Śrīmad Bhāgavatam |Canto 1 Chapter 16

How Parīkṣit Received the Age of Kali

VERSE 1.16.1

sūta uvāca

tataḥ parīkṣid dvija-varya-śikṣayā
mahīṁ mahā-bhāgavataḥ śaśāsa ha
yathā hi sūtyām abhijāta-kovidāḥ
samādiśan vipra mahad-guṇas tathā

SYNONYMS

sūtaḥuvāca — Sūta Gosvāmī said; tataḥ — thereafter; parīkṣit — Mahārāja Parīkṣit; dvija-varya — the great twice-born brāhmaṇas; śikṣayā — by their instructions; mahīm — the earth; mahā-bhāgavataḥ — the great devotee; śaśāsa — ruled; ha — in the past; yathā — as they told it; hi — certainly; sūtyām — at the time of his birth; abhijāta-kovidāḥ — expert astrologers at the time of birth; samādiśan — gave their opinions; vipra — O brāhmaṇas; mahat-guṇaḥ — great qualities; tathā — true to that.

TRANSLATION

Sūta Gosvāmī said: O learned brāhmaṇas, Mahārāja Parīkṣit then began to rule over the world as a great devotee of the Lord under the instructions of the best of the twice-born brāhmaṇas. He ruled by those great qualities which were foretold by expert astrologers at the time of his birth.

VERSE 1.16.2

sa uttarasya tanayām
upayema irāvatīm
janamejayādīṁś caturas
tasyām utpādayat sutān

SYNONYMS

saḥ — he; uttarasya — of King Uttara; tanayām — daughter; upayeme — married; irāvatīm — Irāvatī; janamejaya-ādīn — headed by Mahārāja Janamejaya; caturaḥ — four; tasyām — in her; utpādayat — begot; sutān — sons.

TRANSLATION

King Parīkṣit married the daughter of King Uttara and begot four sons, headed by Mahārāja Janamejaya.

VERSE 1.16.3

ājahārāśva-medhāṁs trīn
gaṅgāyāṁ bhūri-dakṣiṇān
śāradvataṁ guruṁ kṛtvā
devā yatrākṣi-gocarāḥ

SYNONYMS

ājahāra — performed; aśva-medhān — horse sacrifices; trīn — three; gaṅgāyām — the bank of the Ganges; bhūri — sufficiently; dakṣiṇān — rewards; śāradvatam — unto Kṛpācārya; gurum — spiritual master; kṛtvā — having selected; devāḥ — the demigods; yatra — wherein; akṣi — eyes; gocarāḥ — within the purview.

TRANSLATION

Mahārāja Parīkṣit, after having selected Kṛpācārya for guidance as his spiritual master, performed three horse sacrifices on the banks of the Ganges. These were executed with sufficient rewards for the attendants. And at these sacrifices, even the common man could see demigods.

VERSE 1.16.4

nijagrāhaujasā vīraḥ
kaliṁ digvijaye kvacit
nṛpa-liṅga-dharaṁ śūdraṁ
ghnantaṁ go-mithunaṁ padā

SYNONYMS

nijagrāha — sufficiently punished; ojasā — by prowess; vīraḥ — valiant hero; kalim — unto Kali, the master of the age; digvijaye — on his way to conquer the world; kvacit — once upon a time; nṛpa-liṅga-dharam — one who passes in the dress of a king; śūdram — the lower class; ghnantam — hurting; go-mithunam — a cow and bull; padā — on the leg.

TRANSLATION

Once, when Mahārāja Parīkṣit was on his way to conquer the world, he saw the master of Kali-yuga, who was lower than a śūdra, disguised as a king and hurting the legs of a cow and bull. The King at once caught hold of him to deal sufficient punishment.

VERSE 1.16.5

śaunaka uvāca

kasya hetor nijagrāha
kaliṁ digvijaye nṛpaḥ
nṛdeva-cihna-dhṛk śūdra-
ko ’sau gāṁ yaḥ padāhanat
tat kathyatāṁ mahā-bhāga
yadi kṛṣṇa-kathāśrayam

SYNONYMS

śaunakaḥuvāca — Śaunaka Ṛṣi said; kasya — for what; hetoḥ — reason; nijagrāha — sufficiently punished; kalim — the master of the Age of Kali; digvijaye — during the time of his world tour; nṛpaḥ — the King; nṛ-deva — royal person; cihna-dhṛk — decorated like; śūdrakaḥ — lowest of the śūdras; asau — he; gām — cow; yaḥ — one who; padā ahanat — struck on the leg; tat — all that; kathyatām — please describe; mahā-bhāga — O greatly fortunate one; yadi — if, however; kṛṣṇa — about Kṛṣṇa; kathā-āśrayam — related with His topics.

