as the cakoras, krauñcas, cakrāhvas, bhāradvājas and peacocks, and sometimes He would run away with the smaller animals in mock fear of lions and tigers.

VERSE 10.15.14

kvacit krīḍā-pariśrāntaṁ
gopotsaṅgopabarhaṇam
svayaṁ viśramayaty āryaṁ
pāda-saṁvāhanādibhiḥ

SYNONYMS

kvacit — sometimes; krīḍā — by playing; pariśrāntam — fatigued; gopa — of a cowherd boy; utsaṅga — the lap; upabarhaṇam — using as His pillow; svayam — personally; viśramayati — relieves Him from His fatigue; āryam — His elder brother; pāda-saṁvāhana-ādibhiḥ — by massaging His feet and offering other services.

TRANSLATION

When His elder brother, fatigued from playing, would lie down with His head upon the lap of a cowherd boy, Lord Kṛṣṇa would help Him relax by personally massaging His feet and offering other services.

VERSE 10.15.15

nṛtyato gāyataḥ kvāpi
valgato yudhyato mithaḥ
gṛhīta-hastau gopālān
hasantau praśaśaṁsatuḥ

SYNONYMS

nṛtyataḥ — who were dancing; gāyataḥ — singing; kva api — sometimes; valgataḥ — moving about; yudhyataḥ — fighting; mithaḥ — with one another; gṛhīta-hastau — holding Their hands together; gopālān — the cowherd boys; hasantau — laughing; praśaśaṁsatuḥ — They offered praise.

TRANSLATION

Sometimes, as the cowherd boys danced, sang, moved about and playfully fought with each other, Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma, standing nearby hand in hand, would glorify Their friends’ activities and laugh.

VERSE 10.15.16

kvacit pallava-talpeṣu
niyuddha-śrama-karśitaḥ
vṛkṣa-mūlāśrayaḥ śete
gopotsaṅgopabarhaṇaḥ

SYNONYMS

kvacit — sometimes; pallava — made from new twigs and buds; talpeṣu — upon beds; niyuddha — from the fighting; śrama — by fatigue; karśitaḥ — worn out; vṛkṣa — of a tree; mūla — at the base; āśrayaḥ — taking shelter; śete — He lay down; gopa-utsaṅga — the lap of a cowherd boy; upabarhaṇaḥ — as His pillow.

TRANSLATION

Sometimes Lord Kṛṣṇa grew tired from fighting and lay down at the base of a tree, resting upon a bed made of soft twigs and buds and using the lap of a cowherd friend as His pillow.

VERSE 10.15.17

pāda-saṁvāhanaṁ cakruḥ
kecit tasya mahātmanaḥ
apare hata-pāpmāno
vyajanaiḥ samavījayan

SYNONYMS

pāda-saṁvāhanam — the massaging of the feet; cakruḥ — did; kecit — some of them; tasya — of Him; mahā-ātmanaḥ — great souls; apare — others; hata-pāpmānaḥ — who were free from all sins; vyajanaiḥ — with fans; samavījayan — perfectly fanned Him.

TRANSLATION

Some of the cowherd boys, who were all great souls, would then massage His lotus feet, and others, qualified by being free of all sin, would expertly fan the Supreme Lord.

VERSE 10.15.18

anye tad-anurūpāṇi
manojñāni mahātmanaḥ
gāyanti sma mahā-rāja
sneha-klinna-dhiyaḥ śanaiḥ

SYNONYMS

anye — others; tat-anurūpāṇi — suitable for the occasion; manaḥ-jñāni — attractive to the mind; mahā-ātmanaḥ — of the great personality (Lord Kṛṣṇa); gāyanti sma — they would sing; mahā-rāja — O King Parīkṣit; sneha — by love; klinna — melted; dhiyaḥ — their hearts; śanaiḥ — slowly.

TRANSLATION

My dear King, other boys would sing enchanting songs appropriate to the occasion, and their hearts would melt out of love for the Lord.