TRANSLATION

Śaunaka Ṛṣi inquired: Why did Mahārāja Parīkṣit simply punish him, since he was the lowest of the śūdras, having dressed as a king and having struck a cow on the leg? Please describe all these incidents if they relate to the topics of Lord Kṛṣṇa.

VERSE 1.16.6

athavāsya padāmbhoja-
makaranda-lihāṁ satām
kim anyair asad-ālāpair
āyuṣo yad asad-vyayaḥ

SYNONYMS

athavā — otherwise; asya — of His (Lord Kṛṣṇa’s); pada-ambhoja — lotus feet; makaranda-lihām — of those who lick the honey from such a lotus flower; satām — of those who are to exist eternally; kim anyaiḥ — what is the use of anything else; asat — illusory; ālāpaiḥ — topics; āyuṣaḥ — of the duration of life; yat — that which is; asat-vyayaḥ — unnecessary waste of life.

TRANSLATION

The devotees of the Lord are accustomed to licking up the honey available from the lotus feet of the Lord. What is the use of topics which simply waste one’s valuable life?

VERSE 1.16.7

kṣudrāyuṣāṁ nṛṇām aṅga
martyānām ṛtam icchatām
ihopahūto bhagavān
mṛtyuḥ śāmitra-karmaṇi

SYNONYMS

kṣudra — very small; āyuṣām — of the duration of life; nṛṇām — of the human beings; aṅga — O Sūta Gosvāmī; martyānām — of those who are sure to meet death; ṛtam — eternal life; icchatām — of those who desire it; iha — herein; upahūtaḥ — called for being present; bhagavān — representing the Lord; mṛtyuḥ — the controller of death, Yamarāja; śāmitra — suppressing; karmaṇi — performances.

TRANSLATION

O Sūta Gosvāmī, there are those amongst men who desire freedom from death and get eternal life. They escape the slaughtering process by calling the controller of death, Yamarāja.

VERSE 1.16.8

na kaścin mriyate tāvad
yāvad āsta ihāntakaḥ
etad-arthaṁ hi bhagavān
āhūtaḥ paramarṣibhiḥ
aho nṛ-loke pīyeta
hari-līlāmṛtaṁ vacaḥ

SYNONYMS

na — not; kaścit — anyone; mriyate — will die; tāvat — so long; yāvat — as long as; āste — is present; iha — herein; antakaḥ — one who causes the end of life; etat — this; artham — reason; hi — certainly; bhagavān — the representative of the Lord; āhūtaḥ — invited; parama-ṛṣibhiḥ — by the great sages; aho — alas; nṛ-loke — in human society; pīyeta — let them drink; hari-līlā — transcendental pastimes of the Lord; amṛtam — nectar for eternal life; vacaḥ — narrations.

TRANSLATION

As long as Yamarāja, who causes everyone’s death, is present here, no one shall meet with death. The great sages have invited the controller of death, Yamarāja, who is the representative of the Lord. Living beings who are under his grip should take advantage by hearing the deathless nectar in the form of this narration of the transcendental pastimes of the Lord.

VERSE 1.16.9

mandasya manda-prajñasya
vayo mandāyuṣaś ca vai
nidrayā hriyate naktaṁ
divā ca vyartha-karmabhiḥ

SYNONYMS

mandasya — of the lazy; manda — paltry; prajñasya — of intelligence; vayaḥ — age; manda — short; āyuṣaḥ — of duration of life; ca — and; vai — exactly; nidrayā — by sleeping; hriyate — passes away; naktam — night; divā — daytime; ca — also; vyartha — for nothing; karmabhiḥ — by activities.

TRANSLATION

Lazy human beings with paltry intelligence and a short duration of life pass the night sleeping and the day performing activities that are for naught.

VERSE 1.16.10

sūta uvāca

yadā parīkṣit kuru-jāṅgale ’vasat
kaliṁ praviṣṭaṁ nija-cakravartite
niśamya vārtām anatipriyāṁ tataḥ
śarāsanaṁ saṁyuga-śauṇḍir ādade

SYNONYMS

sūtaḥuvāca — Sūta Gosvāmī said; yadā — when; parīkṣit — Mahārāja Parīkṣit; kuru-jāṅgale — in the capital of Kuru’s empire; avasat — was residing; kalim — the symptoms of the Age of Kali; praviṣṭam — entered; nija-cakravartite — within his jurisdiction; niśamya — thus hearing; vārtām — news; anati-priyām — not very palatable; tataḥ — thereafter; śarāsanam — arrows and bow; saṁyuga — having gotten a chance for; śauṇḍiḥ — martial activities; ādade — took up.

TRANSLATION

Sūta Gosvāmī said: While Mahārāja Parīkṣit was residing in the capital of the Kuru empire, the symptoms of the Age of Kali began to infiltrate within the jurisdiction of his state. When he learned about this, he did not think the matter very palatable. This did, however, give him a chance to fight. He took up his bow and arrows and prepared himself for military activities.

VERSE 1.16.11

svalaṅkṛtaṁ śyāma-turaṅga-yojitaṁ
rathaṁ mṛgendra-dhvajam āśritaḥ purāt
vṛto rathāśva-dvipapatti-yuktayā
sva-senayā digvijayāya nirgataḥ

SYNONYMS

su-alaṅkṛtam — very well decorated; śyāma — black; turaṅga — horses; yojitam — tackled; ratham — chariot; mṛga-indra — lion; dhvajam — flagged; āśritaḥ — under the protection; purāt — from the capital; vṛtaḥ — surrounded by; ratha — charioteers; aśva — cavalry; dvipapatti — elephants; yuktayā — thus being equipped; sva-senayā — along with infantry; digvijayāya — for the purpose of conquering; nirgataḥ — went out.

TRANSLATION

Mahārāja Parīkṣit sat on a chariot drawn by black horses. His flag was marked with the sign of a lion. Being so decorated and surrounded by charioteers, cavalry, elephants and infantry soldiers, he left the capital to conquer in all directions.

VERSE 1.16.12

bhadrāśvaṁ ketumālaṁ ca
bhārataṁ cottarān kurūn
kimpuruṣādīni varṣāṇi
vijitya jagṛhe balim

SYNONYMS

bhadrāśvam — Bhadrāśva; ketumālam — Ketumāla; ca — also; bhāratam — Bhārata; ca — and; uttarān — the northern countries; kurūn — the kingdom of the Kuru dynasty; kimpuruṣa-ādīni — a country beyond the northern side of the Himālayas; varṣāṇi — parts of the earth planet; vijitya — conquering; jagṛhe — exacted; balim — strength.

TRANSLATION

Mahārāja Parīkṣit then conquered all parts of the earthly planet — Bhadrāśva, Ketumāla, Bhārata, the northern Kuru, Kimpuruṣa, etc. — and exacted tributes from their respective rulers.

VERSE 1.16.13-15

tatra tatropaśṛṇvānaḥ
sva-pūrveṣāṁ mahātmanām
pragīyamāṇaṁ ca yaśaḥ
kṛṣṇa-māhātmya-sūcakam

ātmānaṁ ca paritrātam
aśvatthāmno ’stra-tejasaḥ
snehaṁ ca vṛṣṇi-pārthānāṁ
teṣāṁ bhaktiṁ ca keśave

tebhyaḥ parama-santuṣṭaḥ
prīty-ujjṛmbhita-locanaḥ
mahā-dhanāni vāsāṁsi
dadau hārān mahā-manāḥ

SYNONYMS

tatratatra — everywhere the King visited; upaśṛṇvānaḥ — continuously he heard; sva-pūrveṣām — about his own forefathers; mahā-ātmanām — who were all great devotees of the Lord; pragīyamāṇam — unto those who were thus addressing; ca — also; yaśaḥ — glories; kṛṣṇa — Lord Kṛṣṇa; māhātmya — glorious acts; sūcakam — indicating; ātmānam — his personal self; ca — also; paritrātam — delivered; aśvatthāmnaḥ — of Aśvatthāmā; astra — weapon; tejasaḥ — powerful rays; sneham — affection; ca — also; vṛṣṇi-pārthānām — between descendants of Vṛṣṇi and those of Pṛthā; teṣām — of all of them; bhaktim — devotion; ca — also; keśave — unto Lord Kṛṣṇa; tebhyaḥ — unto them; parama — extremely; santuṣṭaḥ — pleased; prīti — attraction; ujjṛmbhita — pleasingly open; locanaḥ — one who has such eyes; mahā-dhanāni — valuable riches; vāsāṁsi — clothing; dadau — gave in charity; hārān — necklace; mahā-manāḥ — one who has a broader outlook.