VERSE 10.15.19

evaṁ nigūḍhātma-gatiḥ sva-māyayā
gopātmajatvaṁ caritair viḍambayan
reme ramā-lālita-pāda-pallavo
grāmyaiḥ samaṁ grāmya-vad īśa-ceṣṭitaḥ

SYNONYMS

evam — in this way; nigūḍha — hidden away; ātma-gatiḥ — His personal opulence; sva-māyayā — by His own mystical potency; gopa-ātmajatvam — the status of being the son of a cowherd; caritaiḥ — by His activities; viḍambayan — pretending; reme — He enjoyed; ramā — by the goddess of fortune; lālita — attended; pāda-pallavaḥ — His feet, which are tender like new buds; grāmyaiḥ samam — together with village persons; grāmya-vat — like a village personality; īśa-ceṣṭitaḥ — although also displaying feats unique to the Supreme Lord.

TRANSLATION

In this way the Supreme Lord, whose soft lotus feet are personally attended by the goddess of fortune, concealed His transcendental opulences by His internal potency and acted like the son of a cowherd. Yet even while enjoying like a village boy in the company of other village residents, He often exhibited feats only God could perform.

VERSE 10.15.20

śrīdāmā nāma gopālo
rāma-keśavayoḥ sakhā
subala-stokakṛṣṇādyā
gopāḥ premṇedam abruvan

SYNONYMS

śrīdāmā nāma — named Śrīdāmā; gopālaḥ — the cowherd boy; rāma-keśavayoḥ — of Lord Rāma and Lord Kṛṣṇa; sakhā — the friend; subala-stokakṛṣṇa-ādyāḥ — Subala, Stokakṛṣṇa and others; gopāḥ — cowherd boys; premṇā — with love; idam — this; abruvan — spoke.

TRANSLATION

Once, some of the cowherd boys — Śrīdāmā, the very close friend of Rāma and Kṛṣṇa, along with Subala, Stokakṛṣṇa and others — lovingly spoke the following words.

VERSE 10.15.21

rāma rāma mahā-bāho
kṛṣṇa duṣṭa-nibarhaṇa
ito ’vidūre su-mahad
vanaṁ tālāli-saṅkulam

SYNONYMS

rāma rāma — O Rāma; mahā-bāho — O mighty-armed one; kṛṣṇa — O Kṛṣṇa; duṣṭa-nibarhaṇa — O eliminator of the miscreants; itaḥ — from here; avidūre — not far; su-mahat — very expansive; vanam — a forest; tāla-āli — with rows of palm trees; saṅkulam — filled.

TRANSLATION

[The cowherd boys said:] O Rāma, Rāma, mighty-armed one! O Kṛṣṇa, destroyer of the miscreants! Not far from here is a very great forest filled with rows of palm trees.

VERSE 10.15.22

phalāni tatra bhūrīṇi
patanti patitāni ca
santi kintv avaruddhāni
dhenukena durātmanā

SYNONYMS

phalāni — the fruits; tatra — there; bhūrīṇi — very many; patanti — are falling; patitāni — have already fallen; ca — and; santi — they are; kintu — however; avaruddhāni — kept under control; dhenukena — by Dhenuka; durātmanā — the evil one.

TRANSLATION

In that Tālavana forest many fruits are falling from the trees, and many are already lying on the ground. But all the fruits are being guarded by the evil Dhenuka.

VERSE 10.15.23

so ’ti-vīryo ’suro rāma
he kṛṣṇa khara-rūpa-dhṛk
ātma-tulya-balair anyair
jñātibhir bahubhir vṛtaḥ

SYNONYMS

saḥ — he; ati-vīryaḥ — very powerful; asuraḥ — a demon; rāma — O Rāma; he kṛṣṇa — O Kṛṣṇa; khara-rūpa — the form of an ass; dhṛk — assuming; ātma-tulya — equal to himself; balaiḥ — whose strength; anyaiḥ — with others; jñātibhiḥ — companions; bahubhiḥ — many; vṛtaḥ — surrounded.

TRANSLATION

O Rāma, O Kṛṣṇa! Dhenuka is a most powerful demon and has assumed the form of an ass. He is surrounded by many friends who have assumed a similar shape and who are just as powerful as he.

VERSE 10.15.24

tasmāt kṛta-narāhārād
bhītair nṛbhir amitra-han
na sevyate paśu-gaṇaiḥ
pakṣi-saṅghair vivarjitam

SYNONYMS

tasmāt — of him; kṛta-nara-āhārāt — who has eaten human beings; bhītaiḥ — who are afraid; nṛbhiḥ — by the human beings; amitra-han — O killer of enemies; na sevyate — is not resorted to; paśu-gaṇaiḥ — by the various animals; pakṣi-saṅghaiḥ — by the flocks of birds; vivarjitam — abandoned.

TRANSLATION

The demon Dhenuka has eaten men alive, and therefore all people and animals are terrified of going to the Tāla forest. O killer of the enemy, even the birds are afraid to fly there.

VERSE 10.15.25

vidyante ’bhukta-pūrvāṇi
phalāni surabhīṇi ca
eṣa vai surabhir gandho
viṣūcīno ’vagṛhyate

SYNONYMS

vidyante — are present; abhukta-pūrvāṇi — never before tasted; phalāni — fruits; surabhīṇi — fragrant; ca — and; eṣaḥ — this; vai — indeed; surabhiḥ — fragrant; gandhaḥ — aroma; viṣūcīnaḥ — spreading everywhere; avagṛhyate — is perceived.

TRANSLATION

In the Tāla forest are sweet-smelling fruits no one has ever tasted. Indeed, even now we can smell the fragrance of the tāla fruits spreading all about.

VERSE 10.15.26

prayaccha tāni naḥ kṛṣṇa
gandha-lobhita-cetasām
vāñchāsti mahatī rāma
gamyatāṁ yadi rocate

SYNONYMS

prayaccha — please give; tāni — them; naḥ — to us; kṛṣṇa — O Kṛṣṇa; gandha — by the fragrance; lobhita — made greedy; cetasām — whose minds; vāñchā — the desire; asti — is; mahatī — great; rāma — O Rāma; gamyatām — let us go; yadi — if; rocate — it appears like a good idea.

TRANSLATION

O Kṛṣṇa! Please get those fruits for us. Our minds are so attracted by their aroma! Dear Balarāma, our desire to have those fruits is very great. If You think it’s a good idea, let’s go to that Tāla forest.

VERSE 10.15.27

evaṁ suhṛd-vacaḥ śrutvā
suhṛt-priya-cikīrṣayā
prahasya jagmatur gopair
vṛtau tālavanaṁ prabhū

SYNONYMS

evam — thus; suhṛt — of Their friends; vacaḥ — the words; śrutvā — hearing; suhṛt — to Their friends; priya — pleasure; cikīrṣayā — desiring to give; prahasya — laughing; jagmatuḥ — the two of Them went; gopaiḥ — by the cowherd boys; vṛtau — surrounded; tāla-vanam — to the Tāla forest; prabhū — the two Lords.

TRANSLATION

Hearing the words of Their dear companions, Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma laughed and, desiring to please them, set off for the Tālavana surrounded by Their cowherd boyfriends.

VERSE 10.15.28

balaḥ praviśya bāhubhyāṁ
tālān samparikampayan
phalāni pātayām āsa
mataṅ-gaja ivaujasā

SYNONYMS

balaḥ — Balarāma; praviśya — entering; bāhubhyām — with His two arms; tālān — the palm trees; samparikampayan — making shake all around; phalāni — the fruits; pātayām āsa — He made fall; matam-gajaḥ — a maddened elephant; iva — just as; ojasā — by His strength.

TRANSLATION

Lord Balarāma entered the Tāla forest first. Then with His two arms He began forcefully shaking the trees with the power of a maddened elephant, causing the tāla fruits to fall to the ground.