TRANSLATION

Wherever the King visited, he continuously heard the glories of his great forefathers, who were all devotees of the Lord, and also of the glorious acts of Lord Kṛṣṇa. He also heard how he himself had been protected by the Lord from the powerful heat of the weapon of Aśvatthāmā. People also mentioned the great affection between the descendants of Vṛṣṇi and Pṛthā due to the latter’s great devotion to Lord Keśava. The King, being very pleased with the singers of such glories, opened his eyes in great satisfaction. Out of magnanimity he was pleased to award them very valuable necklaces and clothing.

VERSE 1.16.16

sārathya-pāraṣada-sevana-sakhya-dautya-
vīrāsanānugamana-stavana-praṇāmān
snigdheṣu pāṇḍuṣu jagat-praṇatiṁ ca viṣṇor
bhaktiṁ karoti nṛ-patiś caraṇāravinde

SYNONYMS

sārathya — acceptance of the post of a chariot driver; pāraṣada — acceptance of the presidency in the assembly of the Rājasūya sacrifice; sevana — engaging the mind constantly in the service of the Lord; sakhya — to think of the Lord as a friend; dautya — acceptance of the post of a messenger; vīra-āsana — acceptance of the post of a watchman with a drawn sword at night; anugamana — following in the footsteps; stavana — offering of prayers; praṇāmān — offering obeisances; snigdheṣu — unto them who are malleable to the will of the Lord; pāṇḍuṣu — unto the sons of Pāṇḍu; jagat — the universal; praṇatim — one who is obeyed; ca — and; viṣṇoḥ — of Viṣṇu; bhaktim — devotion; karoti — does; nṛ-patiḥ — the King; caraṇa-aravinde — unto His lotus feet.

TRANSLATION

Mahārāja Parīkṣit heard that out of His causeless mercy Lord Kṛṣṇa [Viṣṇu], who is universally obeyed, rendered all kinds of service to the malleable sons of Pāṇḍu by accepting posts ranging from chariot driver to president to messenger, friend, night watchman, etc., according to the will of the Pāṇḍavas, obeying them like a servant and offering obeisances like one younger in years. When he heard this, Mahārāja Parīkṣit became overwhelmed with devotion to the lotus feet of the Lord.

VERSE 1.16.17

tasyaivaṁ vartamānasya
pūrveṣāṁ vṛttim anvaham
nātidūre kilāścaryaṁ
yad āsīt tan nibodha me

SYNONYMS

tasya — of Mahārāja Parīkṣit; evam — thus; vartamānasya — remaining absorbed in such thought; pūrveṣām — of his forefathers; vṛttim — good engagement; anvaham — day after day; na — not; ati-dūre — far off; kila — verily; āścaryam — astonishing; yat — that; āsīt — was; tat — which; nibodha — know it; me — from me.

TRANSLATION

Now you may hear from me of what happened while Mahārāja Parīkṣit was passing his days hearing of the good occupations of his forefathers and being absorbed in thought of them.

VERSE 1.16.18

dharmaḥ padaikena caran
vicchāyām upalabhya gām
pṛcchati smāśru-vadanāṁ
vivatsām iva mātaram

SYNONYMS

dharmaḥ — the personality of religious principles; padā — leg; ekena — on one only; caran — wandering; vicchāyām — overtaken by the shadow of grief; upalabhya — having met; gām — the cow; pṛcchati sma — asked; aśru-vadanām — with tears on the face; vivatsām — one who has lost her offspring; iva — like; mātaram — the mother.

TRANSLATION

The personality of religious principles, Dharma, was wandering about in the form of a bull. And he met the personality of earth in the form of a cow who appeared to grieve like a mother who had lost her child. She had tears in her eyes, and the beauty of her body was lost. Thus Dharma questioned the earth as follows.

VERSE 1.16.19

dharma uvāca

kaccid bhadre ’nāmayam ātmanas te
vicchāyāsi mlāyateṣan mukhena
ālakṣaye bhavatīm antarādhiṁ
dūre bandhuṁ śocasi kañcanāmba

SYNONYMS

dharmaḥuvāca — Dharma inquired; kaccit — whether; bhadre — madam; anāmayam — quite hale and hearty; ātmanaḥ — self; te — unto you; vicchāyā asi — appear to be covered with the shadow of grief; mlāyatā — which darkens; īṣat — slightly; mukhena — by the face; ālakṣaye — you look; bhavatīm — unto yourself; antarādhim — some disease within; dūre — long distant; bandhum — friend; śocasi — thinking of; kañcana — someone; amba — O mother.