VERSE 10.15.29

phalānāṁ patatāṁ śabdaṁ
niśamyāsura-rāsabhaḥ
abhyadhāvat kṣiti-talaṁ
sa-nagaṁ parikampayan

SYNONYMS

phalānām — of the fruits; patatām — which are falling; śabdam — the sound; niśamya — hearing; asura-rāsabhaḥ — the demon in the form of a jackass; abhyadhāvat — ran forward; kṣiti-talam — the surface of the earth; sa-nagam — together with the trees; parikampayan — making tremble.

TRANSLATION

Hearing the sound of the falling fruits, the ass demon Dhenuka ran forward to attack, making the earth and trees tremble.

VERSE 10.15.30

sametya tarasā pratyag
dvābhyāṁ padbhyāṁ balaṁ balī
nihatyorasi kā-śabdaṁ
muñcan paryasarat khalaḥ

SYNONYMS

sametya — meeting Him; tarasā — swiftly; pratyak — hind; dvābhyām — with the two; padbhyām — legs; balam — Lord Baladeva; balī — the powerful demon; nihatya — striking; urasi — upon the chest; -śabdam — an ugly braying sound; muñcan — releasing; paryasarat — ran around; khalaḥ — the jackass.

TRANSLATION

The powerful demon rushed up to Lord Baladeva and sharply struck the Lord’s chest with the hooves of his hind legs. Then Dhenuka began to run about, braying loudly.

VERSE 10.15.31

punar āsādya saṁrabdha
upakroṣṭā parāk sthitaḥ
caraṇāv aparau rājan
balāya prākṣipad ruṣā

SYNONYMS

punaḥ — again; āsādya — approaching Him; saṁrabdhaḥ — furious; upakroṣṭā — the ass; parāk — with his back toward the Lord; sthitaḥ — standing; caraṇau — two legs; aparau — hind; rājan — O King Parīkṣit; balāya — at Lord Balarāma; prākṣipat — he hurled; ruṣā — with anger.

TRANSLATION

Moving again toward Lord Balarāma, O King, the furious ass situated himself with his back toward the Lord. Then, screaming in rage, the demon hurled his two hind legs at Him.

VERSE 10.15.32

sa taṁ gṛhītvā prapador
bhrāmayitvaika-pāṇinā
cikṣepa tṛṇa-rājāgre
bhrāmaṇa-tyakta-jīvitam

SYNONYMS

saḥ — He; tam — him; gṛhītvā — seizing; prapadoḥ — by the hooves; bhrāmayitvā — whirling around; eka-pāṇinā — with a single hand; cikṣepa — He threw; tṛṇa-rāja-agre — into the top of a palm tree; bhrāmaṇa — by the whirling; tyakta — giving up; jīvitam — his life.

TRANSLATION

Lord Balarāma seized Dhenuka by his hooves, whirled him about with one hand and threw him into the top of a palm tree. The violent wheeling motion killed the demon.

VERSE 10.15.33

tenāhato mahā-tālo
vepamāno bṛhac-chirāḥ
pārśva-sthaṁ kampayan bhagnaḥ
sa cānyaṁ so ’pi cāparam

SYNONYMS

tena — by that (body of the dead Dhenukāsura); āhataḥ — struck; mahā-tālaḥ — the great palm tree; vepamānaḥ — trembling; bṛhat-śirāḥ — which had a large top; pārśva-stham — another situated beside it; kampayan — making shake; bhagnaḥ — broken; saḥ — that; ca — and; anyam — another; saḥ — that; api — yet; ca — and; aparam — another.

TRANSLATION

Lord Balarāma threw the dead body of Dhenukāsura into the tallest palm tree in the forest, and when the dead demon landed in the treetop, the tree began shaking. The great palm tree, causing a tree by its side also to shake, broke under the weight of the demon. The neighboring tree caused yet another tree to shake, and this one struck yet another tree, which also began shaking. In this way many trees in the forest shook and broke.