TRANSLATION

Dharma [in the form of a bull] asked: Madam, are you not hale and hearty? Why are you covered with the shadow of grief? It appears by your face that you have become black. Are you suffering from some internal disease, or are you thinking of some relative who is away in a distant place?

VERSE 1.16.20

pādair nyūnaṁ śocasi maika-pādam
ātmānaṁ vā vṛṣalair bhokṣyamāṇam
āho surādīn hṛta-yajña-bhāgān
prajā uta svin maghavaty avarṣati

SYNONYMS

pādaiḥ — by three legs; nyūnam — diminished; śocasi — if you are lamenting for that; — my; eka-pādam — only one leg; ātmānam — own body; — or; vṛṣalaiḥ — by the unlawful meat-eaters; bhokṣyamāṇam — to be exploited; āhoḥ — in sacrifice; sura-ādīn — the authorized demigods; hṛta-yajña — devoid of sacrificial; bhāgān — share; prajāḥ — the living beings; uta — increasing; svit — whether; maghavati — in famine and scarcity; avarṣati — because of rainlessness.

TRANSLATION

I have lost my three legs and am now standing on one only. Are you lamenting for my state of existence? Or are you in great anxiety because henceforward the unlawful meat-eaters will exploit you? Or are you in a sorry plight because the demigods are now bereft of their share of sacrificial offerings because no sacrifices are being performed at present? Or are you grieving for living beings because of their sufferings due to famine and drought?

VERSE 1.16.21

arakṣyamāṇāḥ striya urvi bālān
śocasy atho puruṣādair ivārtān
vācaṁ devīṁ brahma-kule kukarmaṇy
abrahmaṇye rāja-kule kulāgryān

SYNONYMS

arakṣyamāṇāḥ — unprotected; striyaḥ — women; urvi — on the earth; bālān — children; śocasi — you are feeling compassion; atho — as such; puruṣa-ādaiḥ — by cannibals (Rākṣasas); iva — like that; ārtān — those who are unhappy; vācam — vocabulary; devīm — the goddess; brahma-kule — in the family of the brāhmaṇa; kukarmaṇi — acts against the principles of religion; abrahmaṇye — persons against the brahminical culture; rāja-kule — in the administrative family; kula-agryān — most of all the families (the brāhmaṇas).

TRANSLATION

Are you feeling compunction for the unhappy women and children who are left forlorn by unscrupulous persons? Or are you unhappy because the goddess of learning is being handled by brāhmaṇas addicted to acts against the principles of religion? Or are you sorry to see that the brāhmaṇas have taken shelter of administrative families that do not respect brahminical culture?

VERSE 1.16.22

kiṁ kṣatra-bandhūn kalinopasṛṣṭān
rāṣṭrāṇi vā tair avaropitāni
itas tato vāśana-pāna-vāsaḥ-
snāna-vyavāyonmukha-jīva-lokam

SYNONYMS

kim — whether; kṣatra-bandhūn — the unworthy administrators; kalinā — by the influence of the Age of Kali; upasṛṣṭān — bewildered; rāṣṭrāṇi — state affairs; — or; taiḥ — by them; avaropitāni — put into disorder; itaḥ — here; tataḥ — there; — or; aśana — accepting foodstuff; pāna — drink; vāsaḥ — residence; snāna — bath; vyavāya — sexual intercourse; unmukha — inclined; jīva-lokam — human society.

TRANSLATION

The so-called administrators are now bewildered by the influence of this Age of Kali, and thus they have put all state affairs into disorder. Are you now lamenting this disorder? Now the general populace does not follow the rules and regulations for eating, sleeping, drinking, mating, etc., and they are inclined to perform such anywhere and everywhere. Are you unhappy because of this?

VERSE 1.16.23

yadvāmba te bhūri-bharāvatāra-
kṛtāvatārasya harer dharitri
antarhitasya smaratī visṛṣṭā
karmāṇi nirvāṇa-vilambitāni

SYNONYMS

yadvā — that may be; amba — O mother; te — your; bhūri — heavy; bhara — load; avatāra — decreasing the load; kṛta — done; avatārasya — one who incarnated; hareḥ — of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa; dharitri — O earth; antarhitasya — of Him who is now out of sight; smaratī — while thinking of; visṛṣṭā — all that were performed; karmāṇi — activities; nirvāṇa — salvation; vilambitāni — that which entails.