VERSE 10.15.34

balasya līlayotsṛṣṭa-
khara-deha-hatāhatāḥ
tālāś cakampire sarve
mahā-vāteritā iva

SYNONYMS

balasya — of Lord Balarāma; līlayā — as the pastime; utsṛṣṭa — thrown upward; khara-deha — by the body of the ass; hata-āhatāḥ — which were striking one another; tālāḥ — the palm trees; cakampire — shook; sarve — all; mahā-vāta — by a powerful wind; īritāḥ — blown; iva — as if.

TRANSLATION

Because of Lord Balarāma’s pastime of throwing the body of the ass demon into the top of the tallest palm tree, all the trees began shaking and striking against one another as if blown about by powerful winds.

VERSE 10.15.35

naitac citraṁ bhagavati
hy anante jagad-īśvare
ota-protam idaṁ yasmiṁs
tantuṣv aṅga yathā paṭaḥ

SYNONYMS

na — not; etat — this; citram — surprising; bhagavati — for the Personality of Godhead; hi — indeed; anante — who is the unlimited; jagat-īśvare — the Lord of the the universe; ota-protam — spread out horizontally and vertically; idam — this universe; yasmin — upon whom; tantuṣu — upon its threads; aṅga — my dear Parīkṣit; yathā — just as; paṭaḥ — a cloth.

TRANSLATION

My dear Parīkṣit, that Lord Balarāma killed Dhenukāsura is not such a wonderful thing, considering that He is the unlimited Personality of Godhead, the controller of the entire universe. Indeed, the entire cosmos rests upon Him just as a woven cloth rests upon its own horizontal and vertical threads.

VERSE 10.15.36

tataḥ kṛṣṇaṁ ca rāmaṁ ca
jñātayo dhenukasya ye
kroṣṭāro ’bhyadravan sarve
saṁrabdhā hata-bāndhavāḥ

SYNONYMS

tataḥ — then; kṛṣṇam — at Lord Kṛṣṇa; ca — and; rāmam — Lord Rāma; ca — and; jñātayaḥ — the intimate companions; dhenukasya — of Dhenuka; ye — who; kroṣṭāraḥ — the asses; abhyadravan — attacked; sarve — all; saṁrabdhāḥ — enraged; hata-bāndhavāḥ — their friend having been killed.

TRANSLATION

The other ass demons, close friends of Dhenukāsura, were enraged upon seeing his death, and thus they all immediately ran to attack Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma.

VERSE 10.15.37

tāṁs tān āpatataḥ kṛṣṇo
rāmaś ca nṛpa līlayā
gṛhīta-paścāc-caraṇān
prāhiṇot tṛṇa-rājasu

SYNONYMS

tān tān — all of them, one by one; āpatataḥ — attacking; kṛṣṇaḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa; rāmaḥ — Lord Balarāma; ca — and; nṛpa — O King; līlayā — easily; gṛhīta — seizing; paścāt-caraṇān — their hind legs; prāhiṇot — threw; tṛṇa-rājasu — into the palm trees.

TRANSLATION

O King, as the demons attacked, Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma easily seized them one after another by their hind legs and threw them all into the tops of the palm trees.

VERSE 10.15.38

phala-prakara-saṅkīrṇaṁ
daitya-dehair gatāsubhiḥ
rarāja bhūḥ sa-tālāgrair
ghanair iva nabhas-talam

SYNONYMS

phala-prakara — with heaps of fruits; saṅkīrṇam — covered; daitya-dehaiḥ — with the bodies of the demons; gata-asubhiḥ — which were lifeless; rarāja — shone forth; bhūḥ — the earth; sa-tāla-agraiḥ — with the tops of the palm trees; ghanaiḥ — with clouds; iva — as; nabhaḥ-talam — the sky.

TRANSLATION

The earth then appeared beautifully covered with heaps of fruits and with the dead bodies of the demons, which were entangled in the broken tops of the palm trees. Indeed, the earth shone like the sky decorated with clouds.

VERSE 10.15.39

tayos tat su-mahat karma
niśamya vibudhādayaḥ
mumucuḥ puṣpa-varṣāṇi
cakrur vādyāni tuṣṭuvuḥ

SYNONYMS

tayoḥ — of the two brothers; tat — that; su-mahat — very great; karma — act; niśamya — hearing of; vibudha-ādayaḥ — the demigods and other elevated living beings; mumucuḥ — they released; puṣpa-varṣāṇi — downpours of flowers; cakruḥ — they performed; vādyāni — music; tuṣṭuvuḥ — they offered prayers.

TRANSLATION

Hearing of this magnificent feat of the two brothers, the demigods and other elevated living beings rained down flowers and offered music and prayers in glorification.

VERSE 10.15.40

atha tāla-phalāny ādan
manuṣyā gata-sādhvasāḥ
tṛṇaṁ ca paśavaś cerur
hata-dhenuka-kānane

SYNONYMS

atha — then; tāla — of the palm trees; phalāni — the fruits; ādan — ate; manuṣyāḥ — the human beings; gata-sādhvasāḥ — having lost their fear; tṛṇam — upon the grass; ca — and; paśavaḥ — the animals; ceruḥ — grazed; hata — killed; dhenuka — of the demon Dhenuka; kānane — in the forest.

TRANSLATION

People now felt free to return to the forest where Dhenuka had been killed, and without fear they ate the fruits of the palm trees. Also, the cows could now graze freely upon the grass there.

VERSE 10.15.41

kṛṣṇaḥ kamala-patrākṣaḥ
puṇya-śravaṇa-kīrtanaḥ
stūyamāno ’nugair gopaiḥ
sāgrajo vrajam āvrajat

SYNONYMS

kṛṣṇaḥ — Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa; kamala-patra-akṣaḥ — whose eyes are like lotus petals; puṇya-śravaṇa-kīrtanaḥ — hearing and chanting about whom is the most pious activity; stūyamānaḥ — being glorified; anugaiḥ — by His followers; gopaiḥ — the cowherd boys; sa-agra-jaḥ — together with His elder brother, Balarāma; vrajam — to Vraja; āvrajat — He returned.

TRANSLATION

Then lotus-eyed Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, whose glories are most pious to hear and chant, returned home to Vraja with His elder brother, Balarāma. Along the way, the cowherd boys, His faithful followers, chanted His glories.

VERSE 10.15.42

taṁ gorajaś-churita-kuntala-baddha-barha-
vanya-prasūna-rucirekṣaṇa-cāru-hāsam
veṇum kvaṇantam anugair upagīta-kīrtiṁ
gopyo didṛkṣita-dṛśo ’bhyagaman sametāḥ

SYNONYMS

tam — Him; go-rajaḥ — with the dust raised by the cows; churita — smeared; kuntala — within His locks of hair; baddha — placed; barha — a peacock feather; vanya-prasūna — with forest flowers; rucira-īkṣaṇa — charming eyes; cāru-hāsam — and a beautiful smile; veṇum — His flute; kvaṇantam — sounding; anugaiḥ — by His companions; upagīta — being chanted; kīrtim — His glories; gopyaḥ — the gopīs; didṛkṣita — eager to see; dṛśaḥ — their eyes; abhyagaman — came forward; sametāḥ — in a body.

TRANSLATION

Lord Kṛṣṇa’s hair, powdered with the dust raised by the cows, was decorated with a peacock feather and forest flowers. The Lord glanced charmingly and smiled beautifully, playing upon His flute while His companions chanted His glories. The gopīs, all together, came forward to meet Him, their eyes very eager to see Him.