TRANSLATION

O mother earth, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Hari, incarnated Himself as Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa just to unload your heavy burden. All His activities here are transcendental, and they cement the path of liberation. You are now bereft of His presence. You are probably now thinking of those activities and feeling sorry in their absence.

VERSE 1.16.24

idaṁ mamācakṣva tavādhi-mūlaṁ
vasundhare yena vikarśitāsi
kālena vā te balināṁ balīyasā
surārcitaṁ kiṁ hṛtam amba saubhagam

SYNONYMS

idam — this; mama — unto me; ācakṣva — kindly inform; tava — your; ādhimūlam — the root cause of your tribulations; vasundhare — O reservoir of all riches; yena — by which; vikarśitā asi — reduced to much weakness; kālena — by the influence of time; — or; te — your; balinām — very powerful; balīyasā — more powerful; sura-arcitam — adored by the demigods; kim — whether; hṛtam — taken away; amba — mother; saubhagam — fortune.

TRANSLATION

Mother, you are the reservoir of all riches. Please inform me of the root cause of your tribulations by which you have been reduced to such a weak state. I think that the powerful influence of time, which conquers the most powerful, might have forcibly taken away all your fortune, which was adored even by the demigods.

VERSE 1.16.25

dharaṇy uvāca

bhavān hi veda tat sarvaṁ
yan māṁ dharmānupṛcchasi
caturbhir vartase yena
pādair loka-sukhāvahaiḥ

SYNONYMS

dharaṇīuvāca — mother earth replied; bhavān — your good self; hi — certainly; veda — know; tat sarvam — all that you have inquired from me; yat — that; mām — from me; dharma — O personality of religious principles; anupṛcchasi — you have inquired one after another; caturbhiḥ — by four; vartase — you exist; yena — by which; pādaiḥ — by the legs; loka — in each and every planet; sukha-āvahaiḥ — increasing the happiness.

TRANSLATION

The earthly deity [in the form of a cow] thus replied to the personality of religious principles [in the form of a bull]: O Dharma, whatever you have inquired from me shall be known to you. I shall try to reply to all those questions. Once you too were maintained by your four legs, and you increased happiness all over the universe by the mercy of the Lord.

VERSE 1.16.26-30

satyaṁ śaucaṁ dayā kṣāntis
tyāgaḥ santoṣa ārjavam
śamo damas tapaḥ sāmyaṁ
titikṣoparatiḥ śrutam

jñānaṁ viraktir aiśvaryaṁ
śauryaṁ tejo balaṁ smṛtiḥ
svātantryaṁ kauśalaṁ kāntir
dhairyaṁ mārdavam eva ca

prāgalbhyaṁ praśrayaḥ śīlaṁ
saha ojo balaṁ bhagaḥ
gāmbhīryaṁ sthairyam āstikyaṁ
kīrtir māno ’nahaṅkṛtiḥ

ete cānye ca bhagavan
nityā yatra mahā-guṇāḥ
prārthyā mahattvam icchadbhir
na viyanti sma karhicit

tenāhaṁ guṇa-pātreṇa
śrī-nivāsena sāmpratam
śocāmi rahitaṁ lokaṁ
pāpmanā kalinekṣitam

SYNONYMS

satyam — truthfulness; śaucam — cleanliness; dayā — intolerance of others’ unhappiness; kṣāntiḥ — self-control even if there is cause of anger; tyāgaḥ — magnanimity; santoṣaḥ — self-satisfaction; ārjavam — straightforwardness; śamaḥ — fixing of the mind; damaḥ — control of the sense organs; tapaḥ — trueness to one’s responsibility; sāmyam — indiscrimination between friend and foe; titikṣā — tolerance of the offenses of others; uparatiḥ — indifference to loss and gain; śrutam — following scriptural injunctions; jñānam — knowledge (self-realization); viraktiḥ — detachment from sense enjoyment; aiśvaryam — leadership; śauryam — chivalry; tejaḥ — influence; balam — to render possible that which is impossible; smṛtiḥ — to find one’s proper duty; svātantryam — not to depend on others; kauśalam — dexterity in all activities; kāntiḥ — beauty; dhairyam — freedom from disturbance; mārdavam — kindheartedness; eva — thus; ca — also; prāgalbhyam — ingenuity; praśrayaḥ — gentility; śīlam — mannerliness; sahaḥ — determination; ojaḥ — perfect knowledge; balam — proper execution; bhagaḥ — object of enjoyment; gāmbhīryam — joyfulness; sthairyam — immovability; āstikyam — faithfulness; kīrtiḥ — fame; mānaḥ — worthy of being worshiped; anahaṅkṛtiḥ — pridelessness; ete — all these; ca anye — also many others; ca — and; bhagavan — the Personality of Godhead; nityāḥ — everlasting; yatra — where; mahā-guṇāḥ — great qualities; prārthyāḥ — worthy to possess; mahattvam — greatness; icchadbhiḥ — those who desire so; na — never; viyanti — deteriorates; sma — ever; karhicit — at any time; tena — by Him; aham — myself; guṇa-pātreṇa — the reservoir of all qualities; śrī — the goddess of fortune; nivāsena — by the resting place; sāmpratam — very recently; śocāmi — I am thinking of; rahitam — bereft of; lokam — planets; pāpmanā — by the store of all sins; kalinā — by Kali; īkṣitam — is seen.