VERSE 10.15.43

pītvā mukunda-mukha-sāragham akṣi-bhṛṅgais
tāpaṁ jahur viraha-jaṁ vraja-yoṣito ’hni
tat sat-kṛtiṁ samadhigamya viveśa goṣṭhaṁ
savrīḍa-hāsa-vinayaṁ yad apāṅga-mokṣam

SYNONYMS

pītvā — drinking; mukunda-mukha — of the face of Lord Mukunda; sāragham — the honey; akṣi-bhṛṅgaiḥ — with their beelike eyes; tāpam — distress; jahuḥ — gave up; viraha-jam — based on separation; vraja-yoṣitaḥ — the ladies of Vṛndāvana; ahni — during the day; tat — that; sat-kṛtim — offering of respect; samadhigamya — fully accepting; viveśa — He entered; goṣṭham — the cowherd village; sa-vrīḍa — with shame; hāsa — laughter; vinayam — and humbleness; yat — which; apāṅga — of their sidelong glances; mokṣam — the release.

TRANSLATION

With their beelike eyes, the women of Vṛndāvana drank the honey of the beautiful face of Lord Mukunda, and thus they gave up the distress they had felt during the day because of separation from Him. The young Vṛndāvana ladies cast sidelong glances at the Lord — glances filled with bashfulness, laughter and submission — and Śrī Kṛṣṇa, completely accepting these glances as a proper offering of respect, entered the cowherd village.

VERSE 10.15.44

tayor yaśodā-rohiṇyau
putrayoḥ putra-vatsale
yathā-kāmaṁ yathā-kālaṁ
vyadhattāṁ paramāśiṣaḥ

SYNONYMS

tayoḥ — to the two; yaśodā-rohiṇyau — Yaśodā and Rohiṇī (the mothers of Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma, respectively); putrayoḥ — to their sons; putra-vatsale — who were very affectionate to their sons; yathā-kāmam — in accordance with Their desires; yathā-kālam — in accordance with the time and circumstances; vyadhattām — presented; parama-āśiṣaḥ — first-class enjoyable offerings.

TRANSLATION

Mother Yaśodā and mother Rohiṇī, acting most affectionately toward their two sons, offered all the best things to Them in response to Their every desire and at the various appropriate times.

VERSE 10.15.45

gatādhvāna-śramau tatra
majjanonmardanādibhiḥ
nīvīṁ vasitvā rucirāṁ
divya-srag-gandha-maṇḍitau

SYNONYMS

gata — gone; adhvāna-śramau — whose weariness from being upon the road; tatra — there (in Their home); majjana — by bathing; unmardana — massaging; ādibhiḥ — and so on; nīvīm — in undergarments; vasitvā — being dressed; rucirām — charming; divya — transcendental; srak — with garlands; gandha — and fragrances; maṇḍitau — decorated.

TRANSLATION

By being bathed and massaged, the two young Lords were relieved of the weariness caused by walking on the country roads. Then They were dressed in attractive robes and decorated with transcendental garlands and fragrances.

VERSE 10.15.46

janany-upahṛtaṁ prāśya
svādy annam upalālitau
saṁviśya vara-śayyāyāṁ
sukhaṁ suṣupatur vraje

SYNONYMS

jananī — by Their mothers; upahṛtam — offered; prāśya — eating fully; svādu — delicious; annam — food; upalālitau — being pampered; saṁviśya — entering; vara — excellent; śayyāyām — upon bedding; sukham — happily; suṣupatuḥ — the two of Them slept; vraje — in Vraja.

TRANSLATION

After dining sumptuously on the delicious food given Them by Their mothers and being pampered in various ways, the two brothers lay down upon Their excellent beds and happily went to sleep in the village of Vraja.

VERSE 10.15.47

evaṁ sa bhagavān kṛṣṇo
vṛndāvana-caraḥ kvacit
yayau rāmam ṛte rājan
kālindīṁ sakhibhir vṛtaḥ

SYNONYMS

evam — thus; saḥ — He; bhagavān — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; kṛṣṇaḥ — Kṛṣṇa; vṛndāvana-caraḥ — wandering, and acting, in Vṛndāvana; kvacit — once; yayau — went; rāmam ṛte — without Lord Balarāma; rājan — O King Parīkṣit; kālindīm — to the river Yamunā; sakhibhiḥ — by His friends; vṛtaḥ — surrounded.