TRANSLATION

In Him reside (1) truthfulness, (2) cleanliness, (3) intolerance of another’s unhappiness, (4) the power to control anger, (5) self-satisfaction, (6) straightforwardness, (7) steadiness of mind, (8) control of the sense organs, (9) responsibility, (10) equality, (11) tolerance, (12) equanimity, (13) faithfulness, (14) knowledge, (15) absence of sense enjoyment, (16) leadership, (17) chivalry, (18) influence, (19) the power to make everything possible, (20) the discharge of proper duty, (21) complete independence, (22) dexterity, (23) fullness of all beauty, (24) serenity, (25) kindheartedness, (26) ingenuity, (27) gentility, (28) magnanimity, (29) determination, (30) perfection in all knowledge, (31) proper execution, (32) possession of all objects of enjoyment, (33) joyfulness, (34) immovability, (35) fidelity, (36) fame, (37) worship, (38) pridelessness, (39) being (as the Personality of Godhead), (40) eternity, and many other transcendental qualities which are eternally present and never to be separated from Him. That Personality of Godhead, the reservoir of all goodness and beauty, Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, has now closed His transcendental pastimes on the face of the earth. In His absence the Age of Kali has spread its influence everywhere, so I am sorry to see this condition of existence.

VERSE 1.16.31

ātmānaṁ cānuśocāmi
bhavantaṁ cāmarottamam
devān pitṝn ṛṣīn sādhūn
sarvān varṇāṁs tathāśramān

SYNONYMS

ātmānam — myself; ca — also; anuśocāmi — lamenting; bhavantam — yourself; ca — as well as; amara-uttamam — the best amongst the demigods; devān — about the demigods; pitṝn — about the denizens of the Pitṛloka planet; ṛṣīn — about the sages; sādhūn — about the devotees; sarvān — all of them; varṇān — sections; tathā — as also; āśramān — orders of human society.

TRANSLATION

I am thinking about myself and also, O best amongst the demigods, about you, as well as about all the demigods, sages, denizens of Pitṛloka, devotees of the Lord and all men obedient to the system of varṇa and āśrama in human society.

VERSE 1.16.32-33

brahmādayo bahu-tithaṁ yad-apāṅga-mokṣa-
kāmās tapaḥ samacaran bhagavat-prapannāḥ
sā śrīḥ sva-vāsam aravinda-vanaṁ vihāya
yat-pāda-saubhagam alaṁ bhajate ’nuraktā

tasyāham abja-kuliśāṅkuśa-ketu-ketaiḥ
śrīmat-padair bhagavataḥ samalaṅkṛtāṅgī
trīn atyaroca upalabhya tato vibhūtiṁ
lokān sa māṁ vyasṛjad utsmayatīṁ tad-ante

SYNONYMS

brahma-ādayaḥ — demigods such as Brahmā; bahu-titham — for many days; yat — of Lakṣmī, the goddess of fortune; apāṅga-mokṣa — glance of grace; kāmāḥ — being desirous of; tapaḥ — penances; samacaran — executing; bhagavat — unto the Personality of Godhead; prapannāḥ — surrendered; — she (the goddess of fortune); śrīḥ — Lakṣmījī; sva-vāsam — her own abode; aravinda-vanam — the forest of lotus flowers; vihāya — leaving aside; yat — whose; pāda — feet; saubhagam — all-blissful; alam — without hesitation; bhajate — worships; anuraktā — being attached; tasya — His; aham — myself; abja — lotus flower; kuliśa — thunderbolt; aṅkuśa — rod for driving elephants; ketu — flag; ketaiḥ — impressions; śrīmat — the owner of all opulence; padaiḥ — by the soles of the feet; bhagavataḥ — of the Personality of Godhead; samalaṅkṛta-aṅgī — one whose body is so decorated; trīn — three; ati — superseding; aroce — beautifully decorated; upalabhya — having obtained; tataḥ — thereafter; vibhūtim — specific powers; lokān — planetary systems; saḥ — He; mām — me; vyasṛjat — gave up; utsmayatīm — while feeling proud; tat-ante — at the end.

TRANSLATION

Lakṣmījī, the goddess of fortune, whose glance of grace was sought by demigods like Brahmā and for whom they surrendered many a day unto the Personality of Godhead, gave up her own abode in the forest of lotus flowers and engaged herself in the service of the lotus feet of the Lord. I was endowed with specific powers to supersede the fortune of all the three planetary systems by being decorated with the impressions of the flag, thunderbolt, elephant-driving rod and lotus flower, which are signs of the lotus feet of the Lord. But at the end, when I felt I was so fortunate, the Lord left me.

VERSE 1.16.34

yo vai mamātibharam āsura-vaṁśa-rājñām
akṣauhiṇī-śatam apānudad ātma-tantraḥ
tvāṁ duḥstham ūna-padam ātmani pauruṣeṇa
sampādayan yaduṣu ramyam abibhrad aṅgam

SYNONYMS

yaḥ — He who; vai — certainly; mama — mine; ati-bharam — too burdensome; āsura-vaṁśa — unbelievers; rājñām — of the kings; akṣauhiṇī — one military division; * śatam — hundreds of such divisions; apānudat — extirpated; ātma-tantraḥ — self-sufficient; tvām — unto you; duḥstham — put into difficulty; ūna-padam — devoid of strength to stand; ātmani — internal; pauruṣeṇa — by dint of energy; sampādayan — for executing; yaduṣu — in the Yadu dynasty; ramyam — transcendentally beautiful; abibhrat — accepted; aṅgam — body.

TRANSLATION

O personality of religion, I was greatly overburdened by the undue military phalanxes arranged by atheistic kings, and I was relieved by the grace of the Personality of Godhead. Similarly you were also in a distressed condition, weakened in your standing strength, and thus He also incarnated by His internal energy in the family of the Yadus to relieve you.

VERSE 1.16.35

kā vā saheta virahaṁ puruṣottamasya
premāvaloka-rucira-smita-valgu-jalpaiḥ
sthairyaṁ samānam aharan madhu-māninīnāṁ
romotsavo mama yad-aṅghri-viṭaṅkitāyāḥ

SYNONYMS

— who; — either; saheta — can tolerate; viraham — separation; puruṣa-uttamasya — of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; prema — loving; avaloka — glancing; rucira-smita — pleasing smile; valgu-jalpaiḥ — hearty appeals; sthairyam — gravity; sa-mānam — along with passionate wrath; aharat — conquered; madhu — sweethearts; māninīnām — women such as Satyabhāmā; roma-utsavaḥ — hair standing on end out of pleasure; mama — mine; yat — whose; aṅghri — feet; viṭaṅkitāyāḥ — imprinted with.

TRANSLATION

Who, therefore, can tolerate the pangs of separation from that Supreme Personality of Godhead? He could conquer the gravity and passionate wrath of His sweethearts like Satyabhāmā by His sweet smile of love, pleasing glance and hearty appeals. When He traversed my [earth’s] surface, I would be immersed in the dust of His lotus feet and thus would be sumptuously covered with grass which appeared like hairs standing on me out of pleasure.

VERSE 1.16.36

tayor evaṁ kathayatoḥ
pṛthivī-dharmayos tadā
parīkṣin nāma rājarṣiḥ
prāptaḥ prācīṁ sarasvatīm

SYNONYMS

tayoḥ — between them; evam — thus; kathayatoḥ — engaged in conversation; pṛthivī — earth; dharmayoḥ — and the personality of religion; tadā — at that time; parīkṣit — King Parīkṣit; nāma — of the name; rāja-ṛṣiḥ — a saint amongst kings; prāptaḥ — arrived; prācīm — flowing towards the east; sarasvatīm — River Sarasvatī.

TRANSLATION

While the earth and the personality of religion were thus engaged in conversation, the saintly King Parīkṣit reached the shore of the Sarasvatī River, which flowed towards the east.