TRANSLATION

O King, the Supreme Lord Kṛṣṇa thus wandered about the Vṛndāvana area, performing His pastimes. Once, surrounded by His boyfriends, He went without Balarāma to the Yamunā River.

VERSE 10.15.48

atha gāvaś ca gopāś ca
nidāghātapa-pīḍitāḥ
duṣṭaṁ jalaṁ papus tasyās
tṛṣṇārtā viṣa-dūṣitam

SYNONYMS

atha — then; gāvaḥ — the cows; ca — and; gopāḥ — the cowherd boys; ca — and; nidāgha — of the summer; ātapa — by the glaring sun; pīḍitāḥ — distressed; duṣṭam — contaminated; jalam — the water; papuḥ — they drank; tasyāḥ — of the river; tṛṣa-ārtāḥ — tormented by thirst; viṣa — by poison; dūṣitam — spoiled.

TRANSLATION

At that time the cows and cowherd boys were feeling acute distress from the glaring summer sun. Afflicted by thirst, they drank the water of the Yamunā River. But it had been contaminated with poison.

VERSE 10.15.49-50

viṣāmbhas tad upaspṛśya
daivopahata-cetasaḥ
nipetur vyasavaḥ sarve
salilānte kurūdvaha

vīkṣya tān vai tathā-bhūtān
kṛṣṇo yogeśvareśvaraḥ
īkṣayāmṛta-varṣiṇyā
sva-nāthān samajīvayat

SYNONYMS

viṣa-ambhaḥ — the poisoned water; tat — that; upaspṛśya — simply touching; daiva — by the mystic potency of the Personality of Godhead; upahata — lost; cetasaḥ — their consciousness; nipetuḥ — they fell down; vyasavaḥ — lifeless; sarve — all of them; salila-ante — at the edge of the water; kuru-udvaha — O hero of the Kuru dynasty; vīkṣya — seeing; tān — them; vai — indeed; tathā-bhūtān — in such a condition; kṛṣṇaḥ — Lord Kṛṣṇa; yoga-īśvara-īśvaraḥ — the master of all masters of yoga; īkṣayā — by His glance; amṛta-varṣiṇyā — which is a shower of nectar; sva-nāthān — those who accepted only Him as their master; samajīvayat — brought back to life.

TRANSLATION

As soon as they touched the poisoned water, all the cows and boys lost their consciousness by the divine power of the Lord and fell lifeless at the water’s edge. O hero of the Kurus, seeing them in such a condition, Lord Kṛṣṇa, the master of all masters of mystic potency, felt compassion for these devotees, who had no Lord other than Him. Thus He immediately brought them back to life by showering His nectarean glance upon them.

VERSE 10.15.51

te sampratīta-smṛtayaḥ
samutthāya jalāntikāt
āsan su-vismitāḥ sarve
vīkṣamāṇāḥ parasparam

SYNONYMS

te — they; sampratīta — regaining perfectly; smṛtayaḥ — their memory; samutthāya — rising up; jala-antikāt — from out of the water; āsan — they became; su-vismitāḥ — very surprised; sarve — all; vīkṣamāṇāḥ — looking; parasparam — at one another.

TRANSLATION

Regaining their full consciousness, the cows and boys stood up out of the water and began to look at one another in great astonishment.

VERSE 10.15.52

anvamaṁsata tad rājan
govindānugrahekṣitam
pītvā viṣaṁ paretasya
punar utthānam ātmanaḥ

SYNONYMS

anvamaṁsata — they subsequently thought; tat — that; rājan — O King Parīkṣit; govinda — of Lord Govinda; anugraha-īkṣitam — due to the merciful glance; pītvā — having drunk; viṣam — poison; paretasya — of those who have lost their lives; punaḥ — once again; utthānam — rising up; ātmanaḥ — on their own.

TRANSLATION

O King, the cowherd boys then considered that although they had drunk poison and in fact had died, simply by the merciful glance of Govinda they had regained their lives and stood up by their own strength.